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rsslisting.cpp Example File
xml/rsslisting/rsslisting.cpp

 /****************************************************************************
 **
 ** Copyright (C) 2004-2008 Trolltech ASA. All rights reserved.
 **
 ** This file is part of the example classes of the Qt Toolkit.
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 ** Licensees holding a valid Qt License Agreement may use this file in
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 ** contained therein.  Please consult your licensing agreement or
 ** contact sales@trolltech.com if any conditions of this licensing
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 ** contacting info@trolltech.com.
 **
 ** This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
 ** WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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 ****************************************************************************/

 /*
 rsslisting.cpp

 Provides a widget for displaying news items from RDF news sources.
 RDF is an XML-based format for storing items of information (see
 http://www.w3.org/RDF/ for details).

 The widget itself provides a simple user interface for specifying
 the URL of a news source, and controlling the downloading of news.

 The widget downloads and parses the XML asynchronously, feeding the
 data to an XML reader in pieces. This allows the user to interrupt
 its operation, and also allows very large data sources to be read.
 */

 #include <QtCore>
 #include <QtGui>
 #include <QtNetwork>

 #include "rsslisting.h"

 /*
     Constructs an RSSListing widget with a simple user interface, and sets
     up the XML reader to use a custom handler class.

     The user interface consists of a line edit, two push buttons, and a
     list view widget. The line edit is used for entering the URLs of news
     sources; the push buttons start and abort the process of reading the
     news.
 */

 RSSListing::RSSListing(QWidget *parent)
     : QWidget(parent)
 {
     lineEdit = new QLineEdit(this);
     lineEdit->setText("http://labs.trolltech.com/blogs/feed");

     fetchButton = new QPushButton(tr("Fetch"), this);
     abortButton = new QPushButton(tr("Abort"), this);
     abortButton->setEnabled(false);

     treeWidget = new QTreeWidget(this);
     connect(treeWidget, SIGNAL(itemActivated(QTreeWidgetItem*, int)),
             this, SLOT(itemActivated(QTreeWidgetItem*)));
     QStringList headerLabels;
     headerLabels << tr("Title") << tr("Link");
     treeWidget->setHeaderLabels(headerLabels);
     treeWidget->header()->setResizeMode(QHeaderView::ResizeToContents);

     connect(&http, SIGNAL(readyRead(const QHttpResponseHeader &)),
              this, SLOT(readData(const QHttpResponseHeader &)));

     connect(&http, SIGNAL(requestFinished(int, bool)),
              this, SLOT(finished(int, bool)));

     connect(lineEdit, SIGNAL(returnPressed()), this, SLOT(fetch()));
     connect(fetchButton, SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(fetch()));
     connect(abortButton, SIGNAL(clicked()), &http, SLOT(abort()));

     QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout(this);

     QHBoxLayout *hboxLayout = new QHBoxLayout;

     hboxLayout->addWidget(lineEdit);
     hboxLayout->addWidget(fetchButton);
     hboxLayout->addWidget(abortButton);

     layout->addLayout(hboxLayout);
     layout->addWidget(treeWidget);

     setWindowTitle(tr("RSS listing example"));
     resize(640,480);
 }

 /*
     Starts fetching data from a news source specified in the line
     edit widget.

     The line edit is made read only to prevent the user from modifying its
     contents during the fetch; this is only for cosmetic purposes.
     The fetch button is disabled, and the abort button is enabled to allow
     the user to interrupt processing. The list view is cleared, and we
     define the last list view item to be 0, meaning that there are no
     existing items in the list.

     The HTTP handler is supplied with the raw contents of the line edit and
     a fetch is initiated. We keep the ID value returned by the HTTP handler
     for future reference.
 */

 void RSSListing::fetch()
 {
     lineEdit->setReadOnly(true);
     fetchButton->setEnabled(false);
     abortButton->setEnabled(true);
     treeWidget->clear();

     xml.clear();

     QUrl url(lineEdit->text());

     http.setHost(url.host());
     connectionId = http.get(url.path());
 }

 /*
     Reads data received from the RDF source.

     We read all the available data, and pass it to the XML
     stream reader. Then we call the XML parsing function.

     If parsing fails for any reason, we abort the fetch.
 */

 void RSSListing::readData(const QHttpResponseHeader &resp)
 {
     if (resp.statusCode() != 200)
         http.abort();
     else {
         xml.addData(http.readAll());
         parseXml();
     }
 }

 /*
     Finishes processing an HTTP request.

     The default behavior is to keep the text edit read only.

     If an error has occurred, the user interface is made available
     to the user for further input, allowing a new fetch to be
     started.

     If the HTTP get request has finished, we make the
     user interface available to the user for further input.
 */

 void RSSListing::finished(int id, bool error)
 {
     if (error) {
         qWarning("Received error during HTTP fetch.");
         lineEdit->setReadOnly(false);
         abortButton->setEnabled(false);
         fetchButton->setEnabled(true);
     }
     else if (id == connectionId) {
         lineEdit->setReadOnly(false);
         abortButton->setEnabled(false);
         fetchButton->setEnabled(true);
     }
 }

 /*
     Parses the XML data and creates treeWidget items accordingly.
 */
 void RSSListing::parseXml()
 {
     while (!xml.atEnd()) {
         xml.readNext();
         if (xml.isStartElement()) {
             if (xml.name() == "item")
                 linkString = xml.attributes().value("rss:about").toString();
             currentTag = xml.name().toString();
         } else if (xml.isEndElement()) {
             if (xml.name() == "item") {

                 QTreeWidgetItem *item = new QTreeWidgetItem;
                 item->setText(0, titleString);
                 item->setText(1, linkString);
                 treeWidget->addTopLevelItem(item);

                 titleString.clear();
                 linkString.clear();
             }

         } else if (xml.isCharacters() && !xml.isWhitespace()) {
             if (currentTag == "title")
                 titleString += xml.text().toString();
             else if (currentTag == "link")
                 linkString += xml.text().toString();
         }
     }
     if (xml.error() && xml.error() != QXmlStreamReader::PrematureEndOfDocumentError) {
         qWarning() << "XML ERROR:" << xml.lineNumber() << ": " << xml.errorString();
         http.abort();
     }
 }

 /*
     Open the link in the browser
 */
 void RSSListing::itemActivated(QTreeWidgetItem * item)
 {
     QDesktopServices::openUrl(QUrl(item->text(1)));
 }


Copyright © 2008 Trolltech Trademarks
Qt 4.3.5