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iterator Class Reference
(QSet::iterator)
[QtCore module]

The QSet::iterator class provides an STL-style non-const iterator for QSet. More...

 #include <QSet>

This class was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Public Functions


Detailed Description

The QSet::iterator class provides an STL-style non-const iterator for QSet.

QSet features both STL-style iterators and Java-style iterators. The STL-style iterators are more low-level and more cumbersome to use; on the other hand, they are slightly faster and, for developers who already know STL, have the advantage of familiarity.

QSet<T>::iterator allows you to iterate over a QSet and to remove items (using QSet::erase()) while you iterate. (QSet doesn't let you modify a value through an iterator, because that would potentially require moving the value in the internal hash table used by QSet.) If you want to iterate over a const QSet, you should use QSet::const_iterator. It is generally good practice to use QSet::const_iterator on a non-const QSet as well, unless you need to change the QSet through the iterator. Const iterators are slightly faster, and can improve code readability.

QSet<T>::iterator allows you to iterate over a QSet<T> and modify it as you go (using QSet::erase()). However,

The default QSet::iterator constructor creates an uninitialized iterator. You must initialize it using a function like QSet::begin(), QSet::end(), or QSet::insert() before you can start iterating. Here's a typical loop that prints all the items stored in a set:

 QSet<QString> set;
 set << "January" << "February" << ... << "December";

 QSet<QString>::iterator i;
 for (i = set.begin(); i != set.end(); ++i)
     qDebug() << *i;

Here's a loop that removes certain items (all those that start with 'J') from a set while iterating:

 QSet<QString> set;
 set << "January" << "February" << ... << "December";

 QSet<QString>::iterator i = set.begin();
 while (i != set.end()) {
     if ((*i).startsWith('J')) {
         i = set.erase(i);
     } else {
         ++i;
     }
 }

STL-style iterators can be used as arguments to generic algorithms. For example, here's how to find an item in the set using the qFind() algorithm:

 QSet<QString> set;
 ...
 QSet<QString>::iterator it = qFind(set.begin(), set.end(), "Jeanette");
 if (it != set.end())
     cout << "Found Jeanette" << endl;

Multiple iterators can be used on the same set. However, you may not attempt to modify the container while iterating on it.

See also QSet::const_iterator and QMutableSetIterator.


Member Function Documentation

iterator::iterator ()

Constructs an uninitialized iterator.

Functions like operator*() and operator++() should not be called on an uninitialized iterator. Use operator=() to assign a value to it before using it.

See also QSet::begin() and QSet::end().

iterator::iterator ( const iterator & other )

Constructs a copy of other.

bool iterator::operator!= ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if other points to a different item than this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator==().

bool iterator::operator!= ( const const_iterator & other ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

const T & iterator::operator* () const

Returns a reference to the current item.

See also operator->().

iterator iterator::operator+ ( int j ) const

Returns an iterator to the item at j positions forward from this iterator. (If j is negative, the iterator goes backward.)

This operation can be slow for large j values.

See also operator-().

iterator & iterator::operator++ ()

The prefix ++ operator (++it) advances the iterator to the next item in the set and returns an iterator to the new current item.

Calling this function on QSet::constEnd() leads to undefined results.

See also operator--().

iterator iterator::operator++ ( int )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

The postfix ++ operator (it++) advances the iterator to the next item in the set and returns an iterator to the previously current item.

iterator & iterator::operator+= ( int j )

Advances the iterator by j items. (If j is negative, the iterator goes backward.)

This operation can be slow for large j values.

See also operator-=() and operator+().

iterator iterator::operator- ( int j ) const

Returns an iterator to the item at j positions backward from this iterator. (If j is negative, the iterator goes forward.)

This operation can be slow for large j values.

See also operator+().

iterator & iterator::operator-- ()

The prefix -- operator (--it) makes the preceding item current and returns an iterator to the new current item.

Calling this function on QSet::begin() leads to undefined results.

See also operator++().

iterator iterator::operator-- ( int )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.

The postfix -- operator (it--) makes the preceding item current and returns an iterator to the previously current item.

iterator & iterator::operator-= ( int j )

Makes the iterator go back by j items. (If j is negative, the iterator goes forward.)

This operation can be slow for large j values.

See also operator+=() and operator-().

const T * iterator::operator-> () const

Returns a pointer to the current item.

See also operator*().

iterator & iterator::operator= ( const iterator & other )

Assigns other to this iterator.

bool iterator::operator== ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if other points to the same item as this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator!=().

bool iterator::operator== ( const const_iterator & other ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience.


Copyright © 2008 Trolltech Trademarks
Qt 4.3.5