Map Viewer (QML)

Map Viewer example shows how to display and interact with a map, search for an address, and find driving directions

The Map Viewer example shows how to display and interact with a map, search for an address, and find driving directions.

This is a large example covering many basic uses of maps, positioning, and navigation services in Qt Location. This page is divided into sections covering each of these areas of functionality with snippets from the code.

Running the Example

To run the example from Qt Creator , open the Welcome mode and select the example from Examples . For more information, visit Building and Running an Example.

The example can work with any of the available geo services plugins. However, some plugins may require additional plugin parameters in order to function correctly. Plugin parameters can be passed on the command line using the --plugin argument, which takes the form:

--plugin.<parameter name> <parameter value>

Refer to the documentation for each of the geo services plugins for details on what plugin parameters they support. The default plugin used by this example is Qt Location Open Street Map Plugin , which does not require any parameters.

Overview

QML types shown in this example:

Displaying a Map

Drawing a map on-screen is accomplished using the Map type, as shown below.

Map {
    id: map
    zoomLevel: (maximumZoomLevel - minimumZoomLevel)/2
    center {
        // The Qt Company in Oslo
        latitude: 59.9485
        longitude: 10.7686
    }
}

In this example, we give the map an initial center coordinate with a set latitude and longitude. We also set the initial zoom level to 50% (halfway between the maximum and minimum).

Finding an Address (Geocoding)

To locate a certain address or place on the map uses a process called geocoding. In order to perform a geocode operation, we first need to adjust our Map object to be able to receive the result.

Receiving results of geocoding is done through a GeocodeModel :

GeocodeModel {
    id: geocodeModel
    plugin: map.plugin
    onStatusChanged: {
        if ((status == GeocodeModel.Ready) || (status == GeocodeModel.Error))
            map.geocodeFinished()
    }
    onLocationsChanged:
    {
        if (count == 1) {
            map.center.latitude = get(0).coordinate.latitude
            map.center.longitude = get(0).coordinate.longitude
        }
    }
}

To display the contents of the GeocodeModel we use a MapItemView :

MapItemView {
    model: geocodeModel
    delegate: pointDelegate
}

MapItemView uses an object called a “delegate” to act as a template for the items it creates. This can contain any map object desired, but in this case we show a MapCircle :

Component {
    id: pointDelegate

    MapCircle {
        id: point
        radius: 1000
        color: "#46a2da"
        border.color: "#190a33"
        border.width: 2
        smooth: true
        opacity: 0.25
        center: locationData.coordinate
    }
}

With these three objects, we have enough to receive Geocode responses and display them on our Map. The final piece is to send the actual Geocode request.

To send a geocode request, first we create an Address object, and fill it in with the desired parameters.

Address {
    id :fromAddress
    street: "Sandakerveien 116"
    city: "Oslo"
    country: "Norway"
    state : ""
    postalCode: "0484"
}

Then we set “geocodeModel.query” to the filled in Address , and call update() on the GeocodeModel .

// send the geocode request
geocodeModel.query = fromAddress
geocodeModel.update()

Directions and Travel Routes

Similar to the GeocodeModel , Qt Location also features the RouteModel type, which allows information about routes (for example driving directions) between two or more points, to be received and used with a Map.

Here again, we instantiate the RouteModel as a property of our Map:

RouteModel {
    id: routeModel
    plugin : map.plugin
    query:  RouteQuery {
        id: routeQuery
    }
    onStatusChanged: {
        if (status == RouteModel.Ready) {
            switch (count) {
            case 0:
                // technically not an error
                map.routeError()
                break
            case 1:
                map.showRouteList()
                break
            }
        } else if (status == RouteModel.Error) {
            map.routeError()
        }
    }
}

To display the contents of a model to the user, we need a view. Once again we will use a MapItemView , to display the Routes as objects on the Map:

MapItemView {
    model: routeModel
    delegate: routeDelegate
}

To act as a template for the objects we wish the view to create, we create a delegate component:

Component {
    id: routeDelegate

    MapRoute {
        id: route
        route: routeData
        line.color: "#46a2da"
        line.width: 5
        smooth: true
        opacity: 0.8
    }
}

With the model, view and delegate now complete, the only missing component is some kind of control over the model to begin the Route request process. In the simplest case, we can fill out a Route request using two already available coordinates :

property variant fromCoordinate: QtPositioning.coordinate(59.9483, 10.7695)
property variant toCoordinate: QtPositioning.coordinate(59.9645, 10.671)

In the next snippet, we show how to set up the request object and instruct the model to update. We also instruct the map to center on the start coordinate for our routing request.

// clear away any old data in the query
routeQuery.clearWaypoints();

// add the start and end coords as waypoints on the route
routeQuery.addWaypoint(startCoordinate)
routeQuery.addWaypoint(endCoordinate)
routeQuery.travelModes = RouteQuery.CarTravel
routeQuery.routeOptimizations = RouteQuery.FastestRoute

routeModel.update();

// center the map on the start coord
map.center = startCoordinate;

This is all that is required to display a Route on the Map. However, it is also useful to be able to retrieve the written directions and explanation of the travel route. In the example, these are displayed in a ListView element. To create this content, we use a standard ListModel and ListView pair. The data in the ListModel is built from the routeModel’s output:

ListView {
    interactive: true
    model: ListModel { id: routeInfoModel }
    header: RouteListHeader {}
    delegate:  RouteListDelegate{
        routeIndex.text: index + 1
        routeInstruction.text: instruction
        routeDistance.text: distance
    }
}

Inside the RouteModel , as you can see above, we add an onStatusChanged handler, which calls the showRouteList() which updates the routeInfoModel :

routeInfoModel.clear()
if (routeModel.count > 0) {
    for (var i = 0; i < routeModel.get(0).segments.length; i++) {
        routeInfoModel.append({
            "instruction": routeModel.get(0).segments[i].maneuver.instructionText,
             "distance": Helper.formatDistance(routeModel.get(0).segments[i].maneuver.distanceToNextInstruction)
        });
    }
}

helper.js Example File

mapviewer.qml Example File

Geocode.qml Example File

GeocodeForm.ui.qml Example File

Locale.qml Example File

LocaleForm.ui.qml Example File

Message.qml Example File

MessageForm.ui.qml Example File

ReverseGeocode.qml Example File

ReverseGeocodeForm.ui.qml Example File

RouteAddress.qml Example File

RouteAddressForm.ui.qml Example File

RouteCoordinate.qml Example File

RouteCoordinateForm.ui.qml Example File

RouteList.qml Example File

RouteListDelegate.qml Example File

RouteListHeader.qml Example File

CircleItem.qml Example File

ImageItem.qml Example File

MapComponent.qml Example File

MapSliders.qml Example File

Marker.qml Example File

MiniMap.qml Example File

PolygonItem.qml Example File

PolylineItem.qml Example File

RectangleItem.qml Example File

ItemPopupMenu.qml Example File

MapPopupMenu.qml Example File

MarkerPopupMenu.qml Example File

main.cpp Example File

mapviewer.pro Example File

mapviewer.qrc Example File

icon.png Image File

marker.png Image File

scale.png Image File

scale_end.png Image File