com.trolltech.qt.gui
Class QPushButton

java.lang.Object
  extended by com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
      extended by com.trolltech.qt.QSignalEmitter
          extended by com.trolltech.qt.QtJambiObject
              extended by com.trolltech.qt.core.QObject
                  extended by com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
                      extended by com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractButton
                          extended by com.trolltech.qt.gui.QPushButton
All Implemented Interfaces:
QPaintDeviceInterface, QtJambiInterface
Direct Known Subclasses:
QCommandLinkButton

public class QPushButton
extends QAbstractButton

The QPushButton widget provides a command button. The push button, or command button, is perhaps the most commonly used widget in any graphical user interface. Push (click) a button to command the computer to perform some action, or to answer a question. Typical buttons are OK, Apply, Cancel, Close, Yes, No and Help.

A command button is rectangular and typically displays a text label describing its action. A shortcut key can be specified by preceding the preferred character with an ampersand in the text. For example:

        QPushButton button = new QPushButton("Download");
In this example the shortcut is Alt+D. See the QShortcut documentation for details (to display an actual ampersand, use '&&').

Push buttons display a textual label, and optionally a small icon. These can be set using the constructors and changed later using setText() and setIcon(). If the button is disabled the appearance of the text and icon will be manipulated with respect to the GUI style to make the button look "disabled".

A push button emits the signal clicked() when it is activated by the mouse, the Spacebar or by a keyboard shortcut. Connect to this signal to perform the button's action. Push buttons also provide less commonly used signals, for example, pressed() and released() .

Command buttons in dialogs are by default auto-default buttons, i.e. they become the default push button automatically when they receive the keyboard input focus. A default button is a push button that is activated when the user presses the Enter or Return key in a dialog. You can change this with setAutoDefault(). Note that auto-default buttons reserve a little extra space which is necessary to draw a default-button indicator. If you do not want this space around your buttons, call setAutoDefault(false).

Being so central, the button widget has grown to accommodate a great many variations in the past decade. The Microsoft style guide now shows about ten different states of Windows push buttons and the text implies that there are dozens more when all the combinations of features are taken into consideration.

The most important modes or states are:

As a general rule, use a push button when the application or dialog window performs an action when the user clicks on it (such as Apply, Cancel, Close and Help) and when the widget is supposed to have a wide, rectangular shape with a text label. Small, typically square buttons that change the state of the window rather than performing an action (such as the buttons in the top-right corner of the QFileDialog) are not command buttons, but tool buttons. Qt provides a special class (QToolButton) for these buttons.

If you need toggle behavior (see setCheckable()) or a button that auto-repeats the activation signal when being pushed down like the arrows in a scroll bar (see setAutoRepeat()), a command button is probably not what you want. When in doubt, use a tool button.

A variation of a command button is a menu button. These provide not just one command, but several, since when they are clicked they pop up a menu of options. Use the method setMenu() to associate a popup menu with a push button.

Other classes of buttons are option buttons (see QRadioButton) and check boxes (see QCheckBox).



A push button shown in the Macintosh widget style.

Note that when a button's width becomes smaller than 50 or its height becomes smaller than 30, the button's corners are changed from round to square. Use the setMinimumSize() function to prevent this behavior.



A push button shown in the Windows XP widget style.


A push button shown in the Plastique widget style.
In Qt, the QAbstractButton base class provides most of the modes and other API, and QPushButton provides GUI logic. See QAbstractButton for more information about the API.

See also:
QToolButton, QRadioButton, QCheckBox, and GUI Design Handbook: Push Button.


