main.cpp Example File

iconextractor/main.cpp
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#include <QtWin>

#include <QCommandLineParser>
#include <QCommandLineOption>
#include <QDir>
#include <QFileInfo>
#include <QGuiApplication>
#include <QImage>
#include <QPixmap>
#include <QScopedArrayPointer>
#include <QStringList>
#include <QSysInfo>

#include <iostream>

#include <shellapi.h>
#include <comdef.h>
#include <commctrl.h>
#include <objbase.h>
#include <commoncontrols.h>

/* This example demonstrates the Windows-specific image conversion
 * functions. */

struct PixmapEntry {
    QString name;
    QPixmap pixmap;
};

typedef QList<PixmapEntry> PixmapEntryList;

static std::wostream &operator<<(std::wostream &str, const QString &s)
{
#ifdef Q_OS_WIN
    str << reinterpret_cast<const wchar_t *>(s.utf16());
#else
    str << s.toStdWString();
#endif
    return str;
}

static QString formatSize(const QSize &size)
{
    return QString::number(size.width()) + QLatin1Char('x') + QString::number(size.height());
}

// Extract icons contained in executable or DLL using the Win32 API ExtractIconEx()
static PixmapEntryList extractIcons(const QString &sourceFile, bool large)
{
    const QString nativeName = QDir::toNativeSeparators(sourceFile);
    const wchar_t *sourceFileC = reinterpret_cast<const wchar_t *>(nativeName.utf16());
    const UINT iconCount = ExtractIconEx(sourceFileC, -1, 0, 0, 0);
    if (!iconCount) {
        std::wcerr << sourceFile << " does not appear to contain icons.\n";
        return PixmapEntryList();
    }

    QScopedArrayPointer<HICON> icons(new HICON[iconCount]);
    const UINT extractedIconCount = large ?
        ExtractIconEx(sourceFileC, 0, icons.data(), 0, iconCount) :
        ExtractIconEx(sourceFileC, 0, 0, icons.data(), iconCount);
    if (!extractedIconCount) {
        qErrnoWarning("Failed to extract icons from %s", qPrintable(sourceFile));
        return PixmapEntryList();
    }

    PixmapEntryList result;
    result.reserve(int(extractedIconCount));

    std::wcout << sourceFile << " contains " << extractedIconCount << " icon(s).\n";

    for (UINT i = 0; i < extractedIconCount; ++i) {
        PixmapEntry entry;
        entry.pixmap = QtWin::fromHICON(icons[i]);
        if (entry.pixmap.isNull()) {
            std::wcerr << "Error converting icons.\n";
            return PixmapEntryList();
        }
        entry.name = QString::fromLatin1("%1_%2x%3").arg(i, 3, 10, QLatin1Char('0'))
            .arg(entry.pixmap.width()).arg(entry.pixmap.height());
        result.append(entry);
    }
    return result;
}

// Helper for extracting large/jumbo icons available from Windows Vista onwards
// via SHGetImageList().
static QPixmap pixmapFromShellImageList(int iImageList, const SHFILEINFO &info)
{
    QPixmap result;
    // For MinGW:
    static const IID iID_IImageList = {0x46eb5926, 0x582e, 0x4017, {0x9f, 0xdf, 0xe8, 0x99, 0x8d, 0xaa, 0x9, 0x50}};

    IImageList *imageList = Q_NULLPTR;
    if (FAILED(SHGetImageList(iImageList, iID_IImageList, reinterpret_cast<void **>(&imageList))))
        return result;

    HICON hIcon = 0;
    if (SUCCEEDED(imageList->GetIcon(info.iIcon, ILD_TRANSPARENT, &hIcon))) {
        result = QtWin::fromHICON(hIcon);
        DestroyIcon(hIcon);
    }
    return result;
}

// Extract icons that would be  displayed by the Explorer (shell)
static PixmapEntryList extractShellIcons(const QString &sourceFile, bool addOverlays)
{
    enum { // Shell image list ids
        sHIL_EXTRALARGE = 0x2, // 48x48 or user-defined
        sHIL_JUMBO = 0x4 // 256x256 (Vista or later)
    };

    struct FlagEntry {
        const char *name;
        unsigned flags;
    };

    const FlagEntry modeEntries[] =
    {
        {"",     0},
        {"open", SHGFI_OPENICON},
        {"sel",  SHGFI_SELECTED},
    };
    const FlagEntry standardSizeEntries[] =
    {
        {"s",  SHGFI_SMALLICON},
        {"l",  SHGFI_LARGEICON},
        {"sh", SHGFI_SHELLICONSIZE},
    };

    const QString nativeName = QDir::toNativeSeparators(sourceFile);
    const wchar_t *sourceFileC = reinterpret_cast<const wchar_t *>(nativeName.utf16());

