Home · All Classes · All Functions · Overviews

QMacNativeWidget Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QMacNativeWidget class provides a widget for Mac OS X that provides a way to put Qt widgets into Carbon or Cocoa hierarchies depending on how Qt was configured. More...

 #include <QMacNativeWidget>

Inherits QWidget.

This class was introduced in Qt 4.5.


Public Functions

QMacNativeWidget ( void * parentView = 0 )
~QMacNativeWidget ()

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual QSize sizeHint () const

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual bool event ( QEvent * ev )

Additional Inherited Members


Detailed Description

The QMacNativeWidget class provides a widget for Mac OS X that provides a way to put Qt widgets into Carbon or Cocoa hierarchies depending on how Qt was configured.

On Mac OS X, there is a difference between a window and view; normally expressed as widgets in Qt. Qt makes assumptions about its parent-child hierarchy that make it complex to put an arbitrary Qt widget into a hierarchy of "normal" views from Apple frameworks. QMacNativeWidget bridges the gap between views and windows and makes it possible to put a hierarchy of Qt widgets into a non-Qt window or view.

QMacNativeWidget pretends it is a window (i.e. isWindow() will return true), but it cannot be shown on its own. It needs to be put into a window when it is created or later through a native call.

QMacNativeWidget works for either Carbon or Cocoa depending on how Qt was configured. If Qt is using Carbon, QMacNativeWidget will embed into Carbon hierarchies. If Qt is using Cocoa, QMacNativeWidget embeds into Cocoa hierarchies.

Here is an example of putting a QPushButton into a NSWindow:

     NSAutoreleasePool *pool = [[NSAutoreleasePool alloc] init];
     NSWindow *window = [[NSWindow alloc] initWithContentRect:NSMakeRect(200, app.desktop()->height() - 200, 239, 200)
                         styleMask:NSTitledWindowMask | NSClosableWindowMask
                                   | NSMiniaturizableWindowMask | NSResizableWindowMask
                         backing:NSBackingStoreBuffered defer:NO];

     QMacNativeWidget *nativeWidget = new QMacNativeWidget();
     nativeWidget->move(0, 0);
     nativeWidget->setPalette(QPalette(Qt::red));
     nativeWidget->setAutoFillBackground(true);
     QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout();
     QPushButton *pushButton = new QPushButton("An Embedded Qt Button!", nativeWidget);
     pushButton->setAttribute(Qt::WA_LayoutUsesWidgetRect); // Don't use the layout rect calculated from QMacStyle.
     layout->addWidget(pushButton);
     nativeWidget->setLayout(layout);

     // Adjust Cocoa layouts
     NSView *nativeWidgetView = reinterpret_cast<NSView *>(nativeWidget->winId());
     NSView *contentView = [window contentView];
     [contentView setAutoresizesSubviews:YES];
     [nativeWidgetView setAutoresizingMask:NSViewWidthSizable | NSViewHeightSizable];
     [nativeWidgetView setAutoresizesSubviews:YES];
     NSView *pushButtonView = reinterpret_cast<NSView *>(pushButton->winId());
     [pushButtonView setAutoresizingMask:NSViewWidthSizable];

     // Add the nativeWidget to the window.
     [contentView addSubview:nativeWidgetView positioned:NSWindowAbove relativeTo:nil];
     nativeWidget->show();
     pushButton->show();

     // Show the window.
     [window makeKeyAndOrderFront:window];
     [pool release];

On Carbon, this would do the equivalent:

     Rect contentRect;
     SetRect(&contentRect, 200, 200, 400, 400);
     HIWindowRef windowRef;
     CreateNewWindow(kDocumentWindowClass, kWindowStandardDocumentAttributes | kWindowCompositingAttribute | kWindowStandardHandlerAttribute | kWindowLiveResizeAttribute, &contentRect, &windowRef);
     HIViewRef contentView = 0;
     GetRootControl(windowRef, &contentView);

     QMacNativeWidget *nativeWidget = new QMacNativeWidget();
     nativeWidget->move(0, 0);
     nativeWidget->setPalette(QPalette(Qt::red));
     nativeWidget->setAutoFillBackground(true);
     QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout();
     QPushButton *pushButton = new QPushButton("An Embedded Qt Button!", nativeWidget);
     pushButton->setAttribute(Qt::WA_LayoutUsesWidgetRect); // Don't use the layout rect calculated from QMacStyle.
     layout->addWidget(pushButton);
     nativeWidget->setLayout(layout);
     HIViewRef nativeWidgetView = reinterpret_cast<HIViewRef>(nativeWidget->winId());
     // Add the nativeWidget to the window.
     HIViewAddSubview(contentView, nativeWidgetView);

     // Adjust Carbon layouts
     HILayoutInfo layoutInfo;
     layoutInfo.version = kHILayoutInfoVersionZero;
     HIViewGetLayoutInfo(nativeWidgetView, &layoutInfo);

     layoutInfo.binding.top.toView = contentView;
     layoutInfo.binding.top.kind = kHILayoutBindTop;
     layoutInfo.binding.left.toView = contentView;
     layoutInfo.binding.left.kind = kHILayoutBindLeft;
     layoutInfo.binding.right.toView = contentView;
     layoutInfo.binding.right.kind = kHILayoutBindRight;
     layoutInfo.binding.bottom.toView = contentView;
     layoutInfo.binding.bottom.kind = kHILayoutBindBottom;

     HIViewSetLayoutInfo(nativeWidgetView, &layoutInfo);
     HIViewApplyLayout(nativeWidgetView);

     pushButton->show();
     nativeWidget->show();
     // Show the window.
     ShowWindow(windowRef);

Note that QMacNativeWidget requires knowledge of Carbon or Cocoa. All it does is get the Qt hierarchy into a window not owned by Qt. It is then up to the programmer to ensure it is placed correctly in the window and responds correctly to events.


Member Function Documentation

QMacNativeWidget::QMacNativeWidget ( void * parentView = 0 )

Create a QMacNativeWidget with parentView as its "superview" (i.e., parent). The parentView is either an HIViewRef if Qt is using Carbon or a NSView pointer if Qt is using Cocoa.

QMacNativeWidget::~QMacNativeWidget ()

Destroy the QMacNativeWidget.

bool QMacNativeWidget::event ( QEvent * ev )   [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QObject::event().

QSize QMacNativeWidget::sizeHint () const   [virtual]

Reimplemented from QWidget::sizeHint().


Copyright © 2010 Nokia Corporation and/or its subsidiary(-ies) Trademarks
Qt 4.6.3