Nested Class Summary
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
QWidget.RenderFlag, QWidget.RenderFlags
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.QSignalEmitter
QSignalEmitter.AbstractSignal, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal0, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal1, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal2, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal3, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal4, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal5, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal6, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal7, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal8, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal9, QSignalEmitter.Signal0, QSignalEmitter.Signal1, QSignalEmitter.Signal2, QSignalEmitter.Signal3, QSignalEmitter.Signal4, QSignalEmitter.Signal5, QSignalEmitter.Signal6, QSignalEmitter.Signal7, QSignalEmitter.Signal8, QSignalEmitter.Signal9
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal.AbstractSignalInternal
 
Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractButton
clicked, pressed, released, toggled
 
Fields inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
customContextMenuRequested
 
Fields inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
currentSender
 
Constructor Summary
QPushButton()
          Constructs a push button with no text and a parent.
QPushButton(QIcon icon, java.lang.String text)
          Constructs a push button with an icon and a text, and a parent.
QPushButton(QIcon icon, java.lang.String text, QWidget parent)
          Constructs a push button with an icon and a text, and a parent.
QPushButton(QWidget parent)
          Constructs a push button with no text and a parent.
QPushButton(java.lang.String text)
          Constructs a push button with the parent parent and the text text.
QPushButton(java.lang.String text, QWidget parent)
          Constructs a push button with the parent parent and the text text.
 
Method Summary
 boolean autoDefault()
          This property holds whether the push button is an auto default button.
protected  void initStyleOption(QStyleOptionButton option)
          Initialize option with the values from this QPushButton.
 boolean isDefault()
          This property holds whether the push button is the default button.
 boolean isFlat()
          This property holds whether the button border is raised.
 QMenu menu()
          Returns the button's associated popup menu or 0 if no popup menu has been set.
 void setAutoDefault(boolean arg__1)
          This property holds whether the push button is an auto default button.
 void setDefault(boolean arg__1)
          This property holds whether the push button is the default button.
 void setFlat(boolean arg__1)
          This property holds whether the button border is raised.
 void setMenu(QMenu menu)
          Associates the popup menu menu with this push button.
 void showMenu()
          Shows (pops up) the associated popup menu.
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractButton
animateClick, animateClick, autoExclusive, autoRepeat, autoRepeatDelay, autoRepeatInterval, checkStateSet, click, group, hitButton, icon, iconSize, isCheckable, isChecked, isDown, nextCheckState, setAutoExclusive, setAutoRepeat, setAutoRepeatDelay, setAutoRepeatInterval, setCheckable, setChecked, setDown, setIcon, setIconSize, setShortcut, setShortcut, setShortcut, setText, shortcut, text, toggle
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
