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Customized Layoutmanager


This examples demonstrates how to write a customized layout (geometry) manager, like a Card-Layout, Border-Layout and Flow-Layout. See also: Documentation of Geometry Management.
Header file of the Flow-Layout:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/flow.h#5 $
**
** Definition of simple flow layout for custom layout example
**
** Created : 979899
**
** Copyright (C) 1997 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#ifndef FLOW_H
#define FLOW_H

#include <qlayout.h>
#include <qlist.h>

class SimpleFlow : public QLayout
{
public:
    SimpleFlow( QWidget *parent, int border=0, int space=-1,
                const char *name=0 )
        : QLayout( parent, border, space, name ),
        cached_width(0) {}
    SimpleFlow( QLayout* parent, int space=-1, const char *name=0 )
        : QLayout( parent, space, name ),
        cached_width(0) {}
    SimpleFlow( int space=-1, const char *name=0 )
        : QLayout( space, name ),
        cached_width(0) {}

    ~SimpleFlow();

    void addItem( QLayoutItem *item);
    bool hasHeightForWidth() const;
    int heightForWidth( int ) const;
    QSize sizeHint() const;
    QSize minimumSize() const;
    QLayoutIterator iterator();
    QSizePolicy::ExpandData expanding() const;

protected:
    void setGeometry( const QRect& );

private:
    int doLayout( const QRect&, bool testonly = FALSE );
    QList<QLayoutItem> list;
    int cached_width;
    int cached_hfw;

};

#endif

Implementation of the Flow-Layout:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/flow.cpp#4 $
**
** Implementing your own layout: flow example
**
** Copyright (C) 1996 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#include "flow.h"

class SimpleFlowIterator :public QGLayoutIterator
{
public:
    SimpleFlowIterator( QList<QLayoutItem> *l ) :idx(0), list(l)  {}
    uint count() const;
    QLayoutItem *current();
    QLayoutItem *next();
    QLayoutItem *takeCurrent();

private:
    int idx;
    QList<QLayoutItem> *list;

};

uint SimpleFlowIterator::count() const
{
    return list->count();
}

QLayoutItem *SimpleFlowIterator::current()
{
    return idx < int(count()) ? list->at(idx) : 0;
}

QLayoutItem *SimpleFlowIterator::next()
{
    idx++; return current();
}

QLayoutItem *SimpleFlowIterator::takeCurrent()
{
    return idx < int(count()) ? list->take( idx ) : 0;
}

SimpleFlow::~SimpleFlow()
{
    deleteAllItems();
}

int SimpleFlow::heightForWidth( int w ) const
{
    if ( cached_width != w ) {
        //Not all C++ compilers support "mutable" yet:
        SimpleFlow * mthis = (SimpleFlow*)this;
        int h = mthis->doLayout( QRect(0,0,w,0), TRUE );
        mthis->cached_hfw = h;
        return h;
    }
    return cached_hfw;
}

void SimpleFlow::addItem( QLayoutItem *item)
{
    list.append( item );
}

bool SimpleFlow::hasHeightForWidth() const
{
    return TRUE;
}

QSize SimpleFlow::sizeHint() const
{
    return minimumSize();
}

QSizePolicy::ExpandData SimpleFlow::expanding() const
{
    return QSizePolicy::NoDirection;
}

QLayoutIterator SimpleFlow::iterator()
{
    return QLayoutIterator( new SimpleFlowIterator( &list ) );
}

void SimpleFlow::setGeometry( const QRect &r )
{
    QLayout::setGeometry( r );
    doLayout( r );
}

int SimpleFlow::doLayout( const QRect &r, bool testonly )
{
    int x = r.x();
    int y = r.y();
    int h = 0;          //height of this line so far.
    QListIterator<QLayoutItem> it(list);
    QLayoutItem *o;
    while ( (o=it.current()) != 0 ) {
        ++it;
        int nextX = x + o->sizeHint().width() + spacing();
        if ( nextX - spacing() > r.right() && h > 0 ) {
            x = r.x();
            y = y + h + spacing();
            nextX = x + o->sizeHint().width() + spacing();
            h = 0;
        }
        if ( !testonly )
            o->setGeometry( QRect( QPoint( x, y ), o->sizeHint() ) );
        x = nextX;
        h = QMAX( h,  o->sizeHint().height() );
    }
    return y + h - r.y();
}

