QProcess

The QProcess class is used to start external programs and to communicate with them. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtCore.QProcess

Synopsis

Functions

Virtual functions

Slots

Signals

Static functions

Detailed Description

Running a Process

To start a process, pass the name and command line arguments of the program you want to run as arguments to start() . Arguments are supplied as individual strings in a QStringList .

Alternatively, you can set the program to run with setProgram() and setArguments() , and then call start() or open() .

For example, the following code snippet runs the analog clock example in the Fusion style on X11 platforms by passing strings containing “-style” and “fusion” as two items in the list of arguments:

QObject *parent;
...
QString program = "./path/to/Qt/examples/widgets/analogclock";
QStringList arguments;
arguments << "-style" << "fusion";

QProcess *myProcess = new QProcess(parent);
myProcess->start(program, arguments);

QProcess then enters the Starting state, and when the program has started, QProcess enters the Running state and emits started() .

QProcess allows you to treat a process as a sequential I/O device. You can write to and read from the process just as you would access a network connection using QTcpSocket . You can then write to the process’s standard input by calling write() , and read the standard output by calling read() , readLine() , and getChar() . Because it inherits QIODevice , QProcess can also be used as an input source for QXmlReader , or for generating data to be uploaded using QNetworkAccessManager .

When the process exits, QProcess reenters the NotRunning state (the initial state), and emits finished() .

The finished() signal provides the exit code and exit status of the process as arguments, and you can also call exitCode() to obtain the exit code of the last process that finished, and exitStatus() to obtain its exit status. If an error occurs at any point in time, QProcess will emit the errorOccurred() signal. You can also call error() to find the type of error that occurred last, and state() to find the current process state.

Note

QProcess is not supported on VxWorks, iOS, tvOS, watchOS, or the Universal Windows Platform.

Communicating via Channels

Processes have two predefined output channels: The standard output channel (stdout ) supplies regular console output, and the standard error channel (stderr ) usually supplies the errors that are printed by the process. These channels represent two separate streams of data. You can toggle between them by calling setReadChannel() . QProcess emits readyRead() when data is available on the current read channel. It also emits readyReadStandardOutput() when new standard output data is available, and when new standard error data is available, readyReadStandardError() is emitted. Instead of calling read() , readLine() , or getChar() , you can explicitly read all data from either of the two channels by calling readAllStandardOutput() or readAllStandardError() .

The terminology for the channels can be misleading. Be aware that the process’s output channels correspond to QProcess ‘s read channels, whereas the process’s input channels correspond to QProcess ‘s write channels. This is because what we read using QProcess is the process’s output, and what we write becomes the process’s input.

QProcess can merge the two output channels, so that standard output and standard error data from the running process both use the standard output channel. Call setProcessChannelMode() with MergedChannels before starting the process to activate this feature. You also have the option of forwarding the output of the running process to the calling, main process, by passing ForwardedChannels as the argument. It is also possible to forward only one of the output channels - typically one would use ForwardedErrorChannel , but ForwardedOutputChannel also exists. Note that using channel forwarding is typically a bad idea in GUI applications - you should present errors graphically instead.

Certain processes need special environment settings in order to operate. You can set environment variables for your process by calling setProcessEnvironment() . To set a working directory, call setWorkingDirectory() . By default, processes are run in the current working directory of the calling process.

The positioning and the screen Z-order of windows belonging to GUI applications started with QProcess are controlled by the underlying windowing system. For Qt 5 applications, the positioning can be specified using the -qwindowgeometry command line option; X11 applications generally accept a -geometry command line option.

Note

On QNX, setting the working directory may cause all application threads, with the exception of the QProcess caller thread, to temporarily freeze during the spawning process, owing to a limitation in the operating system.

Synchronous Process API

QProcess provides a set of functions which allow it to be used without an event loop, by suspending the calling thread until certain signals are emitted:

  • waitForStarted() blocks until the process has started.

  • waitForReadyRead() blocks until new data is available for reading on the current read channel.

  • waitForBytesWritten() blocks until one payload of data has been written to the process.

  • waitForFinished() blocks until the process has finished.

Calling these functions from the main thread (the thread that calls exec() ) may cause your user interface to freeze.

