QSslConfiguration

The QSslConfiguration class holds the configuration and state of an SSL connection. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration

Synopsis

Functions

Static functions

Detailed Description

QSslConfiguration is used by Qt networking classes to relay information about an open SSL connection and to allow the application to control certain features of that connection.

The settings that QSslConfiguration currently supports are:

  • The SSL/TLS protocol to be used

  • The certificate to be presented to the peer during connection and its associated private key

  • The ciphers allowed to be used for encrypting the connection

  • The list of Certificate Authorities certificates that are used to validate the peer’s certificate

These settings are applied only during the connection handshake. Setting them after the connection has been established has no effect.

The state that QSslConfiguration supports are:

  • The certificate the peer presented during handshake, along with the chain leading to a CA certificate

  • The cipher used to encrypt this session

The state can only be obtained once the SSL connection starts, but not necessarily before it’s done. Some settings may change during the course of the SSL connection without need to restart it (for instance, the cipher can be changed over time).

State in QSslConfiguration objects cannot be changed.

QSslConfiguration can be used with QSslSocket and the Network Access API.

Note that changing settings in QSslConfiguration is not enough to change the settings in the related SSL connection. You must call setSslConfiguration on a modified QSslConfiguration object to achieve that. The following example illustrates how to change the protocol to TLSv1_0 in a QSslSocket object:

config = sslSocket.sslConfiguration()
config.setProtocol(QSsl.TlsV1)
sslSocket.setSslConfiguration(config)
class QSslConfiguration

QSslConfiguration(other)

param other

QSslConfiguration

Constructs an empty SSL configuration. This configuration contains no valid settings and the state will be empty. isNull() will return true after this constructor is called.

Once any setter methods are called, isNull() will return false.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.NextProtocolNegotiationStatus

Describes the status of the Next Protocol Negotiation (NPN) or Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN).

Constant

Description

QSslConfiguration.NextProtocolNegotiationNone

No application protocol has been negotiated (yet).

QSslConfiguration.NextProtocolNegotiationNegotiated

A next protocol has been negotiated (see nextNegotiatedProtocol() ).

QSslConfiguration.NextProtocolNegotiationUnsupported

The client and server could not agree on a common next application protocol.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.ALPNProtocolHTTP2
PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.NextProtocolSpdy3_0
PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.NextProtocolHttp1_1
PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.allowedNextProtocols()
Return type

This function returns the allowed protocols to be negotiated with the server through the Next Protocol Negotiation (NPN) or Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN) TLS extension, as set by setAllowedNextProtocols() .

See also

nextNegotiatedProtocol() nextProtocolNegotiationStatus() setAllowedNextProtocols() QSslConfiguration::NextProtocolSpdy3_0 QSslConfiguration::NextProtocolHttp1_1

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.backendConfiguration()
Return type

Returns the backend-specific configuration.

Only options set by setBackendConfigurationOption() or setBackendConfiguration() will be returned. The internal standard configuration of the backend is not reported.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.caCertificates()
Return type

Returns this connection’s CA certificate database. The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate. It can be modified prior to the handshake with setCaCertificates() , or with QSslSocket ‘s addCaCertificate() and addCaCertificates() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.ciphers()
Return type

Returns this connection’s current cryptographic cipher suite. This list is used during the handshake phase for choosing a session cipher. The returned list of ciphers is ordered by descending preference. (i.e., the first cipher in the list is the most preferred cipher). The session cipher will be the first one in the list that is also supported by the peer.

By default, the handshake phase can choose any of the ciphers supported by this system’s SSL libraries, which may vary from system to system. The list of ciphers supported by this system’s SSL libraries is returned by supportedCiphers() . You can restrict the list of ciphers used for choosing the session cipher for this socket by calling setCiphers() with a subset of the supported ciphers. You can revert to using the entire set by calling setCiphers() with the list returned by supportedCiphers() .

Note

This is not currently supported in the Schannel backend.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.defaultConfiguration()
Return type

QSslConfiguration

Returns the default SSL configuration to be used in new SSL connections.

The default SSL configuration consists of:

  • no local certificate and no private key

  • protocol SecureProtocols

  • the system’s default CA certificate list

  • the cipher list equal to the list of the SSL libraries’ supported SSL ciphers that are 128 bits or more

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.defaultDtlsConfiguration()
Return type

QSslConfiguration

Returns the default DTLS configuration to be used in new DTLS connections.

