com.trolltech.qt.gui
Class QScrollBar

java.lang.Object
  extended by com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
      extended by com.trolltech.qt.QSignalEmitter
          extended by com.trolltech.qt.QtJambiObject
              extended by com.trolltech.qt.core.QObject
                  extended by com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
                      extended by com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractSlider
                          extended by com.trolltech.qt.gui.QScrollBar
All Implemented Interfaces:
QPaintDeviceInterface, QtJambiInterface

public class QScrollBar
extends QAbstractSlider

The QScrollBar widget provides a vertical or horizontal scroll bar. A scroll bar is a control that enables the user to access parts of a document that is larger than the widget used to display it. It provides a visual indication of the user's current position within the document and the amount of the document that is visible. Scroll bars are usually equipped with other controls that enable more accurate navigation. Qt displays scroll bars in a way that is appropriate for each platform.

If you need to provide a scrolling view onto another widget, it may be more convenient to use the QScrollArea class because this provides a viewport widget and scroll bars. QScrollBar is useful if you need to implement similar functionality for specialized widgets using QAbstractScrollArea; for example, if you decide to subclass QAbstractItemView. For most other situations where a slider control is used to obtain a value within a given range, the QSlider class may be more appropriate for your needs.



Scroll bars typically include four separate controls: a slider, scroll arrows, and a page control.
  • a. The slider provides a way to quickly go to any part of the document, but does not support accurate navigation within large documents.
  • b. The scroll arrows are push buttons which can be used to accurately navigate to a particular place in a document. For a vertical scroll bar connected to a text editor, these typically move the current position one "line" up or down, and adjust the position of the slider by a small amount. In editors and list boxes a "line" might mean one line of text; in an image viewer it might mean 20 pixels.
  • c. The page control is the area over which the slider is dragged (the scroll bar's background). Clicking here moves the scroll bar towards the click by one "page". This value is usually the same as the length of the slider.
Each scroll bar has a value that indicates how far the slider is from the start of the scroll bar; this is obtained with value() and set with setValue(). This value always lies within the range of values defined for the scroll bar, from minimum() to maximum() inclusive. The range of acceptable values can be set with setMinimum() and setMaximum(). At the minimum value, the top edge of the slider (for a vertical scroll bar) or left edge (for a horizontal scroll bar) will be at the top (or left) end of the scroll bar. At the maximum value, the bottom (or right) edge of the slider will be at the bottom (or right) end of the scroll bar.

The length of the slider is usually related to the value of the page step, and typically represents the proportion of the document area shown in a scrolling view. The page step is the amount that the value changes by when the user presses the Page Up and Page Down keys, and is set with setPageStep(). Smaller changes to the value defined by the line step are made using the cursor keys, and this quantity is set with setSingleStep().

Note that the range of values used is independent of the actual size of the scroll bar widget. You do not need to take this into account when you choose values for the range and the page step.

The range of values specified for the scroll bar are often determined differently to those for a QSlider because the length of the slider needs to be taken into account. If we have a document with 100 lines, and we can only show 20 lines in a widget, we may wish to construct a scroll bar with a page step of 20, a minimum value of 0, and a maximum value of 80. This would give us a scroll bar with five "pages".



The relationship between a document length, the range of values used in a scroll bar, and the page step is simple in many common situations. The scroll bar's range of values is determined by subtracting a chosen page step from some value representing the length of the document. In such cases, the following equation is useful:

document length = maximum() - minimum() + pageStep().

QScrollBar only provides integer ranges. Note that although QScrollBar handles very large numbers, scroll bars on current screens cannot usefully represent ranges above about 100,000 pixels. Beyond that, it becomes difficult for the user to control the slider using either the keyboard or the mouse, and the scroll arrows will have limited use.

ScrollBar inherits a comprehensive set of signals from QAbstractSlider:

A scroll bar can be controlled by the keyboard, but it has a default focusPolicy() of Qt::NoFocus . Use setFocusPolicy() to enable keyboard interaction with the scroll bar: The slider itself can be controlled by using the triggerAction() function to simulate user interaction with the scroll bar controls. This is useful if you have many different widgets that use a common range of values.

Most GUI styles use the pageStep() value to calculate the size of the slider.



A scroll bar shown in the Macintosh widget style.


A scroll bar shown in the Windows XP widget style.


A scroll bar shown in the Plastique widget style.

See also:
QScrollArea, QSlider, QDial, QSpinBox, GUI Design Handbook: Scroll Bar, and Sliders Example.