The following example runs gzip to compress the string “Qt rocks!”, without an event loop:

QProcess gzip;
gzip.start("gzip", QStringList() << "-c");
if (!gzip.waitForStarted())
    return false;

gzip.write("Qt rocks!");
gzip.closeWriteChannel();

if (!gzip.waitForFinished())
    return false;

QByteArray result = gzip.readAll();

Notes for Windows Users

Some Windows commands (for example, dir ) are not provided by separate applications, but by the command interpreter itself. If you attempt to use QProcess to execute these commands directly, it won’t work. One possible solution is to execute the command interpreter itself (cmd.exe on some Windows systems), and ask the interpreter to execute the desired command.

class QProcess([parent=None])
param parent

QObject

Constructs a QProcess object with the given parent .

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.ProcessError

This enum describes the different types of errors that are reported by QProcess .

Constant

Description

QProcess.FailedToStart

The process failed to start. Either the invoked program is missing, or you may have insufficient permissions to invoke the program.

QProcess.Crashed

The process crashed some time after starting successfully.

QProcess.Timedout

The last waitFor…() function timed out. The state of QProcess is unchanged, and you can try calling waitFor…() again.

QProcess.WriteError

An error occurred when attempting to write to the process. For example, the process may not be running, or it may have closed its input channel.

QProcess.ReadError

An error occurred when attempting to read from the process. For example, the process may not be running.

QProcess.UnknownError

An unknown error occurred. This is the default return value of error() .

See also

error()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.ProcessState

This enum describes the different states of QProcess .

Constant

Description

QProcess.NotRunning

The process is not running.

QProcess.Starting

The process is starting, but the program has not yet been invoked.

QProcess.Running

The process is running and is ready for reading and writing.

See also

state()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.ProcessChannel

This enum describes the process channels used by the running process. Pass one of these values to setReadChannel() to set the current read channel of QProcess .

Constant

Description

QProcess.StandardOutput

The standard output (stdout) of the running process.

QProcess.StandardError

The standard error (stderr) of the running process.

See also

setReadChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.ProcessChannelMode

This enum describes the process output channel modes of QProcess . Pass one of these values to setProcessChannelMode() to set the current read channel mode.

Constant

Description

QProcess.SeparateChannels

QProcess manages the output of the running process, keeping standard output and standard error data in separate internal buffers. You can select the QProcess ‘s current read channel by calling setReadChannel() . This is the default channel mode of QProcess .

QProcess.MergedChannels

QProcess merges the output of the running process into the standard output channel (stdout). The standard error channel (stderr) will not receive any data. The standard output and standard error data of the running process are interleaved.

QProcess.ForwardedChannels

QProcess forwards the output of the running process onto the main process. Anything the child process writes to its standard output and standard error will be written to the standard output and standard error of the main process.

QProcess.ForwardedErrorChannel

QProcess manages the standard output of the running process, but forwards its standard error onto the main process. This reflects the typical use of command line tools as filters, where the standard output is redirected to another process or a file, while standard error is printed to the console for diagnostic purposes. (This value was introduced in Qt 5.2.)

QProcess.ForwardedOutputChannel

Complementary to . (This value was introduced in Qt 5.2.)

Note

Windows intentionally suppresses output from GUI-only applications to inherited consoles. This does not apply to output redirected to files or pipes. To forward the output of GUI-only applications on the console nonetheless, you must use and do the forwarding yourself by reading the output and writing it to the appropriate output channels.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.InputChannelMode

This enum describes the process input channel modes of QProcess . Pass one of these values to setInputChannelMode() to set the current write channel mode.

Constant

Description

QProcess.ManagedInputChannel

QProcess manages the input of the running process. This is the default input channel mode of QProcess .

QProcess.ForwardedInputChannel

QProcess forwards the input of the main process onto the running process. The child process reads its standard input from the same source as the main process. Note that the main process must not try to read its standard input while the child process is running.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.ExitStatus

This enum describes the different exit statuses of QProcess .

Constant

Description

QProcess.NormalExit

The process exited normally.

QProcess.CrashExit

The process crashed.