QSize SimpleFlow::minimumSize() const
{
    QSize s(0,0);
    QListIterator<QLayoutItem> it(list);
    QLayoutItem *o;
    while ( (o=it.current()) != 0 ) {
        ++it;
        s = s.expandedTo( o->minimumSize() );
    }
    return s;
}

Header file of the Border-Layout:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/border.h#5 $
**
** Definition of simple flow layout for custom layout example
**
** Created : 979899
**
** Copyright (C) 1997 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#ifndef BORDER_H
#define BORDER_H

#include <qlayout.h>
#include <qlist.h>

class BorderWidgetItem : public QWidgetItem
{
public:
    BorderWidgetItem( QWidget *w )
        : QWidgetItem( w )
    {}

    void setGeometry( const QRect &r )
    { widget()->setGeometry( r ); }

};

class BorderLayout : public QLayout
{
public:
    enum Position {
        West = 0,
        North,
        South,
        East,
        Center
    };

    struct BorderLayoutStruct
    {
        BorderLayoutStruct( QLayoutItem *i, Position p ) {
            item = i;
            pos = p;
        }

        QLayoutItem *item;
        Position pos;
    };

    enum SizeType {
        Minimum = 0,
        SizeHint
    };

    BorderLayout( QWidget *parent, int border = 0, int autoBorder = -1,
                  const char *name = 0 )
        : QLayout( parent, border, autoBorder, name ), cached( 0, 0 ), mcached( 0, 0 ),
          sizeDirty( TRUE ), msizeDirty( TRUE )
    {}

    BorderLayout( QLayout* parent, int autoBorder = -1, const char *name = 0 )
        : QLayout( parent, autoBorder, name  ), cached( 0, 0 ), mcached( 0, 0 ),
          sizeDirty( TRUE ), msizeDirty( TRUE )
    {}

    BorderLayout( int autoBorder = -1, const char *name = 0 )
        : QLayout( autoBorder, name ), cached( 0, 0 ), mcached( 0, 0 ),
          sizeDirty( TRUE ), msizeDirty( TRUE )
    {}

    ~BorderLayout();

    void addItem( QLayoutItem *item );

    void addWidget( QWidget *widget, Position pos );
    void add( QLayoutItem *item, Position pos );

    bool hasHeightForWidth() const;

    QSize sizeHint() const;
    QSize minimumSize() const;

    QLayoutIterator iterator();

    QSizePolicy::ExpandData expanding() const;

protected:
    void setGeometry( const QRect &rect );

private:
    void doLayout( const QRect &rect, bool testonly = FALSE );
    void calcSize( SizeType st );

    QList<BorderLayoutStruct> list;
    QSize cached, mcached;
    bool sizeDirty, msizeDirty;

};

#endif

Implementation of the Border-Layout:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/border.cpp#6 $
**
** Implementing your own layout: flow example
**
** Copyright (C) 1996 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#include "border.h"

class BorderLayoutIterator : public QGLayoutIterator
{
public:
    BorderLayoutIterator( const QList<BorderLayout::BorderLayoutStruct> *l )
        : idx( 0 ) , list( (QList<BorderLayout::BorderLayoutStruct>*)l )
    {}

    uint count() const;
    QLayoutItem *current();
    BorderLayout::BorderLayoutStruct *currentStruct();
    void toFirst();
    QLayoutItem *next();
    QLayoutItem *takeCurrent();
    BorderLayoutIterator &operator++();

private:
    int idx;
    QList<BorderLayout::BorderLayoutStruct> *list;

};

uint BorderLayoutIterator::count() const
{
    return list->count();
}

QLayoutItem *BorderLayoutIterator::current()
{
    return idx < (int)count() ? list->at( idx )->item : 0;
}