The default DTLS configuration consists of:

  • no local certificate and no private key

  • protocol DtlsV1_2OrLater

  • the system’s default CA certificate list

  • the cipher list equal to the list of the SSL libraries’ supported TLS 1.2 ciphers that use 128 or more secret bits for the cipher.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.diffieHellmanParameters()
Return type

QSslDiffieHellmanParameters

Retrieves the current set of Diffie-Hellman parameters.

If no Diffie-Hellman parameters have been set, the QSslConfiguration object defaults to using the 1024-bit MODP group from RFC 2409.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.dtlsCookieVerificationEnabled()
Return type

bool

This function returns true if DTLS cookie verification was enabled on a server-side socket.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.ephemeralServerKey()
Return type

QSslKey

Returns the ephemeral server key used for cipher algorithms with forward secrecy, e.g. DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA.

The ephemeral key is only available when running in client mode, i.e. SslClientMode . When running in server mode or using a cipher algorithm without forward secrecy a null key is returned. The ephemeral server key will be set before emitting the encrypted() signal.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.isNull()
Return type

bool

Returns true if this is a null QSslConfiguration object.

A QSslConfiguration object is null if it has been default-constructed and no setter methods have been called.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.localCertificate()
Return type

QSslCertificate

Returns the certificate to be presented to the peer during the SSL handshake process.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.localCertificateChain()
Return type

Returns the certificate chain to be presented to the peer during the SSL handshake process.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.nextNegotiatedProtocol()
Return type

QByteArray

This function returns the protocol negotiated with the server if the Next Protocol Negotiation (NPN) or Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN) TLS extension was enabled. In order for the NPN/ALPN extension to be enabled, setAllowedNextProtocols() needs to be called explicitly before connecting to the server.

If no protocol could be negotiated or the extension was not enabled, this function returns a QByteArray which is null.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.nextProtocolNegotiationStatus()
Return type

NextProtocolNegotiationStatus

This function returns the status of the Next Protocol Negotiation (NPN) or Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN). If the feature has not been enabled through setAllowedNextProtocols() , this function returns NextProtocolNegotiationNone . The status will be set before emitting the encrypted() signal.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.ocspStaplingEnabled()
Return type

bool

Returns true if OCSP stapling was enabled by setOCSPStaplingEnabled(), otherwise false (which is the default value).

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.__ne__(other)
Parameters

otherQSslConfiguration

Return type

bool

Returns true if this QSslConfiguration differs from other . Two QSslConfiguration objects are considered different if any state or setting is different.

See also

operator==()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.__eq__(other)
Parameters

otherQSslConfiguration

Return type

bool

Returns true if this QSslConfiguration object is equal to other .

Two QSslConfiguration objects are considered equal if they have the exact same settings and state.

See also

operator!=()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.peerCertificate()
Return type

QSslCertificate

Returns the peer’s digital certificate (i.e., the immediate certificate of the host you are connected to), or a null certificate, if the peer has not assigned a certificate.

The peer certificate is checked automatically during the handshake phase, so this function is normally used to fetch the certificate for display or for connection diagnostic purposes. It contains information about the peer, including its host name, the certificate issuer, and the peer’s public key.

Because the peer certificate is set during the handshake phase, it is safe to access the peer certificate from a slot connected to the sslErrors() signal, sslErrors() signal, or the encrypted() signal.

If a null certificate is returned, it can mean the SSL handshake failed, or it can mean the host you are connected to doesn’t have a certificate, or it can mean there is no connection.

If you want to check the peer’s complete chain of certificates, use peerCertificateChain() to get them all at once.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.peerCertificateChain()
Return type

Returns the peer’s chain of digital certificates, starting with the peer’s immediate certificate and ending with the CA’s certificate.

Peer certificates are checked automatically during the handshake phase. This function is normally used to fetch certificates for display, or for performing connection diagnostics. Certificates contain information about the peer and the certificate issuers, including host name, issuer names, and issuer public keys.

Because the peer certificate is set during the handshake phase, it is safe to access the peer certificate from a slot connected to the sslErrors() signal, sslErrors() signal, or the encrypted() signal.

If an empty list is returned, it can mean the SSL handshake failed, or it can mean the host you are connected to doesn’t have a certificate, or it can mean there is no connection.

If you want to get only the peer’s immediate certificate, use peerCertificate() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.peerVerifyDepth()
Return type

int

Returns the maximum number of certificates in the peer’s certificate chain to be checked during the SSL handshake phase, or 0 (the default) if no maximum depth has been set, indicating that the whole certificate chain should be checked.

