Specifying Environment Settings

You can specify the environment you want to use for building a project in the Build Environment section of the Build Settings.

By default, the environment in which Qt Creator was started is used and modified to include the Qt version. Depending on the selected Qt version, Qt Creator automatically sets the necessary environment variables. You can edit existing environment variables or add, reset and unset new variables based on your project requirements.

In addition, you can specify custom environment variables in the Project Settings > Environment settings. They are added to all build environments. The final build environment is specified separately for each kit. The project-specific environment settings enable you to amend the build environment for all kits that you use to build the project simultaneously, rather than having to edit it separately for each kit.

"Build Environment"

Note: The changes are stored in the local project specific .pro.user file. Therefore, they are not suitable for sharing between developers or development PCs. To share settings, incorporate them into the build system. For example, if you use qmake, make the changes in the .pro file.

Batch Editing

To modify environment variable values for build or run environments, select Batch Edit in the Build Environment or Environment pane and enter environment variables in the Edit Environment dialog.

To remove a variable value from the environment, enter the variable name. For example, TEST sets the value of the TEST variable empty when building or running the project.

To add a variable value to the environment, enter the variable name and value, separated by the equals sign. For example, the following line prepends the /opt/bin folder to the existing PATH:

  • On Windows: PATH=C:\opt\bin;${PATH}
  • On Linux: PATH=/opt/bin:${PATH}

To add or remove several variables, place them on separate lines. The order is important. If you remove a value on a line, you cannot refer to it on the following lines. However, you can remove a value after you have referred to it on an earlier line.

To temporarily disable a variable, add a hash character (#) to the beginning of the line.

Clearing the System Environment

To build with a clean system environment, select the Clear system environment check box. Qt Creator discards the current environment, and populates a clean system environment with the environment variables that the compilers and tools need. Therefore, the environment is never totally empty, even after you clear it.

Using Environment Variables

You can use any environment variables to in build, deploy, and run configurations. For a list of variable names, select Build Settings > Build Environment > Details}. Environment variables are referenced using the native syntax: $VARNAME or ${VARNAME} on Unix and %VARNAME% on Windows.

Using Qt Creator Variables

You can use Qt Creator variables in arguments, executable paths, and working directories. The variables take care of quoting their expansions, so you do not need to put them in quotes. Select the (Variables) button in a field to select from a list of variables that are available in a particular context.

The following syntax enables you to use environment variables as Qt Creator variables: %{Env:VARNAME}.

Qt Creator uses pattern substitution when expanding variable names. To replace the first match of pattern within variable with replacement, use:

%{variable/pattern/replacement}

To replace all matches of pattern within variable with replacement, use:

%{variable//pattern/replacement}

The pattern can be a regular expression and the replacement can contain backreferences. For example, if %{variable} is my123var, then %{variable/(..)(\d+)/\2\1} is expanded to 123myvar.

Instead of the forward slash, you can also use the pound sign (#) as the substitution character. This can be helpful if the value is supposed to be a file path, in which case forward slashes might get translated to backslashes on Windows hosts.

To use the default value if the variable is not set, use:

%{variable:-default}

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