See also

exitStatus()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.arguments()
Return type

list of strings

Returns the command line arguments the process was last started with.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.closeReadChannel(channel)
Parameters

channelProcessChannel

Closes the read channel channel . After calling this function, QProcess will no longer receive data on the channel. Any data that has already been received is still available for reading.

Call this function to save memory, if you are not interested in the output of the process.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.closeWriteChannel()

Schedules the write channel of QProcess to be closed. The channel will close once all data has been written to the process. After calling this function, any attempts to write to the process will fail.

Closing the write channel is necessary for programs that read input data until the channel has been closed. For example, the program “more” is used to display text data in a console on both Unix and Windows. But it will not display the text data until QProcess ‘s write channel has been closed. Example:

more = QProcess()
more.start("more")
more.write("Text to display")
more.closeWriteChannel()
#QProcess will emit readyRead() once "more" starts printing

The write channel is implicitly opened when start() is called.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.environment()
Return type

list of strings

Returns the environment that QProcess will pass to its child process, or an empty QStringList if no environment has been set using setEnvironment() . If no environment has been set, the environment of the calling process will be used.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.error()
Return type

ProcessError

Returns the type of error that occurred last.

See also

state()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.error(error)
Parameters

errorProcessError

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.errorOccurred(error)
Parameters

errorProcessError

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.execute(command)
Parameters

command – unicode

Return type

int

This is an overloaded function.

Starts the program command in a new process, waits for it to finish, and then returns the exit code.

Argument handling is identical to the respective start() overload.

After the command string has been split and unquoted, this function behaves like the overload which takes the arguments as a string list.

See also

start()

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.execute(program, arguments)
Parameters
  • program – unicode

  • arguments – list of strings

Return type

int

Starts the program program with the arguments arguments in a new process, waits for it to finish, and then returns the exit code of the process. Any data the new process writes to the console is forwarded to the calling process.

The environment and working directory are inherited from the calling process.

Argument handling is identical to the respective start() overload.

If the process cannot be started, -2 is returned. If the process crashes, -1 is returned. Otherwise, the process’ exit code is returned.

See also

start()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.exitCode()
Return type

int

Returns the exit code of the last process that finished.

This value is not valid unless exitStatus() returns NormalExit .

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.exitStatus()
Return type

ExitStatus

Returns the exit status of the last process that finished.

On Windows, if the process was terminated with TerminateProcess() from another application, this function will still return NormalExit unless the exit code is less than 0.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.finished(exitCode, exitStatus)
Parameters
PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.finished(exitCode)
Parameters

exitCodeint

Note

This function is deprecated.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.inputChannelMode()
Return type

InputChannelMode

Returns the channel mode of the QProcess standard input channel.

See also

setInputChannelMode() InputChannelMode

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.kill()

Kills the current process, causing it to exit immediately.

On Windows, uses TerminateProcess, and on Unix and macOS , the SIGKILL signal is sent to the process.

See also

terminate()

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.nullDevice()
Return type

unicode

The null device of the operating system.

The returned file path uses native directory separators.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.processChannelMode()
Return type

ProcessChannelMode

Returns the channel mode of the QProcess standard output and standard error channels.

See also

setProcessChannelMode() ProcessChannelMode setReadChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.processEnvironment()
Return type

QProcessEnvironment

Returns the environment that QProcess will pass to its child process, or an empty object if no environment has been set using setEnvironment() or setProcessEnvironment() . If no environment has been set, the environment of the calling process will be used.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.processId()
Return type

qint64

Returns the native process identifier for the running process, if available. If no process is currently running, 0 is returned.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.program()
Return type

unicode

Returns the program the process was last started with.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.readAllStandardError()
Return type

QByteArray

Regardless of the current read channel, this function returns all data available from the standard error of the process as a QByteArray .

See also

readyReadStandardError() readAllStandardOutput() readChannel() setReadChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.readAllStandardOutput()
Return type

QByteArray

Regardless of the current read channel, this function returns all data available from the standard output of the process as a QByteArray .

See also

readyReadStandardOutput() readAllStandardError() readChannel() setReadChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.readChannel()
Return type

ProcessChannel

Returns the current read channel of the QProcess .