Nested Class Summary
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractSlider
QAbstractSlider.SliderAction, QAbstractSlider.SliderChange
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
QWidget.RenderFlag, QWidget.RenderFlags
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.QSignalEmitter
QSignalEmitter.AbstractSignal, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal0, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal1, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal2, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal3, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal4, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal5, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal6, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal7, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal8, QSignalEmitter.PrivateSignal9, QSignalEmitter.Signal0, QSignalEmitter.Signal1, QSignalEmitter.Signal2, QSignalEmitter.Signal3, QSignalEmitter.Signal4, QSignalEmitter.Signal5, QSignalEmitter.Signal6, QSignalEmitter.Signal7, QSignalEmitter.Signal8, QSignalEmitter.Signal9
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal.AbstractSignalInternal
 
Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractSlider
actionTriggered, rangeChanged, sliderMoved, sliderPressed, sliderReleased, valueChanged
 
Fields inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
customContextMenuRequested
 
Fields inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
currentSender
 
Constructor Summary
QScrollBar()
          Constructs a vertical scroll bar.
QScrollBar(Qt.Orientation arg__1)
          Constructs a scroll bar with the given orientation.
QScrollBar(Qt.Orientation arg__1, QWidget parent)
          Constructs a scroll bar with the given orientation.
QScrollBar(QWidget parent)
          Constructs a vertical scroll bar.
 
Method Summary
protected  void initStyleOption(QStyleOptionSlider option)
          Initialize option with the values from this QScrollBar.
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QAbstractSlider
hasTracking, invertedAppearance, invertedControls, isSliderDown, maximum, minimum, orientation, pageStep, repeatAction, setInvertedAppearance, setInvertedControls, setMaximum, setMinimum, setOrientation, setPageStep, setRange, setRepeatAction, setRepeatAction, setRepeatAction, setSingleStep, setSliderDown, setSliderPosition, setTracking, setValue, singleStep, sliderChange, sliderPosition, triggerAction, value
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.gui.QWidget
acceptDrops, accessibleDescription, accessibleName, actionEvent, actions, activateWindow, addAction, addActions, adjustSize, autoFillBackground, backgroundRole, baseSize, changeEvent, childAt, childAt, childrenRect, childrenRegion, clearFocus, clearMask, close, closeEvent, contentsRect, contextMenuEvent, contextMenuPolicy, cursor, depth, destroy, destroy, destroy, dragEnterEvent, dragLeaveEvent, dragMoveEvent, dropEvent, effectiveWinId, ensurePolished, enterEvent, focusInEvent, focusNextChild, focusNextPrevChild, focusOutEvent, focusPolicy, focusPreviousChild, focusProxy, focusWidget, font, fontInfo, fontMetrics, foregroundRole, frameGeometry, frameSize, geometry, getContentsMargins, grabKeyboard, grabMouse, grabMouse, grabShortcut, grabShortcut, graphicsProxyWidget, hasFocus, hasMouseTracking, height, heightForWidth, heightMM, hide, hideEvent, inputContext, inputMethodEvent, inputMethodQuery, insertAction, insertActions, isActiveWindow, isAncestorOf, isEnabled, isEnabledTo, isFullScreen, isHidden, isMaximized, isMinimized, isModal, isVisible, isVisibleTo, isWindow, isWindowModified, keyboardGrabber, keyPressEvent, keyReleaseEvent, languageChange, layout, layoutDirection, leaveEvent, locale, logicalDpiX, logicalDpiY, lower, mapFrom, mapFromGlobal, mapFromParent, mapTo, mapToGlobal, mapToParent, mask, maximumHeight, maximumSize, maximumWidth, metric, minimumHeight, minimumSize, minimumSizeHint, minimumWidth, mouseDoubleClickEvent, mouseGrabber, mouseMoveEvent, mousePressEvent, mouseReleaseEvent, move, move, moveEvent, nativeParentWidget, nextInFocusChain, normalGeometry, numColors, overrideWindowFlags, overrideWindowFlags, overrideWindowState, paintEngine, paintEvent, paintingActive, palette, parentWidget, physicalDpiX, physicalDpiY, pos, raise, rect, releaseKeyboard, releaseMouse, releaseShortcut, removeAction, render, render, render, render, render, render, render, render, render, repaint, repaint, repaint, repaint, resetInputContext, resize, resize, resizeEvent, restoreGeometry, saveGeometry, scroll, scroll, setAcceptDrops, setAccessibleDescription, setAccessibleName, setAttribute, setAttribute, setAutoFillBackground, setBackgroundRole, setBaseSize, setBaseSize, setContentsMargins, setContentsMargins, setContextMenuPolicy, setCursor, setDisabled, setEnabled, setFixedHeight, setFixedSize, setFixedSize, setFixedWidth, setFocus, setFocus, setFocusPolicy, setFocusProxy, setFont, setForegroundRole, setGeometry, setGeometry, setHidden, setInputContext, setLayout, setLayoutDirection, setLocale, setMask, setMask, setMaximumHeight, setMaximumSize, setMaximumSize, setMaximumWidth, setMinimumHeight, setMinimumSize, setMinimumSize, setMinimumWidth, setMouseTracking, setPalette, setParent, setParent, setParent, setShortcutAutoRepeat, setShortcutAutoRepeat, setShortcutEnabled, setShortcutEnabled, setSizeIncrement, setSizeIncrement, setSizePolicy, setSizePolicy, setStatusTip, setStyle, setStyleSheet, setTabOrder, setToolTip, setUpdatesEnabled, setVisible, setWhatsThis, setWindowFilePath, setWindowFlags, setWindowFlags, setWindowIcon, setWindowIconText, setWindowModality, setWindowModified, setWindowOpacity, setWindowRole, setWindowState, setWindowState, setWindowTitle, show, showEvent, showFullScreen, showMaximized, showMinimized, showNormal, size, sizeHint, sizeIncrement, sizePolicy, stackUnder, statusTip, style, styleSheet, tabletEvent, testAttribute, toolTip, underMouse, unsetCursor, unsetLayoutDirection, unsetLocale, update, update, update, update, updateGeometry, updateMicroFocus, updatesEnabled, visibleRegion, whatsThis, wheelEvent, width, widthMM, window, windowFilePath, windowFlags, windowIcon, windowIconText, windowModality, windowOpacity, windowRole, windowState, windowTitle, windowType, winId, x, y
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.core.QObject
childEvent, children, connectSlotsByName, customEvent, disposeLater, dumpObjectInfo, dumpObjectTree, dynamicPropertyNames, event, eventFilter, findChild, findChild, findChild, findChildren, findChildren, findChildren, findChildren, indexOfProperty, installEventFilter, isWidgetType, killTimer, moveToThread, objectName, parent, properties, property, removeEventFilter, setObjectName, setParent, setProperty, startTimer, timerEvent, toString, userProperty
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.QtJambiObject
dispose, disposed, equals, finalize, reassignNativeResources, tr, tr, tr
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.QSignalEmitter
blockSignals, disconnect, disconnect, signalsBlocked, signalSender, thread
 