acceptDrops, accessibleDescription, accessibleName, actionEvent, actions, activateWindow, addAction, addActions, adjustSize, autoFillBackground, backgroundRole, baseSize, changeEvent, childAt, childAt, childrenRect, childrenRegion, clearFocus, clearMask, close, closeEvent, contentsRect, contextMenuEvent, contextMenuPolicy, cursor, depth, destroy, destroy, destroy, dragEnterEvent, dragLeaveEvent, dragMoveEvent, dropEvent, effectiveWinId, ensurePolished, enterEvent, focusInEvent, focusNextChild, focusNextPrevChild, focusOutEvent, focusPolicy, focusPreviousChild, focusProxy, focusWidget, font, fontInfo, fontMetrics, foregroundRole, frameGeometry, frameSize, geometry, getContentsMargins, grabKeyboard, grabMouse, grabMouse, grabShortcut, grabShortcut, graphicsProxyWidget, hasFocus, hasMouseTracking, height, heightForWidth, heightMM, hide, hideEvent, inputContext, inputMethodEvent, inputMethodQuery, insertAction, insertActions, isActiveWindow, isAncestorOf, isEnabled, isEnabledTo, isFullScreen, isHidden, isMaximized, isMinimized, isModal, isVisible, isVisibleTo, isWindow, isWindowModified, keyboardGrabber, keyPressEvent, keyReleaseEvent, languageChange, layout, layoutDirection, leaveEvent, locale, logicalDpiX, logicalDpiY, lower, mapFrom, mapFromGlobal, mapFromParent, mapTo, mapToGlobal, mapToParent, mask, maximumHeight, maximumSize, maximumWidth, metric, minimumHeight, minimumSize, minimumSizeHint, minimumWidth, mouseDoubleClickEvent, mouseGrabber, mouseMoveEvent, mousePressEvent, mouseReleaseEvent, move, move, moveEvent, nativeParentWidget, nextInFocusChain, normalGeometry, numColors, overrideWindowFlags, overrideWindowFlags, overrideWindowState, paintEngine, paintEvent, paintingActive, palette, parentWidget, physicalDpiX, physicalDpiY, pos, raise, rect, releaseKeyboard, releaseMouse, releaseShortcut, removeAction, render, render, render, render, render, render, render, render, render, repaint, repaint, repaint, repaint, resetInputContext, resize, resize, resizeEvent, restoreGeometry, saveGeometry, scroll, scroll, setAcceptDrops, setAccessibleDescription, setAccessibleName, setAttribute, setAttribute, setAutoFillBackground, setBackgroundRole, setBaseSize, setBaseSize, setContentsMargins, setContentsMargins, setContextMenuPolicy, setCursor, setDisabled, setEnabled, setFixedHeight, setFixedSize, setFixedSize, setFixedWidth, setFocus, setFocus, setFocusPolicy, setFocusProxy, setFont, setForegroundRole, setGeometry, setGeometry, setHidden, setInputContext, setLayout, setLayoutDirection, setLocale, setMask, setMask, setMaximumHeight, setMaximumSize, setMaximumSize, setMaximumWidth, setMinimumHeight, setMinimumSize, setMinimumSize, setMinimumWidth, setMouseTracking, setPalette, setParent, setParent, setParent, setShortcutAutoRepeat, setShortcutAutoRepeat, setShortcutEnabled, setShortcutEnabled, setSizeIncrement, setSizeIncrement, setSizePolicy, setSizePolicy, setStatusTip, setStyle, setStyleSheet, setTabOrder, setToolTip, setUpdatesEnabled, setVisible, setWhatsThis, setWindowFilePath, setWindowFlags, setWindowFlags, setWindowIcon, setWindowIconText, setWindowModality, setWindowModified, setWindowOpacity, setWindowRole, setWindowState, setWindowState, setWindowTitle, show, showEvent, showFullScreen, showMaximized, showMinimized, showNormal, size, sizeHint, sizeIncrement, sizePolicy, stackUnder, statusTip, style, styleSheet, tabletEvent, testAttribute, toolTip, underMouse, unsetCursor, unsetLayoutDirection, unsetLocale, update, update, update, update, updateGeometry, updateMicroFocus, updatesEnabled, visibleRegion, whatsThis, wheelEvent, width, widthMM, window, windowFilePath, windowFlags, windowIcon, windowIconText, windowModality, windowOpacity, windowRole, windowState, windowTitle, windowType, winId, x, y
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.core.QObject
childEvent, children, connectSlotsByName, customEvent, disposeLater, dumpObjectInfo, dumpObjectTree, dynamicPropertyNames, event, eventFilter, findChild, findChild, findChild, findChildren, findChildren, findChildren, findChildren, indexOfProperty, installEventFilter, isWidgetType, killTimer, moveToThread, objectName, parent, properties, property, removeEventFilter, setObjectName, setParent, setProperty, startTimer, timerEvent, toString, userProperty
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.QtJambiObject
dispose, disposed, equals, finalize, reassignNativeResources, tr, tr, tr
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.QSignalEmitter
blockSignals, disconnect, disconnect, signalsBlocked, signalSender, thread
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
__qt_signalInitialization
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface com.trolltech.qt.QtJambiInterface
disableGarbageCollection, nativeId, nativePointer, reenableGarbageCollection, setJavaOwnership
 

