QImageIOHandler

The QImageIOHandler class defines the common image I/O interface for all image formats in Qt. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler

Synopsis

Functions

Virtual functions

Detailed Description

Qt uses QImageIOHandler for reading and writing images through QImageReader and QImageWriter . You can also derive from this class to write your own image format handler using Qt’s plugin mechanism.

Call setDevice() to assign a device to the handler, and setFormat() to assign a format to it. One QImageIOHandler may support more than one image format. canRead() returns true if an image can be read from the device, and read() and write() return true if reading or writing an image was completed successfully.

QImageIOHandler also has support for animations formats, through the functions loopCount() , imageCount() , nextImageDelay() and currentImageNumber() .

In order to determine what options an image handler supports, Qt will call supportsOption() and setOption() . Make sure to reimplement these functions if you can provide support for any of the options in the ImageOption enum.

To write your own image handler, you must at least reimplement canRead() and read() . Then create a QImageIOPlugin that can create the handler. Finally, install your plugin, and QImageReader and QImageWriter will then automatically load the plugin, and start using it.

See also

QImageIOPlugin QImageReader QImageWriter

class QImageIOHandler

Constructs a QImageIOHandler object.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.ImageOption

This enum describes the different options supported by QImageIOHandler . Some options are used to query an image for properties, and others are used to toggle the way in which an image should be written.

Constant

Description

QImageIOHandler.Size

The original size of an image. A handler that supports this option is expected to read the size of the image from the image metadata, and return this size from option() as a QSize .

QImageIOHandler.ClipRect

The clip rect, or ROI (Region Of Interest). A handler that supports this option is expected to only read the provided QRect area from the original image in read() , before any other transformation is applied.

QImageIOHandler.ScaledSize

The scaled size of the image. A handler that supports this option is expected to scale the image to the provided size (a QSize ), after applying any clip rect transformation (). If the handler does not support this option, QImageReader will perform the scaling after the image has been read.

QImageIOHandler.ScaledClipRect

The scaled clip rect (or ROI, Region Of Interest) of the image. A handler that supports this option is expected to apply the provided clip rect (a QRect ), after applying any scaling (ScaleSize) or regular clipping (). If the handler does not support this option, QImageReader will apply the scaled clip rect after the image has been read.

QImageIOHandler.Description

The image description. Some image formats, such as GIF and PNG, allow embedding of text or comments into the image data (e.g., for storing copyright information). It’s common that the text is stored in key-value pairs, but some formats store all text in one continuous block. QImageIOHandler returns the text as one QString , where keys and values are separated by a ‘:’, and keys-value pairs are separated by two newlines (\n\n). For example, “Title: Sunset\n\nAuthor: Jim Smith\nSarah Jones\n\n”. Formats that store text in a single block can use “Description” as the key.

QImageIOHandler.CompressionRatio

The compression ratio of the image data. A handler that supports this option is expected to set its compression rate depending on the value of this option (an int) when writing.

QImageIOHandler.Gamma

The gamma level of the image. A handler that supports this option is expected to set the image gamma level depending on the value of this option (a float) when writing.

QImageIOHandler.Quality

The quality level of the image. A handler that supports this option is expected to set the image quality level depending on the value of this option (an int) when writing.

QImageIOHandler.Name

The name of the image. A handler that supports this option is expected to read the name from the image metadata and return this as a QString , or when writing an image it is expected to store the name in the image metadata.

QImageIOHandler.SubType

The subtype of the image. A handler that supports this option can use the subtype value to help when reading and writing images. For example, a PPM handler may have a subtype value of “ppm” or “ppmraw”.

QImageIOHandler.IncrementalReading

A handler that supports this option is expected to read the image in several passes, as if it was an animation. QImageReader will treat the image as an animation.

QImageIOHandler.Endianness

The endianness of the image. Certain image formats can be stored as BigEndian or LittleEndian. A handler that supports Endianness uses the value of this option to determine how the image should be stored.

QImageIOHandler.Animation

Image formats that support animation return true for this value in supportsOption() ; otherwise, false is returned.

QImageIOHandler.BackgroundColor

Certain image formats allow the background color to be specified. A handler that supports initializes the background color to this option (a QColor ) when reading an image.

QImageIOHandler.ImageFormat

The image’s data format returned by the handler. This can be any of the formats listed in Format .

QImageIOHandler.SupportedSubTypes

Image formats that support different saving variants should return a list of supported variant names ( QList < QByteArray >) in this option.

QImageIOHandler.OptimizedWrite

. A handler which supports this option is expected to turn on optimization flags when writing.