Methods inherited from class com.trolltech.qt.internal.QSignalEmitterInternal
__qt_signalInitialization
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface com.trolltech.qt.QtJambiInterface
disableGarbageCollection, nativeId, nativePointer, reenableGarbageCollection, setJavaOwnership
 

Constructor Detail

QScrollBar

public QScrollBar()
Constructs a vertical scroll bar.

The parent arguments is sent to the QWidget constructor.

The minimum defaults to 0, the maximum to 99, with a singleStep size of 1 and a pageStep size of 10, and an initial value of 0.


QScrollBar

public QScrollBar(QWidget parent)
Constructs a vertical scroll bar.

The parent arguments is sent to the QWidget constructor.

The minimum defaults to 0, the maximum to 99, with a singleStep size of 1 and a pageStep size of 10, and an initial value of 0.


QScrollBar

public QScrollBar(Qt.Orientation arg__1)
Constructs a scroll bar with the given orientation.

The parent argument is passed to the QWidget constructor.

The minimum defaults to 0, the maximum to 99, with a singleStep size of 1 and a pageStep size of 10, and an initial value of 0.


QScrollBar

public QScrollBar(Qt.Orientation arg__1,
                  QWidget parent)
Constructs a scroll bar with the given orientation.

The parent argument is passed to the QWidget constructor.

The minimum defaults to 0, the maximum to 99, with a singleStep size of 1 and a pageStep size of 10, and an initial value of 0.

Method Detail

initStyleOption

protected final void initStyleOption(QStyleOptionSlider option)
Initialize option with the values from this QScrollBar. This method is useful for subclasses when they need a QStyleOptionButton, but don't want to fill in all the information themselves.