BorderLayout::BorderLayoutStruct *BorderLayoutIterator::currentStruct()
{
    return idx < (int)count() ? list->at( idx ) : 0;
}

void BorderLayoutIterator::toFirst()
{
    idx = 0;
}

QLayoutItem *BorderLayoutIterator::next()
{
    idx++;
    return current();
}

QLayoutItem *BorderLayoutIterator::takeCurrent()
{
    BorderLayout::BorderLayoutStruct *b
        = idx < int( list->count() ) ? list->take(  idx  ) : 0;
    QLayoutItem *item =  b ? b->item : 0;
    delete b;
    return item;
}

BorderLayoutIterator &BorderLayoutIterator::operator++()
{
    next();
    return *this;
}

BorderLayout::~BorderLayout()
{
    deleteAllItems();
}

void BorderLayout::addItem( QLayoutItem *item )
{
    add( item, West );
}

void BorderLayout::addWidget( QWidget *widget, Position pos )
{
    add( new BorderWidgetItem( widget ), pos );
}

void BorderLayout::add( QLayoutItem *item, Position pos )
{
    list.append( new BorderLayoutStruct( item, pos ) );
    sizeDirty = TRUE; msizeDirty = TRUE;
    calcSize( SizeHint ); calcSize( Minimum );
}

bool BorderLayout::hasHeightForWidth() const
{
    return FALSE;
}

QSize BorderLayout::sizeHint() const
{
    return cached;
}

QSize BorderLayout::minimumSize() const
{
    return cached;
}

QSizePolicy::ExpandData BorderLayout::expanding() const

{
    return QSizePolicy::BothDirections;
}

QLayoutIterator BorderLayout::iterator()
{
    return QLayoutIterator( new BorderLayoutIterator( &list ) );
}

void BorderLayout::setGeometry( const QRect &rct )
{
    QLayout::setGeometry( rct );
    doLayout( rct );
}

void BorderLayout::doLayout( const QRect &rct, bool /*testonly*/ )
{
    int ew = 0, ww = 0, nh = 0, sh = 0;
    int h = 0;

    BorderLayoutIterator it = BorderLayoutIterator( &list );
    BorderLayoutStruct *o;
    BorderLayoutStruct *center = 0;
    while ( ( o = it.currentStruct() ) != 0 ) {
        ++it;

        if ( o->pos == North ) {
            o->item->setGeometry( QRect( rct.x(), nh, rct.width(), o->item->sizeHint().height() ) );
            nh += o->item->geometry().height() + spacing();
        }
        if ( o->pos == South ) {
            o->item->setGeometry( QRect( o->item->geometry().x(), o->item->geometry().y(),
                                         rct.width(), o->item->sizeHint().height() ) );
            sh += o->item->geometry().height() + spacing();
            o->item->setGeometry( QRect( rct.x(), rct.y() + rct.height() - sh + spacing(),
                                         o->item->geometry().width(), o->item->geometry().height() ) );
        }
        if ( o->pos == Center )
            center = o;
    }

    h = rct.height() - nh - sh;

    it.toFirst();
    while ( ( o = it.currentStruct() ) != 0 ) {
        ++it;

        if ( o->pos == West ) {
            o->item->setGeometry( QRect( rct.x() + ww, nh, o->item->sizeHint().width(), h ) );
            ww += o->item->geometry().width() + spacing();
        }
        if ( o->pos == East ) {
            o->item->setGeometry( QRect( o->item->geometry().x(), o->item->geometry().y(),
                                         o->item->sizeHint().width(), h ) );
            ew += o->item->geometry().width() + spacing();
            o->item->setGeometry( QRect( rct.x() + rct.width() - ew + spacing(), nh,
                                         o->item->geometry().width(), o->item->geometry().height() ) );
        }
    }

    if ( center )
        center->item->setGeometry( QRect( ww, nh, rct.width() - ew - ww, h ) );
}

void BorderLayout::calcSize( SizeType st )
{
    if ( ( st == Minimum && !msizeDirty ) ||
         ( st == SizeHint && !sizeDirty ) )
        return;

    int w = 0, h = 0;

