Multiple Inheritance Example

Using a form created with Qt Designer in an application

Using a form created with Qt Designer in an application.

The Multiple Inheritance Example shows how to use a form created with Qt Designer in an application by subclassing both QWidget and the user interface class, which is Ui::CalculatorForm .

To subclass the calculatorform.ui file and ensure that qmake processes it with the uic , we have to include calculatorform.ui in the .pro file, as shown below:

<Code snippet "multipleinheritance/multipleinheritance.pro:0" not found>

When the project is compiled, the uic will generate a corresponding ui_calculatorform.h .

CalculatorForm Definition

In the CalculatorForm definition, we include the ui_calculatorform.h that was generated earlier.

#include "ui_calculatorform.h"

As mentioned earlier, the class is a subclass of both QWidget and Ui::CalculatorForm .

class CalculatorForm : public QWidget, private Ui::CalculatorForm
{
    Q_OBJECT

public:
    explicit CalculatorForm(QWidget *parent = nullptr);

private slots:
    void on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged(int value);
    void on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(int value);
};

Two slots are defined according to the automatic connection naming convention required by uic . This is to ensure that QMetaObject ‘s auto-connection facilities connect all the signals and slots involved automatically.

CalculatorForm Implementation

In the constructor, we call setupUi() to load the user interface file. Note that setupUi is a method of Ui::CalculatorForm .

CalculatorForm::CalculatorForm(QWidget *parent)
    : QWidget(parent)
{
    setupUi(this);
}

We include two slots, on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged() and on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged() . These slots respond to the valueChanged() signal that both spin boxes emit. Whenever there is a change in one spin box’s value, we take that value and add it to whatever value the other spin box has.

void CalculatorForm::on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged(int value)
{
    outputWidget->setText(QString::number(value + inputSpinBox2->value()));
}

void CalculatorForm::on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(int value)
{
    outputWidget->setText(QString::number(value + inputSpinBox1->value()));
}

main()

Function

The main() function instantiates QApplication and CalculatorForm . The calculator object is displayed by invoking the show() function.

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    QApplication app(argc, argv);
    CalculatorForm calculator;
    calculator.show();
    return app.exec();
}

There are various approaches to include forms into applications. The Multiple Inheritance approach is just one of them. See Using a Designer UI File in Your Application for more information on the other approaches available.

calculatorform.cpp Example File

calculatorform.h Example File

calculatorform.ui Example File

main.cpp Example File

multipleinheritance.pro Example File