    SHFILEINFO info;
    unsigned int baseFlags = SHGFI_ICON | SHGFI_SYSICONINDEX | SHGFI_ICONLOCATION;
    if (addOverlays)
        baseFlags |= SHGFI_ADDOVERLAYS | SHGFI_OVERLAYINDEX;
    if (!QFileInfo(sourceFile).isDir())
        baseFlags |= SHGFI_USEFILEATTRIBUTES;

    const size_t modeEntryCount = sizeof(modeEntries) / sizeof(modeEntries[0]);
    const size_t standardSizeEntryCount = sizeof(standardSizeEntries) / sizeof(standardSizeEntries[0]);
    PixmapEntryList result;
    for (size_t m = 0; m < modeEntryCount; ++m) {
        const unsigned modeFlags = baseFlags | modeEntries[m].flags;
        QString modePrefix = QLatin1String("_shell_");
        if (modeEntries[m].name[0])
            modePrefix += QLatin1String(modeEntries[m].name) + QLatin1Char('_');
        for (size_t s = 0; s < standardSizeEntryCount; ++s) {
            const unsigned flags = modeFlags | standardSizeEntries[s].flags;
            const QString prefix = modePrefix + QLatin1String(standardSizeEntries[s].name)
                + QLatin1Char('_');
            ZeroMemory(&info, sizeof(SHFILEINFO));
            const HRESULT hr = SHGetFileInfo(sourceFileC, 0, &info, sizeof(SHFILEINFO), flags);
            if (FAILED(hr)) {
                _com_error error(hr);
                std::wcerr << "SHGetFileInfo() failed for \"" << nativeName << "\", "
                    << std::hex << std::showbase << flags << std::dec << std::noshowbase
                    << " (" << prefix << "): " << error.ErrorMessage() << '\n';
                continue;
            }

            if (info.hIcon) {
                PixmapEntry entry;
                entry.pixmap = QtWin::fromHICON(info.hIcon);
                DestroyIcon(info.hIcon);
                if (entry.pixmap.isNull()) {
                    std::wcerr << "Error converting icons.\n";
                    return PixmapEntryList();
                }
                entry.name = prefix + formatSize(entry.pixmap.size());

                const int iconIndex = info.iIcon & 0xFFFFFF;
                const int overlayIconIndex = info.iIcon >> 24;

                std::wcout << "Obtained icon #" << iconIndex;
                if (addOverlays)
                    std::wcout << " (overlay #" << overlayIconIndex << ')';
                if (info.szDisplayName[0])
                    std::wcout << " from " << QString::fromWCharArray(info.szDisplayName);
                std::wcout << " (" << entry.pixmap.width() << 'x'
                    << entry.pixmap.height() << ") for " << std::hex << std::showbase << flags
                    << std::dec << std::noshowbase << '\n';

                result.append(entry);
            }
        } // for standardSizeEntryCount
        // Windows Vista onwards: extract large/jumbo icons
        if (QSysInfo::windowsVersion() >= QSysInfo::WV_VISTA && info.hIcon) {
            const QPixmap extraLarge = pixmapFromShellImageList(sHIL_EXTRALARGE, info);
            if (!extraLarge.isNull()) {
                PixmapEntry entry;
                entry.pixmap = extraLarge;
                entry.name = modePrefix + QLatin1String("xl_") + formatSize(extraLarge.size());
                result.append(entry);
            }
            const QPixmap jumbo = pixmapFromShellImageList(sHIL_JUMBO, info);
            if (!jumbo.isNull()) {
                PixmapEntry entry;
                entry.pixmap = jumbo;
                entry.name = modePrefix + QLatin1String("jumbo_") + formatSize(extraLarge.size());
                result.append(entry);
            }
        }
    } // for modes
    return result;
}

static const char description[] =
    "\nExtracts Windows icons from executables, DLL or icon files and writes them\n"
    "out as numbered .png-files.\n"
    "When passing the --shell option, the icons displayed by Explorer are extracted.\n";

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    QGuiApplication app(argc, argv);
    QCoreApplication::setApplicationName("Icon Extractor");
    QCoreApplication::setOrganizationName("QtProject");
    QCoreApplication::setApplicationVersion(QT_VERSION_STR);
    QCommandLineParser parser;
    parser.setSingleDashWordOptionMode(QCommandLineParser::ParseAsCompactedShortOptions);
    parser.setApplicationDescription(QLatin1String(description));
    parser.addHelpOption();
    parser.addVersionOption();
    const QCommandLineOption largeIconOption("large", "Extract large icons");
    parser.addOption(largeIconOption);
    const QCommandLineOption shellIconOption("shell", "Extract shell icons using SHGetFileInfo()");
    parser.addOption(shellIconOption);
    const QCommandLineOption shellOverlayOption("overlay", "Extract shell overlay icons");
    parser.addOption(shellOverlayOption);
    parser.addPositionalArgument("file", "The file to open.");
    parser.addPositionalArgument("image file folder", "The folder to store the images.");
    parser.process(app);
    const QStringList &positionalArguments = parser.positionalArguments();
    if (positionalArguments.isEmpty())
        parser.showHelp(0);

    QString imageFileRoot = positionalArguments.size() > 1 ? positionalArguments.at(1) : QDir::currentPath();
    const QFileInfo imageFileRootInfo(imageFileRoot);
    if (!imageFileRootInfo.isDir()) {
        std::wcerr << imageFileRoot << " is not a directory.\n";
        return 1;
    }
    const QString &sourceFile = positionalArguments.constFirst();
    imageFileRoot = imageFileRootInfo.absoluteFilePath() + QLatin1Char('/') + QFileInfo(sourceFile).baseName();

    const PixmapEntryList pixmaps = parser.isSet(shellIconOption)
        ? extractShellIcons(sourceFile, parser.isSet(shellOverlayOption))
        : extractIcons(sourceFile, parser.isSet(largeIconOption));

    for (int i = 0, count = pixmaps.size(); i < count; ++i) {
        const QString fileName = imageFileRoot + pixmaps.at(i).name + QLatin1String(".png");
        if (!pixmaps.at(i).pixmap.save(fileName)) {
            std::wcerr << "Error writing image file " << fileName << ".\n";
            return 1;
        }
        std::wcout << "Wrote " << QDir::toNativeSeparators(fileName) << ".\n";
    }
    return 0;
}

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