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QFormLayout Class Reference

The QFormLayout class manages forms of input widgets and their associated labels. More...

    #include <QFormLayout>

Inherits QLayout.

This class was introduced in Qtopia 4.3.

Public Types

Properties

Public Functions

Additional Inherited Members


Detailed Description

The QFormLayout class manages forms of input widgets and their associated labels.

This class was introduced in Qtopia 4.3, but will be moving into Qt 4.4.

QFormLayout is a convenience layout class that lays out its children in a two-column form. The left column consists of labels and the right column consists of "field" widgets (line editors, spin boxes, etc.).

Traditionally, such two-column form layouts were achieved using QGridLayout. QFormLayout is a higher-level alternative that provides the following advantages:

The table below shows the default appearance in different styles.

QCommonStyle derived styles (except QPlastiqueStyle)QMacStyleQPlastiqueStyleQtopia styles
Traditional style used for Windows, GNOME, and earlier versions of KDE. Labels are left aligned, and expanding fields grow to fill the available space. (This normally corresponds to what we would get using a two-column QGridLayout.)Style based on the Mac OS X Aqua guidelines. Labels are right-aligned, the fields don't grow beyond their size hint, and the form is horizontally centered.Recommended style for KDE applications. Similar to MacStyle, except that the form is left-aligned and all fields grow to fill the available space.Default style for Qtopia styles. Labels are right-aligned, expanding fields grow to fill the available space, and row wrapping is enabled for long lines.

The form styles can be also be overridden individually by calling setLabelAlignment(), setFormAlignment(), setFieldGrowthPolicy(), and setRowWrapPolicy(). For example, to simulate the form layout appearance of QMacStyle on all platforms, but with left-aligned labels, you could write:

    formLayout->setRowWrapPolicy(QFormLayout::DontWrapRows);
    formLayout->setFieldGrowthPolicy(QFormLayout::FieldsStayAtSizeHint);
    formLayout->setFormAlignment(Qt::AlignHCenter | Qt::AlignTop);
    formLayout->setLabelAlignment(Qt::AlignLeft);

See also QGridLayout, QBoxLayout, and QStackedLayout.


Member Type Documentation

enum QFormLayout::FieldGrowthPolicy

This enum specifies the different policies that can be used to control the way in which the form's fields grow.

ConstantValueDescription
QFormLayout::FieldsStayAtSizeHint0The fields never grow beyond their effective size hint. This is the default for QMacStyle.
QFormLayout::ExpandingFieldsGrow1Fields with an horizontal size policy of Expanding or MinimumExpanding will grow to fill the available space. The other fields will not grow beyond their effective size hint. This is the default policy for QCommonStyle derived styles (like Plastique and Windows).
QFormLayout::AllNonFixedFieldsGrow2All fields with a size policy that allows them to grow will grow to fill the available space. This is the default policy for Qtopia styles.

See also fieldGrowthPolicy.

enum QFormLayout::ItemRole

This enum specifies the types of widgets (or other layout items) that may appear in a row.

ConstantValueDescription
QFormLayout::LabelRole0A label widget.
QFormLayout::FieldRole1A field widget.

See also itemAt() and getItemPosition().

enum QFormLayout::RowWrapPolicy

This enum specifies the different policies that can be used to control the way in which the form's rows wrap.

ConstantValueDescription
QFormLayout::DontWrapRows0Fields are always laid out next to their label. This is the default policy for all styles except Qtopia styles.
QFormLayout::WrapLongRows1Labels are given enough horizontal space to fit the widest label, and the rest of the space is given to the fields. If the minimum size of a field pair is wider than the available space, the field is wrapped to the next line. This is the default policy for Qtopia styles.
QFormLayout::WrapAllRows2Fields are always laid out below their label.

See also rowWrapPolicy.


Property Documentation

fieldGrowthPolicy : FieldGrowthPolicy

This property holds the way in which the form's fields grow.

The default value depends on the widget or application style. For QMacStyle, the default is FieldsStayAtSizeHint; for QCommonStyle derived styles (like Plastique and Windows), the default is ExpandingFieldsGrow; for Qtopia styles, the default is AllNonFixedFieldsGrow.

If none of the fields can grow and the form is resized, extra space is distributed according to the current form alignment.

Access functions:

See also formAlignment and rowWrapPolicy.

formAlignment : Qt::Alignment

This property holds the alignment of the form layout's contents within the layout's geometry.

The default value depends on the widget or application style. For QMacStyle, the default is Qt::AlignHCenter | Qt::AlignTop; for the other styles, the default is Qt::AlignLeft | Qt::AlignTop.

Access functions:

See also labelAlignment and rowWrapPolicy.

horizontalSpacing : int

This property holds the spacing between widgets that are laid out side by side.

If no value is explicitly set, the layout's horizontal spacing is inherited from the parent layout, or from the style settings for the parent widget.

Access functions:

See also verticalSpacing, QStyle::pixelMetric(), and PM_LayoutHorizontalSpacing.

labelAlignment : Qt::Alignment

This property holds the horizontal alignment of the labels.

The default value depends on the widget or application style. For QCommonStyle derived styles, except for QPlastiqueStyle, the default is Qt::AlignLeft; for the other styles, the default is Qt::AlignRight.

Access functions:

See also formAlignment.

rowWrapPolicy : RowWrapPolicy

This property holds the way in which the form's rows wrap.

The default value depends on the widget or application style. For Qtopia styles, the default is WrapLongRows; for the other styles, the default is DontWrapRows.

