ScatterChart Example#

The example shows how to create a simple scatter chart.

../_images/examples_scatterchart1.png

Running the Example#

To run the example from Qt Creator , open the Welcome mode and select the example from Examples. For more information, visit Building and Running an Example.

Creating Scatter Charts#

To create scatter charts, a QScatterSeries instance is needed. Here we create a scatter series instance, and set the type and width of outline for the scatter points.

series0 = QScatterSeries()
series0.setName("scatter1")
series0.setMarkerShape(QScatterSeries.MarkerShapeCircle)
series0.setMarkerSize(15.0)
series1 = QScatterSeries()
series1.setName("scatter2")
series1.setMarkerShape(QScatterSeries.MarkerShapeRectangle)
series1.setMarkerSize(20.0)
series2 = QScatterSeries()
series2.setName("scatter3")
series2.setMarkerShape(QScatterSeries.MarkerShapeRectangle)
series2.setMarkerSize(30.0)

We add the data to be shown. We can use the append() member function or use the stream operator.

series0.append(0, 6)
series0.append(2, 4)
series0.append(3, 8)
series0.append(7, 4)
series0.append(10, 5)
series1 << QPointF(1, 1) << QPointF(3, 3) << QPointF(7, 6) << QPointF(8, 3) << QPointF(10, 2)
series2 << QPointF(1, 5) << QPointF(4, 6) << QPointF(6, 3) << QPointF(9, 5)

We can define the brush of the scatter series to be an image. Here the image is a star created using QPainterPath .

starPath = QPainterPath()
starPath.moveTo(28, 15)
for i in range(1, 5):
    starPath.lineTo(14 + 14 * qCos(0.8 * i * M_PI),
                    15 + 14 * qSin(0.8 * i * M_PI))

starPath.closeSubpath()
star = QImage(30, 30, QImage.Format_ARGB32)
star.fill(Qt.transparent)
painter = QPainter(star)
painter.setRenderHint(QPainter.Antialiasing)
painter.setPen(QRgb(0xf6a625))
painter.setBrush(painter.pen().color())
painter.drawPath(starPath)
series2.setBrush(star)
series2.setPen(QColor(Qt.transparent))

In the end we enable anti-aliasing, set the chart title, and add the scatter series onto the chart. We also disable drop shadow, because it would not look good on an application with only chart view shown.

setRenderHint(QPainter.Antialiasing)
chart().addSeries(series0)
chart().addSeries(series1)
chart().addSeries(series2)
chart().setTitle("Simple scatterchart example")
chart().createDefaultAxes()
chart().setDropShadowEnabled(False)

We can also use the scatter points as legend markers.

chart().legend().setMarkerShape(QLegend.MarkerShapeFromSeries)

The chart is ready to be shown.

chartView = ChartView()
window = QMainWindow()
window.setCentralWidget(chartView)
window.resize(400, 300)
window.show()

Example project @ code.qt.io