See also

setReadChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setArguments(arguments)
Parameters

arguments – list of strings

Set the arguments to pass to the called program when starting the process. This function must be called before start() .

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setEnvironment(environment)
Parameters

environment – list of strings

Sets the environment that QProcess will pass to the child process. The parameter environment is a list of key=value pairs.

For example, the following code adds the environment variable TMPDIR :

QProcess process;
QStringList env = QProcess::systemEnvironment();
env << "TMPDIR=C:\\MyApp\\temp"; // Add an environment variable
process.setEnvironment(env);
process.start("myapp");

Note

This function is less efficient than the setProcessEnvironment() function.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setInputChannelMode(mode)
Parameters

modeInputChannelMode

Sets the channel mode of the QProcess standard input channel to the mode specified. This mode will be used the next time start() is called.

See also

inputChannelMode() InputChannelMode

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setProcessChannelMode(mode)
Parameters

modeProcessChannelMode

Sets the channel mode of the QProcess standard output and standard error channels to the mode specified. This mode will be used the next time start() is called. For example:

builder = QProcess()
builder.setProcessChannelMode(QProcess.MergedChannels)
builder.start("make", ["-j2"])

import sys
if not builder.waitForFinished():
    sys.stderr.write("Make failed:" + builder.errorString())
else
    sys.stderr.write("Make output:" + builder.readAll())

See also

processChannelMode() ProcessChannelMode setReadChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setProcessEnvironment(environment)
Parameters

environmentQProcessEnvironment

Sets the environment that QProcess will pass to the child process.

For example, the following code adds the environment variable TMPDIR :

QProcess process;
QProcessEnvironment env = QProcessEnvironment::systemEnvironment();
env.insert("TMPDIR", "C:\\MyApp\\temp"); // Add an environment variable
process.setProcessEnvironment(env);
process.start("myapp");

Note how, on Windows, environment variable names are case-insensitive.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setProcessState(state)
Parameters

stateProcessState

Sets the current state of the QProcess to the state specified.

See also

state()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setProgram(program)
Parameters

program – unicode

Set the program to use when starting the process. This function must be called before start() .

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setReadChannel(channel)
Parameters

channelProcessChannel

Sets the current read channel of the QProcess to the given channel . The current input channel is used by the functions read() , readAll() , readLine() , and getChar() . It also determines which channel triggers QProcess to emit readyRead() .

See also

readChannel()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setStandardErrorFile(fileName[, mode=QIODevice.Truncate])
Parameters
  • fileName – unicode

  • modeOpenMode

Redirects the process’ standard error to the file fileName . When the redirection is in place, the standard error read channel is closed: reading from it using read() will always fail, as will readAllStandardError() . The file will be appended to if mode is Append, otherwise, it will be truncated.

See setStandardOutputFile() for more information on how the file is opened.

Note: if setProcessChannelMode() was called with an argument of MergedChannels , this function has no effect.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setStandardInputFile(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – unicode

Redirects the process’ standard input to the file indicated by fileName . When an input redirection is in place, the QProcess object will be in read-only mode (calling write() will result in error).

To make the process read EOF right away, pass nullDevice() here. This is cleaner than using closeWriteChannel() before writing any data, because it can be set up prior to starting the process.

If the file fileName does not exist at the moment start() is called or is not readable, starting the process will fail.

Calling after the process has started has no effect.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setStandardOutputFile(fileName[, mode=QIODevice.Truncate])
Parameters
  • fileName – unicode

  • modeOpenMode

Redirects the process’ standard output to the file fileName . When the redirection is in place, the standard output read channel is closed: reading from it using read() will always fail, as will readAllStandardOutput() .

To discard all standard output from the process, pass nullDevice() here. This is more efficient than simply never reading the standard output, as no QProcess buffers are filled.

If the file fileName doesn’t exist at the moment start() is called, it will be created. If it cannot be created, the starting will fail.

If the file exists and mode is Truncate , the file will be truncated. Otherwise (if mode is Append ), the file will be appended to.

Calling after the process has started has no effect.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setStandardOutputProcess(destination)
Parameters

destinationQProcess

Pipes the standard output stream of this process to the destination process’ standard input.