    BorderLayoutIterator it = BorderLayoutIterator( &list );
    BorderLayoutStruct *o;
    while ( ( o = it.currentStruct() ) != 0 ) {
        ++it;
        if ( o->pos == North ||
             o->pos == South ) {
            if ( st == Minimum )
                h += o->item->minimumSize().height();
            else
                h += o->item->sizeHint().height();
        }
        else if ( o->pos == West ||
                  o->pos == East ) {
            if ( st == Minimum )
                w += o->item->minimumSize().width();
            else
                w += o->item->sizeHint().width();
        } else {
            if ( st == Minimum ) {
                h += o->item->minimumSize().height();
                w += o->item->minimumSize().width();
            }
            else {
                h += o->item->sizeHint().height();
                w += o->item->sizeHint().width();
            }
        }
    }

    if ( st == Minimum ) {
        msizeDirty = FALSE;
        mcached = QSize( w, h );
    } else {
        sizeDirty = FALSE;
        cached = QSize( w, h );
    }

    return;
}

Header file of the Card-Layout:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/card.h#1 $
**
** Definition of simple flow layout for custom layout example
**
** Created : 979899
**
** Copyright (C) 1997 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#ifndef CARD_H
#define CARD_H

#include <qlayout.h>
#include <qlist.h>

class CardLayout : public QLayout
{
public:
    CardLayout( QWidget *parent, int dist )
        : QLayout( parent, 0, dist ) {}
    CardLayout( QLayout* parent, int dist)
        : QLayout( parent, dist ) {}
    CardLayout( int dist )
        : QLayout( dist ) {}
    ~CardLayout();

    void addItem( QLayoutItem *item );
    QSize sizeHint() const;
    QSize minimumSize() const;
    QLayoutIterator iterator();
    void setGeometry( const QRect &rect );

private:
    QList<QLayoutItem> list;

};

#endif

Implementation of the Card-Layout:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/card.cpp#3 $
**
** Implementing your own layout: flow example
**
** Copyright (C) 1996 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#include "card.h"

class CardLayoutIterator :public QGLayoutIterator
{
public:
    CardLayoutIterator( QList<QLayoutItem> *l )
        : idx( 0 ), list( l )  {}

    QLayoutItem *current();
    QLayoutItem *next();
    QLayoutItem *takeCurrent();

private:
    int idx;
    QList<QLayoutItem> *list;
};

QLayoutItem *CardLayoutIterator::current()
{
    return idx < int( list->count() ) ? list->at( idx ) : 0;
}

QLayoutItem *CardLayoutIterator::next()
{
    idx++; return current();
}

QLayoutItem *CardLayoutIterator::takeCurrent()
{
    return idx < int( list->count() ) ?list->take( idx ) : 0;
}

QLayoutIterator CardLayout::iterator()
{
    return QLayoutIterator(  new CardLayoutIterator( &list )  );
}

CardLayout::~CardLayout()
{
    deleteAllItems();
}

void CardLayout::addItem(  QLayoutItem *item  )
{
    list.append( item );
}

void CardLayout::setGeometry( const QRect &rct )
{
    QLayout::setGeometry( rct );

    QListIterator<QLayoutItem> it( list );
    if ( it.count() == 0 )
        return;

    QLayoutItem *o;

    int i = 0;

    int w = rct.width() - ( list.count() - 1 ) * spacing();
    int h = rct.height() - ( list.count() - 1 ) * spacing();

    while ( ( o=it.current() ) != 0 ) {
        ++it;
        QRect geom( rct.x() + i * spacing(), rct.y() + i * spacing(),
                    w, h  );
        o->setGeometry(  geom  );
        ++i;
    }
}

QSize CardLayout::sizeHint() const
{
    QSize s(0,0);
    int n = list.count();
    if ( n > 0 )
        s = QSize(100,70); //start with a nice default size
    QListIterator<QLayoutItem> it(list);
    QLayoutItem *o;
    while ( (o=it.current()) != 0 ) {
        ++it;
        s = s.expandedTo( o->minimumSize() );
    }
    return s + n*QSize(spacing(),spacing());
}