Constructor Detail

QPushButton

public QPushButton()
Constructs a push button with no text and a parent.


QPushButton

public QPushButton(QWidget parent)
Constructs a push button with no text and a parent.


QPushButton

public QPushButton(QIcon icon,
                   java.lang.String text)
Constructs a push button with an icon and a text, and a parent.

Note that you can also pass a QPixmap object as an icon (thanks to the implicit type conversion provided by C++).


QPushButton

public QPushButton(QIcon icon,
                   java.lang.String text,
                   QWidget parent)
Constructs a push button with an icon and a text, and a parent.

Note that you can also pass a QPixmap object as an icon (thanks to the implicit type conversion provided by C++).


QPushButton

public QPushButton(java.lang.String text)
Constructs a push button with the parent parent and the text text.


QPushButton

public QPushButton(java.lang.String text,
                   QWidget parent)
Constructs a push button with the parent parent and the text text.

Method Detail

autoDefault

public final boolean autoDefault()
This property holds whether the push button is an auto default button. If this property is set to true then the push button is an auto default button.

In some GUI styles a default button is drawn with an extra frame around it, up to 3 pixels or more. Qt automatically keeps this space free around auto-default buttons, i.e. auto-default buttons may have a slightly larger size hint.

This property's default is true for buttons that have a QDialog parent; otherwise it defaults to false.

See the default property for details of how default and auto-default interact.


isDefault

public final boolean isDefault()
This property holds whether the push button is the default button. Default and autodefault buttons decide what happens when the user presses enter in a dialog.

A button with this property set to true (i.e., the dialog's default button,) will automatically be pressed when the user presses enter, with one exception: if an autoDefault button currently has focus, the autoDefault button is pressed. When the dialog has autoDefault buttons but no default button, pressing enter will press either the autoDefault button that currently has focus, or if no button has focus, the next autoDefault button in the focus chain.

In a dialog, only one push button at a time can be the default button. This button is then displayed with an additional frame (depending on the GUI style).

The default button behavior is provided only in dialogs. Buttons can always be clicked from the keyboard by pressing Spacebar when the button has focus.

If the default property is set to false on the current default button while the dialog is visible, a new default will automatically be assigned the next time a pushbutton in the dialog receives focus.

This property's default is false.


isFlat

public final boolean isFlat()
This property holds whether the button border is raised. This property's default is false. If this property is set, most styles will not paint the button background unless the button is being pressed. setAutoFillBackground() can be used to ensure that the background is filled using the QPalette::Button brush.


menu

public final QMenu menu()
Returns the button's associated popup menu or 0 if no popup menu has been set.

See also:
setMenu().


setAutoDefault

public final void setAutoDefault(boolean arg__1)
This property holds whether the push button is an auto default button. If this property is set to true then the push button is an auto default button.

In some GUI styles a default button is drawn with an extra frame around it, up to 3 pixels or more. Qt automatically keeps this space free around auto-default buttons, i.e. auto-default buttons may have a slightly larger size hint.

This property's default is true for buttons that have a QDialog parent; otherwise it defaults to false.

See the default property for details of how default and auto-default interact.


setDefault

public final void setDefault(boolean arg__1)
This property holds whether the push button is the default button. Default and autodefault buttons decide what happens when the user presses enter in a dialog.

A button with this property set to true (i.e., the dialog's default button,) will automatically be pressed when the user presses enter, with one exception: if an autoDefault button currently has focus, the autoDefault button is pressed. When the dialog has autoDefault buttons but no default button, pressing enter will press either the autoDefault button that currently has focus, or if no button has focus, the next autoDefault button in the focus chain.

In a dialog, only one push button at a time can be the default button. This button is then displayed with an additional frame (depending on the GUI style).

The default button behavior is provided only in dialogs. Buttons can always be clicked from the keyboard by pressing Spacebar when the button has focus.

If the default property is set to false on the current default button while the dialog is visible, a new default will automatically be assigned the next time a pushbutton in the dialog receives focus.

This property's default is false.


setFlat

public final void setFlat(boolean arg__1)
This property holds whether the button border is raised. This property's default is false. If this property is set, most styles will not paint the button background unless the button is being pressed. setAutoFillBackground() can be used to ensure that the background is filled using the QPalette::Button brush.


setMenu

public final void setMenu(QMenu menu)
Associates the popup menu menu with this push button. This turns the button into a menu button, which in some styles will produce a small triangle to the right of the button's text.

Ownership of the menu is not transferred to the push button.





Push buttons with popup menus shown in the Plastique widget style (left) and Cleanlooks widget style (right).

See also:
menu().


showMenu

public final void showMenu()
Shows (pops up) the associated popup menu. If there is no such menu, this function does nothing. This function does not return until the popup menu has been closed by the user.


initStyleOption

protected final void initStyleOption(QStyleOptionButton option)
Initialize option with the values from this QPushButton. This method is useful for subclasses when they need a QStyleOptionButton, but don't want to fill in all the information themselves.