The following shell command:

command1 | command2

Can be accomplished with QProcess with the following code:

process1 = QProcess()
process2 = QProcess()

process1.setStandardOutputProcess(process2)

process1.start("command1")
process2.start("command2")
PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setWorkingDirectory(dir)
Parameters

dir – unicode

Sets the working directory to dir . QProcess will start the process in this directory. The default behavior is to start the process in the working directory of the calling process.

Note

On QNX, this may cause all application threads to temporarily freeze.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.setupChildProcess()

This function is called in the child process context just before the program is executed on Unix or macOS (i.e., after fork() , but before execve() ). Reimplement this function to do last minute initialization of the child process. Example:

class SandboxProcess(QProcess):
    def setupChildProcess(self)
        # Drop all privileges in the child process, and enter
        # a chroot jail.
        os.setgroups(0, 0)
        os.chroot("/etc/safe")
        os.chdir("/")
        os.setgid(safeGid)
        os.setuid(safeUid)
        os.umask(0)

You cannot exit the process (by calling exit(), for instance) from this function. If you need to stop the program before it starts execution, your workaround is to emit finished() and then call exit().

Warning

This function is called by QProcess on Unix and macOS only. On Windows and QNX, it is not called.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.start([mode=QIODevice.ReadWrite])
Parameters

modeOpenMode

This is an overloaded function.

Starts the program set by setProgram() with arguments set by setArguments() . The OpenMode is set to mode .

See also

open() setProgram() setArguments()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.start(command[, mode=QIODevice.ReadWrite])
Parameters
  • command – unicode

  • modeOpenMode

This is an overloaded function.

Starts the command command in a new process. The OpenMode is set to mode .

command is a single string of text containing both the program name and its arguments. The arguments are separated by one or more spaces. For example:

process = QProcess()
process.start("del /s *.txt")
# same as process.start("del", ["/s", "*.txt"])
...

Arguments containing spaces must be quoted to be correctly supplied to the new process. For example:

process = QProcess()
process.start("dir \"My Documents\"")

Literal quotes in the command string are represented by triple quotes. For example:

process = QProcess()
process.start("dir \"\"\"My Documents\"\"\"")

After the command string has been split and unquoted, this function behaves like the overload which takes the arguments as a string list.

You can disable this overload by defining QT_NO_PROCESS_COMBINED_ARGUMENT_START when you compile your applications. This can be useful if you want to ensure that you are not splitting arguments unintentionally, for example. In virtually all cases, using the other overload is the preferred method.

On operating systems where the system API for passing command line arguments to a subprocess natively uses a single string (Windows), one can conceive command lines which cannot be passed via QProcess ‘s portable list-based API. In these rare cases you need to use setProgram() and setNativeArguments() instead of this function.

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.start(program, arguments[, mode=QIODevice.ReadWrite])
Parameters
  • program – unicode

  • arguments – list of strings

  • modeOpenMode

Starts the given program in a new process, passing the command line arguments in arguments .

The QProcess object will immediately enter the Starting state. If the process starts successfully, QProcess will emit started() ; otherwise, errorOccurred() will be emitted.

Note

Processes are started asynchronously, which means the started() and errorOccurred() signals may be delayed. Call waitForStarted() to make sure the process has started (or has failed to start) and those signals have been emitted.

Note

No further splitting of the arguments is performed.

Windows: The arguments are quoted and joined into a command line that is compatible with the CommandLineToArgvW() Windows function. For programs that have different command line quoting requirements, you need to use setNativeArguments() . One notable program that does not follow the CommandLineToArgvW() rules is cmd.exe and, by consequence, all batch scripts.

The OpenMode is set to mode .

If the QProcess object is already running a process, a warning may be printed at the console, and the existing process will continue running unaffected.

See also

processId() started() waitForStarted() setNativeArguments()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.startDetached([pid=None])
Parameters

pidqint64

Return type

bool

Starts the program set by setProgram() with arguments set by setArguments() in a new process, and detaches from it. Returns true on success; otherwise returns false . If the calling process exits, the detached process will continue to run unaffected.

Unix: The started process will run in its own session and act like a daemon.

The process will be started in the directory set by setWorkingDirectory() . If workingDirectory() is empty, the working directory is inherited from the calling process.

