QTemporaryFile

The QTemporaryFile class is an I/O device that operates on temporary files. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile

Synopsis

Functions

Static functions

Detailed Description

QTemporaryFile is used to create unique temporary files safely. The file itself is created by calling open() . The name of the temporary file is guaranteed to be unique (i.e., you are guaranteed to not overwrite an existing file), and the file will subsequently be removed upon destruction of the QTemporaryFile object. This is an important technique that avoids data corruption for applications that store data in temporary files. The file name is either auto-generated, or created based on a template, which is passed to QTemporaryFile ‘s constructor.

Example:

# Within a function/method...

file_ = QTemporaryFile()
if file_.open():
    # file_.fileName() returns the unique file name

# The QTemporaryFile destructor removes the temporary file
# as it goes out of scope.

Reopening a QTemporaryFile after calling close() is safe. For as long as the QTemporaryFile object itself is not destroyed, the unique temporary file will exist and be kept open internally by QTemporaryFile .

The file name of the temporary file can be found by calling fileName() . Note that this is only defined after the file is first opened; the function returns an empty string before this.

A temporary file will have some static part of the name and some part that is calculated to be unique. The default filename will be determined from applicationName() (otherwise qt_temp ) and will be placed into the temporary path as returned by tempPath() . If you specify your own filename, a relative file path will not be placed in the temporary directory by default, but be relative to the current working directory.

Specified filenames can contain the following template XXXXXX (six upper case “X” characters), which will be replaced by the auto-generated portion of the filename. Note that the template is case sensitive. If the template is not present in the filename, QTemporaryFile appends the generated part to the filename given.

See also

tempPath() QFile

class QTemporaryFile

QTemporaryFile(parent)

QTemporaryFile(templateName)

QTemporaryFile(templateName, parent)

param templateName

unicode

param parent

QObject

Constructs a QTemporaryFile using as file template the application name returned by applicationName() (otherwise qt_temp ) followed by “.XXXXXX”. The file is stored in the system’s temporary directory, tempPath() .

Constructs a QTemporaryFile (with the given parent ) using as file template the application name returned by applicationName() (otherwise qt_temp ) followed by “.XXXXXX”. The file is stored in the system’s temporary directory, tempPath() .

Constructs a QTemporaryFile with a template filename of templateName and the specified parent . Upon opening the temporary file this will be used to create a unique filename.

If the templateName does not contain XXXXXX it will automatically be appended and used as the dynamic portion of the filename.

If templateName is a relative path, the path will be relative to the current working directory. You can use tempPath() to construct templateName if you want use the system’s temporary directory.

PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.autoRemove()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the QTemporaryFile is in auto remove mode. Auto-remove mode will automatically delete the filename from disk upon destruction. This makes it very easy to create your QTemporaryFile object on the stack, fill it with data, read from it, and finally on function return it will automatically clean up after itself.

Auto-remove is on by default.

static PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.createLocalFile(file)
Parameters

fileQFile

Return type

QTemporaryFile

Note

This function is deprecated.

static PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.createLocalFile(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – unicode

Return type

QTemporaryFile

Note

This function is deprecated.

static PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.createNativeFile(file)
Parameters

fileQFile

Return type

QTemporaryFile

static PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.createNativeFile(fileName)
Parameters

fileName – unicode

Return type

QTemporaryFile

PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.fileTemplate()
Return type

unicode

Returns the set file template. The default file template will be called qcoreappname.XXXXXX and be placed in tempPath() .

PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.open()
Return type

bool

A QTemporaryFile will always be opened in ReadWrite mode, this allows easy access to the data in the file. This function will return true upon success and will set the fileName() to the unique filename used.

See also

fileName()

PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.setAutoRemove(b)
Parameters

bbool

Sets the QTemporaryFile into auto-remove mode if b is true .

Auto-remove is on by default.

If you set this property to false , ensure the application provides a way to remove the file once it is no longer needed, including passing the responsibility on to another process. Always use the fileName() function to obtain the name and never try to guess the name that QTemporaryFile has generated.

On some systems, if fileName() is not called before closing the file, the temporary file may be removed regardless of the state of this property. This behavior should not be relied upon, so application code should either call fileName() or leave the auto removal functionality enabled.

PySide2.QtCore.QTemporaryFile.setFileTemplate(name)
Parameters

name – unicode

Sets the static portion of the file name to name . If the file template contains XXXXXX that will automatically be replaced with the unique part of the filename, otherwise a filename will be determined automatically based on the static portion specified.

If name contains a relative file path, the path will be relative to the current working directory. You can use tempPath() to construct name if you want use the system’s temporary directory.

See also

fileTemplate()