Qt SCXML Invoke Example (Static)

Invoke Example (Static) demonstrates how to use the <invoke> element with generated nested state-machines, where the SCXML file is compiled to a C++ class. The <invoke> element is used to create an instance of an external service.

Running the Example

To run the example from Qt Creator, open the Welcome mode and select the example from Examples. For more information, visit Building and Running an Example.

Invoking the State Machine

In statemachine.scxml, we specify a state machine with the name Directions of type http://www.w3.org/TR/scxml/ to invoke:

<!-- enable-qt-mode: yes -->
<scxml
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/07/scxml"
    version="1.0"
    name="Directions"
    initial="anyplace"
>
    <state id="anyplace">
        <transition event="goNowhere" target="nowhere"/>
        <transition event="goSomewhere" target="somewhere"/>

        <state id="nowhere"/>
        <state id="somewhere">
            <invoke type="http://www.w3.org/TR/scxml/">
                <content>
                    <scxml name="anywhere" version="1.0">
                        <state id="here">
                            <transition event="goThere" target="there"/>
                        </state>
                        <state id="there">
                            <transition event="goHere" target="here"/>
                        </state>
                    </scxml>
                </content>
            </invoke>
        </state>
    </state>
</scxml>

Compiling the State Machine

We link against the Qt SCXML module by adding the following line to the invoke-static.pro file:

QT += qml scxml

We then specify the state machine to compile:

STATECHARTS = ../invoke-common/statemachine.scxml

We also tell qmake to run qscxmlc, which generates statemachine.h and statemachine.cpp, and adds them to the HEADERS and SOURCES variables for compilation:

load(qscxmlc)

Instantiating the State Machine

We instantiate the generated Directions class in the invoke-static.cpp file, as follows:

#include "statemachine.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    QGuiApplication app(argc, argv);

    qmlRegisterType<Directions>("Directions", 1, 0, "Directions");

    QQmlApplicationEngine engine;
    engine.load(QUrl(QStringLiteral("qrc:/invoke-static.qml")));
    if (engine.rootObjects().isEmpty())
        return -1;

    return app.exec();
}

Files:

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