QImageIOHandler.ProgressiveScanWrite

. A handler which supports this option is expected to write the image as a progressive scan image.

QImageIOHandler.ImageTransformation

. A handler which supports this option can read the transformation metadata of an image. A handler that supports this option should not apply the transformation itself.

QImageIOHandler.TransformedByDefault

. A handler that reports support for this feature will have image transformation metadata applied by default on read.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.Transformation

This enum describes the different transformations or orientations supported by some image formats, usually through EXIF.

Constant

Description

QImageIOHandler.TransformationNone

No transformation should be applied.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationMirror

Mirror the image horizontally.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationFlip

Mirror the image vertically.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationRotate180

Rotate the image 180 degrees. This is the same as mirroring it both horizontally and vertically.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationRotate90

Rotate the image 90 degrees.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationMirrorAndRotate90

Mirror the image horizontally and then rotate it 90 degrees.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationFlipAndRotate90

Mirror the image vertically and then rotate it 90 degrees.

QImageIOHandler.TransformationRotate270

Rotate the image 270 degrees. This is the same as mirroring it both horizontally, vertically and then rotating it 90 degrees.

New in version 5.5.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.canRead()
Return type

bool

Returns true if an image can be read from the device (i.e., the image format is supported, the device can be read from and the initial header information suggests that the image can be read); otherwise returns false .

When reimplementing , make sure that the I/O device ( device() ) is left in its original state (e.g., by using peek() rather than read() ).

See also

read() peek()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.currentImageNumber()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the sequence number of the current image in the animation. If this function is called before any image is read() , -1 is returned. The number of the first image in the sequence is 0.

If the image format does not support animation, 0 is returned.

See also

read()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.currentImageRect()
Return type

QRect

Returns the rect of the current image. If no rect is defined for the image, and empty QRect() is returned.

This function is useful for animations, where only parts of the frame may be updated at a time.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.device()
Return type

QIODevice

Returns the device currently assigned to the QImageIOHandler . If not device has been assigned, None is returned.

See also

setDevice()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.format()
Return type

QByteArray

Returns the format that is currently assigned to QImageIOHandler . If no format has been assigned, an empty string is returned.

See also

setFormat()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.imageCount()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the number of images in the animation. If the image format does not support animation, or if it is unable to determine the number of images, 0 is returned.

The default implementation returns 1 if canRead() returns true ; otherwise 0 is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.jumpToImage(imageNumber)
Parameters

imageNumberint

Return type

bool

For image formats that support animation, this function jumps to the image whose sequence number is imageNumber . The next call to read() will attempt to read this image.

The default implementation does nothing, and returns false .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.jumpToNextImage()
Return type

bool

For image formats that support animation, this function jumps to the next image.

The default implementation does nothing, and returns false .

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.loopCount()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the number of times the animation should loop. If the image format does not support animation, 0 is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.name()
Return type

QByteArray

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use format() instead.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.nextImageDelay()
Return type

int

For image formats that support animation, this function returns the number of milliseconds to wait until reading the next image. If the image format does not support animation, 0 is returned.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.option(option)
Parameters

optionImageOption

Return type

object

Returns the value assigned to option as a QVariant . The type of the value depends on the option. For example, option(Size) returns a QSize variant.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.read(image)
Parameters

imageQImage

Return type

bool

Read an image from the device, and stores it in image . Returns true if the image is successfully read; otherwise returns false.

For image formats that support incremental loading, and for animation formats, the image handler can assume that image points to the previous frame.

See also

canRead()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.setDevice(device)
Parameters

deviceQIODevice

Sets the device of the QImageIOHandler to device . The image handler will use this device when reading and writing images.

The device can only be set once and must be set before calling canRead() , read() , write() , etc. If you need to read multiple files, construct multiple instances of the appropriate QImageIOHandler subclass.

See also

device()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.setFormat(format)
Parameters

formatQByteArray

Sets the format of the QImageIOHandler to format . The format is most useful for handlers that support multiple image formats.

This function is declared const so that it can be called from canRead() .

See also

format()

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.setOption(option, value)
Parameters

Sets the option option with the value value .

See also

option() ImageOption

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.supportsOption(option)
Parameters

optionImageOption

Return type

bool

Returns true if the QImageIOHandler supports the option option ; otherwise returns false . For example, if the QImageIOHandler supports the Size option, (Size) must return true.

PySide2.QtGui.QImageIOHandler.write(image)
Parameters

imageQImage

Return type

bool

Writes the image image to the assigned device. Returns true on success; otherwise returns false .

The default implementation does nothing, and simply returns false .