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QWaitCondition Class Reference


The QWaitCondition class allows waiting/waking for conditions between threads More...

#include <qthread.h>

Inherits Qt.

List of all member functions.

Public Members


Detailed Description

The QWaitCondition class allows waiting/waking for conditions between threads

QWaitConditions allow a thread to tell other threads that some sort of condition has been met; one or many threads can block waiting for a QWaitCondition to set a condition with wakeOne() or wakeAll. Use wakeOne() to wake one randomly-selected event or wakeAll() to wake them all. For example, say we have three tasks that should be performed every time the user presses a key; each task could be split into a thread, each of which would have a run() body like so:

  QWaitCondition key_pressed;

  for (;;) {
     key_pressed.wait();    // This is a QWaitCondition global variable
     // Key was pressed, do something interesting
     do_something();
  }

A fourth thread would read key presses and wake the other three threads up every time it receives one, like so:

  QWaitCondition key_pressed;

  for (;;) {
     getchar();
     // Causes any thread in key_pressed.wait() to return from
     // that method and continue processing
     key_pressed.wakeAll();
  }

Note that the order the three threads are woken up in is undefined, and that if some or all of the threads are still in do_something() when the key is pressed, they won't be woken up (since they're not waiting on the condition variable) and so the task will not be performed for that key press. This can be avoided by, for example, doing something like this:

  QMutex mymutex;
  QWaitCondition key_pressed;
  int mycount=0;

  // Worker thread code
  for (;;) {
     key_pressed.wait();    // This is a QWaitCondition global variable
     mymutex.lock();
     mycount++;
     mymutex.unlock();
     do_something();
     mymutex.lock();
     mycount--;
     mymutex.unlock();
  }

  // Key reading thread code
  for (;;) {
     getchar();
     mymutex.lock();
     // Sleep until there are no busy worker threads
     while(count>0) {
       mymutex.unlock();
       sleep(1);
       mymutex.lock();
     }
     mymutex.unlock();
     key_pressed.wakeAll();
  }

The mutexes are necessary because the results if two threads attempt to change the value of the same variable simultaneously are unpredictable.


Member Function Documentation

QWaitCondition::QWaitCondition ()

Constructs a new event signalling object.

QWaitCondition::~QWaitCondition () [virtual]

Deletes the event signalling object.

bool QWaitCondition::wait ( QMutex * mutex, unsigned long time = ULONG_MAX )

Release the locked mutex and wait on the thread event object. The mutex must be initially locked by the calling thread. If mutex is not in a locked state, this function returns immediately. The mutex will be unlocked, and the thread calling will block until one of 2 conditions is met:

The mutex will be returned to the same locked state. This function is provided to allow the atomic transition from the locked state to the wait state.

See also wakeOne() and wakeAll().

bool QWaitCondition::wait ( unsigned long time = ULONG_MAX )

Wait on the thread event object. The thread calling this will block until one of 2 conditions is met:

See also wakeOne() and wakeAll().

void QWaitCondition::wakeAll ()

This wakes all threads waiting on the QWaitCondition. The order in which the threads are woken up depends on the operating system's scheduling policies, and cannot be controlled or predicted.

See also wakeOne().

void QWaitCondition::wakeOne ()

This wakes one thread waiting on the QWaitCondition. The thread that woken up depends on the operating system's scheduling policies, and cannot be controlled or predicted.

See also wakeAll().


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