If you want to display each label above its associated field (instead of next to it), set this property to WrapAllRows.

Access functions:

See also fieldGrowthPolicy.

verticalSpacing : int

This property holds the spacing between widgets that are laid out on top of each other.

If no value is explicitly set, the layout's vertical spacing is inherited from the parent layout, or from the style settings for the parent widget.

Access functions:

See also horizontalSpacing, QStyle::pixelMetric(), and PM_LayoutHorizontalSpacing.


Member Function Documentation

QFormLayout::QFormLayout ( QWidget * parent = 0 )

Constructs a new form layout with the given parent widget.

See also QWidget::setLayout().

QFormLayout::~QFormLayout ()

Destroys the form layout.

void QFormLayout::addRow ( QWidget * label, QWidget * field )

Adds a new row to the bottom of this form layout, with the given label and field.

See also insertRow().

void QFormLayout::addRow ( QWidget * label, QLayout * field )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

void QFormLayout::addRow ( const QString & labelText, QWidget * field )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

This overload automatically creates a QLabel behind the scenes with labelText as its text. The field is set as the new QLabel's buddy.

void QFormLayout::addRow ( const QString & labelText, QLayout * field )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

This overload automatically creates a QLabel behind the scenes with labelText as its text.

void QFormLayout::addRow ( QWidget * widget )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

Adds the specified widget at the end of this form layout. The widget spans both columns.

void QFormLayout::addRow ( QLayout * layout )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

Adds the specified layout at the end of this form layout. The layout spans both columns.

void QFormLayout::getItemPosition ( int index, int * rowPtr, ItemRole * rolePtr ) const

Retrieves the row and role (column) of the item at the specified index. If index is out of bounds, *rowPtr is set to -1; otherwise the row is stored in *rowPtr and the role is stored in *rolePtr.

See also itemAt(), count(), getLayoutPosition(), and getWidgetPosition().

void QFormLayout::getLayoutPosition ( QLayout * layout, int * rowPtr, ItemRole * rolePtr ) const

Retrieves the row and role (column) of the specified child layout. If layout is not in the form layout, *rowPtr is set to -1; otherwise the row is stored in *rowPtr and the role is stored in *rolePtr.

void QFormLayout::getWidgetPosition ( QWidget * widget, int * rowPtr, ItemRole * rolePtr ) const

Retrieves the row and role (column) of the specified widget in the layout. If widget is not in the layout, *rowPtr is set to -1; otherwise the row is stored in *rowPtr and the role is stored in *rolePtr.

See also getItemPosition() and itemAt().

void QFormLayout::insertRow ( int row, QWidget * label, QWidget * field )

Inserts a new row at position row in this form layout, with the given label and field. If row is out of bounds, the new row is added at the end.

See also addRow().

void QFormLayout::insertRow ( int row, QWidget * label, QLayout * field )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

void QFormLayout::insertRow ( int row, const QString & labelText, QWidget * field )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

This overload automatically creates a QLabel behind the scenes with labelText as its text. The field is set as the new QLabel's buddy.

void QFormLayout::insertRow ( int row, const QString & labelText, QLayout * field )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

This overload automatically creates a QLabel behind the scenes with labelText as its text.

void QFormLayout::insertRow ( int row, QWidget * widget )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

Inserts the specified widget at position row in this form layout. The widget spans both columns. If row is out of bounds, the widget is added at the end.

void QFormLayout::insertRow ( int row, QLayout * layout )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

Inserts the specified layout at position row in this form layout. The layout spans both columns. If row is out of bounds, the widget is added at the end.

QLayoutItem * QFormLayout::itemAt ( int row, ItemRole role ) const

Returns the layout item in the given row with the specified role (column). Returns 0 if there is no such item.

See also QLayout::itemAt() and setItem().

QWidget * QFormLayout::labelForField ( QWidget * field ) const

Returns the label associated with the given field.

See also itemAt().

QWidget * QFormLayout::labelForField ( QLayout * field ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

int QFormLayout::rowCount () const

Returns the number of rows in the form.

See also QLayout::count().

void QFormLayout::setItem ( int row, ItemRole role, QLayoutItem * item )

Sets the item in the given row for the given role to item, extending the layout with empty rows if necessary.

If the cell is already occupied, the item is not inserted and an error message is sent to the console.

Warning: Do not use this function to add child layouts or child widget items. Use setLayout() or setWidget() instead.

See also setLayout().

void QFormLayout::setLayout ( int row, ItemRole role, QLayout * layout )

Sets the sub-layout in the given row for the given role to layout, extending the form layout with empty rows if necessary.

If the cell is already occupied, the layout is not inserted and an error message is sent to the console.

Note: For most applications, addRow() or insertRow() should be used instead of setLayout().

See also setWidget().

void QFormLayout::setSpacing ( int spacing )

This function sets both the vertical and horizontal spacing to spacing.

See also spacing(), setVerticalSpacing(), and setHorizontalSpacing().

void QFormLayout::setWidget ( int row, ItemRole role, QWidget * widget )

Sets the widget in the given row for the given role to widget, extending the layout with empty rows if necessary.

If the cell is already occupied, the widget is not inserted and an error message is sent to the console.

Note: For most applications, addRow() or insertRow() should be used instead of setWidget().

See also setLayout().

int QFormLayout::spacing () const

If the vertical spacing is equal to the horizontal spacing, this function returns that value; otherwise it returns -1.

See also setSpacing(), verticalSpacing(), and horizontalSpacing().


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Qtopia 4.3.3