Note

On QNX, this may cause all application threads to temporarily freeze.

If the function is successful then *``pid`` is set to the process identifier of the started process. Note that the child process may exit and the PID may become invalid without notice. Furthermore, after the child process exits, the same PID may be recycled and used by a completely different process. User code should be careful when using this variable, especially if one intends to forcibly terminate the process by operating system means.

Only the following property setters are supported by :

All other properties of the QProcess object are ignored.

Note

The called process inherits the console window of the calling process. To suppress console output, redirect standard/error output to nullDevice() .

See also

start() startDetached(const QString &program, const QStringList &arguments, const QString &workingDirectory, qint64 *pid) startDetached(const QString &command)

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.startDetached(program, arguments)
Parameters
  • program – unicode

  • arguments – list of strings

Return type

bool

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.startDetached(command)
Parameters

command – unicode

Return type

bool

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.startDetached(program, arguments, workingDirectory)
Parameters
  • program – unicode

  • arguments – list of strings

  • workingDirectory – unicode

Return type

(retval, pid)

This function overloads startDetached() .

Starts the program program with the arguments arguments in a new process, and detaches from it. Returns true on success; otherwise returns false . If the calling process exits, the detached process will continue to run unaffected.

Argument handling is identical to the respective start() overload.

The process will be started in the directory workingDirectory . If workingDirectory is empty, the working directory is inherited from the calling process.

If the function is successful then *``pid`` is set to the process identifier of the started process.

See also

start()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.state()
Return type

ProcessState

Returns the current state of the process.

See also

stateChanged() error()

static PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.systemEnvironment()
Return type

list of strings

Returns the environment of the calling process as a list of key=value pairs. Example:

environment = QProcess.systemEnvironment()
# environment = [PATH=/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin",
#                "USER=greg", "HOME=/home/greg"]

This function does not cache the system environment. Therefore, it’s possible to obtain an updated version of the environment if low-level C library functions like setenv or putenv have been called.

However, note that repeated calls to this function will recreate the list of environment variables, which is a non-trivial operation.

Note

For new code, it is recommended to use systemEnvironment()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.terminate()

Attempts to terminate the process.

The process may not exit as a result of calling this function (it is given the chance to prompt the user for any unsaved files, etc).

On Windows, posts a WM_CLOSE message to all top-level windows of the process and then to the main thread of the process itself. On Unix and macOS the SIGTERM signal is sent.

Console applications on Windows that do not run an event loop, or whose event loop does not handle the WM_CLOSE message, can only be terminated by calling kill() .

See also

kill()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.waitForFinished([msecs=30000])
Parameters

msecsint

Return type

bool

Blocks until the process has finished and the finished() signal has been emitted, or until msecs milliseconds have passed.

Returns true if the process finished; otherwise returns false (if the operation timed out, if an error occurred, or if this QProcess is already finished).

This function can operate without an event loop. It is useful when writing non-GUI applications and when performing I/O operations in a non-GUI thread.

Warning

Calling this function from the main (GUI) thread might cause your user interface to freeze.

If msecs is -1, this function will not time out.

See also

finished() waitForStarted() waitForReadyRead() waitForBytesWritten()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.waitForStarted([msecs=30000])
Parameters

msecsint

Return type

bool

Blocks until the process has started and the started() signal has been emitted, or until msecs milliseconds have passed.

Returns true if the process was started successfully; otherwise returns false (if the operation timed out or if an error occurred).

This function can operate without an event loop. It is useful when writing non-GUI applications and when performing I/O operations in a non-GUI thread.

Warning

Calling this function from the main (GUI) thread might cause your user interface to freeze.

If msecs is -1, this function will not time out.

Note

On some UNIX operating systems, this function may return true but the process may later report a FailedToStart error.

See also

started() waitForReadyRead() waitForBytesWritten() waitForFinished()

PySide2.QtCore.QProcess.workingDirectory()
Return type

unicode

If QProcess has been assigned a working directory, this function returns the working directory that the QProcess will enter before the program has started. Otherwise, (i.e., no directory has been assigned,) an empty string is returned, and QProcess will use the application’s current working directory instead.