qt3to4 - The Qt 3 to 4 Porting Tool
qt3to4 tool provides help when moving a project from Qt 3 to Qt 4. It is designed to automate the most tedious part of the porting effort.
qt3to4 can be run either on individual C++ source or header files, or on an entire project specified by a
qt3to4 myfile.cpp qt3to4 myapp.pro
In project mode,
qt3to4 reads the
.pro file and converts all files specified in it. The tool modifies the files in place. You might want to make a copy of your project before you run the tool.
The Qt porting tool loads its porting rules from an XML file called
q3porting.xml located in Qt's
tools/porting/src directory. By editing this file, you can add your own rules or remove some rules.
q3porting.xml file specifies the following conversions:
- Rename classes that are now part of the Qt 3 support library (e.g., replace
- Prefix or rename enum values that have been moved or renamed (e.g., replace
QCheckBox::On) or members of the Qt namespace (e.g., replace
#includedirectives that might be needed in Qt 4.
Location of the qt3porting.xml File
You can now specify the location of the
qt3porting.xml file with the
-f command line option. This is useful if you want to use a modified file with your own rules.
If you you don't want to maintain a modified
qt3porting.xml it is possible to create a "patch" file that includes the original file and adds or disables rules. The syntax for this file looks like this:
<Rules> <Include>/path/to/q3porting.xml</Include> <item Type="RenamedHeader" Disable="True" > <Qt4>q3sqlselectcursor.h</Qt4> <Qt3>qsqlselectcursor.h</Qt3> </item> <item Type="RenamedHeader" > <Qt4>newclass.h</Qt4> <Qt3>oldclass.h</Qt3> </item> </Rules>
The porting tool logs all changes to a file called
portinglog.txt in the current directory. This file lists all changes made to the source files.
qt3to4 parses the source files and ports the contents according to the C++ language rules. This C++ parsing step can be disabled with the
If C++ parsing is enabled,
qt3to4 must be able to locate the headers included from the source files. Necessary headers include the public Qt headers and any headers that declares names that may conflict with names in the public Qt headers. The standard C++ headers and system headers are usually not needed.
You can tell
qt3to4 where to look for headers by using the
-I command-line option. Qt 3.3 header information is built in, so it is normaly not necessary to specify the location of the Qt headers. If you are porting from a different version of Qt 3, you may want to disable the built-in headers with
-disableBuiltInQt3Headers, and then add the path to the actual headers with the
When porting a project,
qt3to4 will read the
DEPENDPATH variables from the
.pro file and add the paths specified here to the list of include search directories.
To see which headers that are not found, use the
In some cases, you might get compiler errors because of identifiers in the global namespace (e.g.,
using namespace Qt;
at the beginning of the source file that contains the indentifier solves the problem.
Some source code in
qt3to4 is licensed under specific highly permissive licenses from the original authors. Nokia gratefully acknowledges these contributions to
qt3to4 and all uses of
qt3to4 should also acknowledge these contributions and quote the following license statements in an appendix to the documentation.
© 2016 The Qt Company Ltd. Documentation contributions included herein are the copyrights of their respective owners. The documentation provided herein is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License version 1.3 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Qt and respective logos are trademarks of The Qt Company Ltd. in Finland and/or other countries worldwide. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.