Qt for OS X
OS X is a UNIX platform and behaves similarly to other Unix-like platforms. The main difference is that X11 is not used as the windowing system. Instead, OS X uses its own native windowing system that is accessible through the Cocoa API. Application development on OS X is done using Xcode, which is available from https://developer.apple.com/xcode/.
Downloading and Installing Qt
There are two ways to install Qt:
- through the Qt Installers - downloads and installs Qt
- through the Qt sources.
Building Qt 5 from Source
Below, you will find more information about building Qt from source.
- Qt for OS X - Building from Source - building and installing from source
Note: Qt 5 uses Cocoa, therefore, building for Carbon is not possible.
OS X Versions
OS X 10.7 "Lion" and 10.8 "Mountain Lion" are considered reference configurations, meaning they are tested by a continuous integration (CI) system. Qt 5 applications may be deployed to Mac OS X versions 10.6 "Snow Leopard", but support is limited.
Qt can be built for either x86 or x86_64. 64-bit is used by default. To select a 32-bit build, use the
macx-g++32 mkspec. This is selectable at configure time:
./configure -platform macx-clang-32
The Qt build system does not support building unversal binaries directly. Instead, use the
lipo tool to glue two Qt builds together.
Note: Qt 5 does not support OS X on PowerPC.
Note: Static builds are not tested.
Additional Command-Line Options
On the command-line, applications can be built using
qmake can generate project files for Xcode with
-spec macx-xcode. If you are using the binary package,
qmake generates Xcode projects by default; use
-spec macx-gcc to generate makefiles. For example:
qmake -spec macx-xcode project.pro
-spec macx-xcode generates an Xcode project file from project.pro. With qmake you do not have to worry about rules for Qt's preprocessors (moc and uic) since qmake automatically handles them and ensures that everything necessary is linked into your application.
Qt does not entirely interact with the development environment (for example plugins to set a file to "mocable" from within the Xcode user interface).
The result of the build process is an application bundle, which is a directory structure that contains the actual application executable. The application can be launched by double-clicking it in Finder, or by referring directly to its executable from the command line, for example,
If you wish to have a command-line tool that does not use the GUI for example,
ls, you can tell qmake to disable bundle creation from the
CONFIG variable in the project file:
CONFIG -= app_bundle
Deploying Applications on OS X
In general, Qt supports building on one OS X version and deploying to earlier or later OS X versions. You can build on 10.7 Lion and run the same binary on 10.6. The recommended way is to build on the latest version and deploy to an earlier OS X version.
OS X applications are typically deployed as self-contained application bundles. The application bundle contains the application executable as well as dependencies such as the Qt libraries, plugins, translations and other resources you may need. Third party libraries like Qt are normally not installed system-wide; each application provides its own copy.
A common way to distribute applications is to provide a compressed disk image (.dmg file) that the user can mount in Finder. The deployment tool,
macdeployqt (available from the OS X installers), can be used to create the self-contained bundles, and optionally also create a .dmg archive. Applications can also be distributed through the Mac App Store. Qt 5 aims to stay within the app store sandbox rules. macdeployqt (bin/macdeployqt) can be used as a starting point for app store deployment.
OS X Issues
The page below covers specific issues and recommendations for creating OS X applications.
Where to Go from Here
We invite you to explore the rest of Qt. We prepared overviews to help you decide which APIs to use and our examples demonstrate how to use our API.
- Qt Overviews - list of topics about application development
- Examples and Tutorials - code samples and tutorials
- Qt Reference Pages - a listing of C++ and QML APIs
Qt's vibrant and active community site, http://qt.io houses a wiki, a forum, and additional learning guides and presentations.
© 2016 The Qt Company Ltd. Documentation contributions included herein are the copyrights of their respective owners. The documentation provided herein is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License version 1.3 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Qt and respective logos are trademarks of The Qt Company Ltd. in Finland and/or other countries worldwide. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.