QSize CardLayout::minimumSize() const
{
    QSize s(0,0);
    int n = list.count();
    QListIterator<QLayoutItem> it(list);
    QLayoutItem *o;
    while ( (o=it.current()) != 0 ) {
        ++it;
        s = s.expandedTo( o->minimumSize() );
    }
    return s + n*QSize(spacing(),spacing());
}

Main:
/****************************************************************************
** $Id: //depot/qt/main/examples/customlayout/main.cpp#2 $
**
** Main for custom layout example
**
** Copyright (C) 1996 by Trolltech AS.  All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of an example program for Qt.  This example
** program may be used, distributed and modified without limitation.
**
*****************************************************************************/

#include "flow.h"
#include "border.h"
#include "card.h"

#include <qapplication.h>
#include <qlabel.h>
#include <qcolor.h>
#include <qgroupbox.h>
#include <qpushbutton.h>
#include <qmultilineedit.h>
#include <qcolor.h>

int main( int argc, char **argv )
{
    QApplication a( argc, argv );

    QWidget *f = new QWidget;
    QBoxLayout *gm = new QVBoxLayout( f, 5 );

    SimpleFlow *b1 = new SimpleFlow( gm );

    b1->add( new QPushButton( "Short", f ) );
    b1->add( new QPushButton( "Longer", f ) );
    b1->add( new QPushButton( "Different text", f ) );
    b1->add( new QPushButton( "More text", f ) );
    b1->add( new QPushButton( "Even longer button text", f ) );
    QPushButton* qb = new QPushButton( "Quit", f );
    a.connect( qb, SIGNAL( clicked() ), SLOT( quit() ) );
    b1->add( qb );

    QWidget *wid = new QWidget( f );

    BorderLayout *large = new BorderLayout( wid );
    large->setSpacing( 5 );
    large->addWidget( new QPushButton( "North", wid ), BorderLayout::North );
    large->addWidget( new QPushButton( "West", wid ), BorderLayout::West );
    QMultiLineEdit* m = new QMultiLineEdit( wid );
    m->setText( "Central\nWidget" );
    large->addWidget( m, BorderLayout::Center );
    QWidget *east1 = new QPushButton( "East", wid );
    large->addWidget( east1, BorderLayout::East );
    QWidget *east2 = new QPushButton( "East 2", wid );
    large->addWidget( east2 , BorderLayout::East );
    large->addWidget( new QPushButton( "South", wid ), BorderLayout::South );
    //Left-to-right tab order looks better:
    QWidget::setTabOrder( east2, east1 );
    gm->addWidget( wid );

    wid = new QWidget( f );
    CardLayout *card = new CardLayout( wid, 10 );

    QWidget *crd = new QWidget( wid );
    crd->setBackgroundColor( Qt::red );
    card->add( crd );
    crd = new QWidget( wid );
    crd->setBackgroundColor( Qt::green );
    card->add( crd );
    crd = new QWidget( wid );
    crd->setBackgroundColor( Qt::blue );
    card->add( crd );
    crd = new QWidget( wid );
    crd->setBackgroundColor( Qt::white );
    card->add( crd );
    crd = new QWidget( wid );
    crd->setBackgroundColor( Qt::black );
    card->add( crd );
    crd = new QWidget( wid );
    crd->setBackgroundColor( Qt::yellow );
    card->add( crd );

    gm->addWidget( wid );

    QLabel* s = new QLabel( f );
    s->setText( "outermost box" );
    s->setFrameStyle( QFrame::Panel | QFrame::Sunken );
    s->setAlignment( Qt::AlignVCenter | Qt::AlignHCenter );
    gm->addWidget( s );
    a.setMainWidget( f );
    f->setCaption("Qt Example - Custom Layout");
    f->show();

    int result = a.exec();
    delete f;
    return result;
}


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Qt version 2.3.10