Custom Input Example

The Custom Input example shows how to customize the 3D graph controls in a widget application using a custom graph input handler to capture and process mouse events. The code in this example shows also how the camera is controlled by using QPropertyAnimation to animate the camera and item selection is done on mouseover rather than clicking any mouse buttons. Also the code shows how to implement similar zoom with mouse wheel functionality as the default input handler implements.

Replacing default input handling

The default input handling mechanism is replaced by setting the active input handler of Q3DScatter to CustomInputHandler that implements the custom behavior.

m_graph->setActiveInputHandler(m_inputHandler);

Implementing custom selection handling

The on mouseover selection handling is implemented in the CustomInputHandler that captures the mouse events. It then stores the last known coordinates to the QAbstract3DInputHandler::inputPosition property.

void CustomInputHandler::mouseMoveEvent(QMouseEvent *event, const QPoint &mousePos)
{
    Q_UNUSED(event)
    setInputPosition(mousePos);
}

As the selection is one shot, and is cleared each time a 3D frame is rendered, a timer is setup to retrigger selection so that the selection moves to the item currently under the mouse cursor as the camera animates around the graph even when the mouse cursor is not moving.

m_selectionTimer = new QTimer(this);
m_selectionTimer->setInterval(10);
m_selectionTimer->setSingleShot(false);
QObject::connect(m_selectionTimer, &QTimer::timeout, this,
                 &ScatterDataModifier::triggerSelection);
m_selectionTimer->start();

Implementing custom zoom handling

The camera has a zoom factor that represents amount of zoom in percentages. In this example the zoom range is limited between 10% and 500%. This range is then divided to four subranges where angleDelta is scaled to different amount of zoom change based on the current subrange.

void CustomInputHandler::wheelEvent(QWheelEvent *event)
{
    // Adjust zoom level based on what zoom range we're in.
    int zoomLevel = scene()->activeCamera()->zoomLevel();
    if (zoomLevel > 100)
        zoomLevel += event->angleDelta().y() / 12;
    else if (zoomLevel > 50)
        zoomLevel += event->angleDelta().y() / 60;
    else
        zoomLevel += event->angleDelta().y() / 120;
    if (zoomLevel > 500)
        zoomLevel = 500;
    else if (zoomLevel < 10)
        zoomLevel = 10;

    scene()->activeCamera()->setZoomLevel(zoomLevel);
}

Implementing custom camera handling

The camera is animated to constantly rotate around the graph with two animations. The rotation around the graph is done with a simple QPropertyAnimation that just increments during 20 seconds from 0 degrees to 360 degrees and sets the Q3DCamera::xRotation property.

m_animationCameraX = new QPropertyAnimation(m_graph->scene()->activeCamera(), "xRotation");
m_animationCameraX->setDuration(20000);
m_animationCameraX->setStartValue(QVariant::fromValue(0.0f));
m_animationCameraX->setEndValue(QVariant::fromValue(360.0f));
m_animationCameraX->setLoopCount(-1);

The camera movement up and down is implemented with a QSequentialAnimationGroup that varies the Q3DCamera::yRotation property of the camera from 5 degrees to 45 degrees and back with in and out easing.

QPropertyAnimation *upAnimation = new QPropertyAnimation(m_graph->scene()->activeCamera(), "yRotation");
upAnimation->setDuration(9000);
upAnimation->setStartValue(QVariant::fromValue(5.0f));
upAnimation->setEndValue(QVariant::fromValue(45.0f));

QPropertyAnimation *downAnimation = new QPropertyAnimation(m_graph->scene()->activeCamera(), "yRotation");
downAnimation->setDuration(9000);
downAnimation->setStartValue(QVariant::fromValue(45.0f));
downAnimation->setEndValue(QVariant::fromValue(5.0f));

m_animationCameraY = new QSequentialAnimationGroup();
m_animationCameraY->setLoopCount(-1);
m_animationCameraY->addAnimation(upAnimation);
m_animationCameraY->addAnimation(downAnimation);

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