The certificates are checked in issuing order, starting with the peer’s own certificate, then its issuer’s certificate, and so on.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.peerVerifyMode()
Return type

PeerVerifyMode

Returns the verify mode. This mode decides whether QSslSocket should request a certificate from the peer (i.e., the client requests a certificate from the server, or a server requesting a certificate from the client), and whether it should require that this certificate is valid.

The default mode is AutoVerifyPeer, which tells QSslSocket to use VerifyPeer for clients, QueryPeer for servers.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.preSharedKeyIdentityHint()
Return type

QByteArray

Returns the identity hint.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.privateKey()
Return type

QSslKey

Returns the SSL key assigned to this connection or a null key if none has been assigned yet.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.protocol()
Return type

SslProtocol

Returns the protocol setting for this SSL configuration.

See also

setProtocol()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.sessionCipher()
Return type

QSslCipher

Returns the socket’s cryptographic cipher , or a null cipher if the connection isn’t encrypted. The socket’s cipher for the session is set during the handshake phase. The cipher is used to encrypt and decrypt data transmitted through the socket.

The SSL infrastructure also provides functions for setting the ordered list of ciphers from which the handshake phase will eventually select the session cipher. This ordered list must be in place before the handshake phase begins.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.sessionProtocol()
Return type

SslProtocol

Returns the socket’s SSL/TLS protocol or UnknownProtocol if the connection isn’t encrypted. The socket’s protocol for the session is set during the handshake phase.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.sessionTicket()
Return type

QByteArray

If SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence was turned off, this function returns the session ticket used in the SSL handshake in ASN.1 format, suitable to e.g. be persisted to disk. If no session ticket was used or SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence was not turned off, this function returns an empty QByteArray .

Note

When persisting the session ticket to disk or similar, be careful not to expose the session to a potential attacker, as knowledge of the session allows for eavesdropping on data encrypted with the session parameters.

See also

setSessionTicket() SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence setSslOption()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.sessionTicketLifeTimeHint()
Return type

int

If SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence was turned off, this function returns the session ticket life time hint sent by the server (which might be 0). If the server did not send a session ticket (e.g. when resuming a session or when the server does not support it) or SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence was not turned off, this function returns -1.

See also

sessionTicket() SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence setSslOption()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setAllowedNextProtocols(protocols)
Parameters

protocols

This function sets the allowed protocols to be negotiated with the server through the Next Protocol Negotiation (NPN) or Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN) TLS extension; each element in protocols must define one allowed protocol. The function must be called explicitly before connecting to send the NPN/ALPN extension in the SSL handshake. Whether or not the negotiation succeeded can be queried through nextProtocolNegotiationStatus() .

See also

nextNegotiatedProtocol() nextProtocolNegotiationStatus() allowedNextProtocols() QSslConfiguration::NextProtocolSpdy3_0 QSslConfiguration::NextProtocolHttp1_1

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setBackendConfiguration([backendConfiguration=QMap< QByteArray, QVariant >()])
Parameters

backendConfiguration

Sets or clears the backend-specific configuration.

Without a backendConfiguration parameter this function will clear the backend-specific configuration. More information about the supported options is available in the documentation of setBackendConfigurationOption() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setBackendConfigurationOption(name, value)
Parameters
  • nameQByteArray

  • value – object

Sets the option name in the backend-specific configuration to value .

Options supported by the OpenSSL (>= 1.0.2) backend are available in the supported configuration file commands documentation. The expected type for the value parameter is a QByteArray for all options. The examples show how to use some of the options.

Note

The backend-specific configuration will be applied after the general configuration. Using the backend-specific configuration to set a general configuration option again will overwrite the general configuration option.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setCaCertificates(certificates)
Parameters

certificates

Sets this socket’s CA certificate database to be certificates . The certificate database must be set prior to the SSL handshake. The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate.

Note

The default configuration uses the system CA certificate database. If that is not available (as is commonly the case on iOS), the default database is empty.

See also

caCertificates()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setCiphers(ciphers)
Parameters

ciphers

Sets the cryptographic cipher suite for this socket to ciphers , which must contain a subset of the ciphers in the list returned by supportedCiphers() .

Restricting the cipher suite must be done before the handshake phase, where the session cipher is chosen.

Note

This is not currently supported in the Schannel backend.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setDefaultConfiguration(configuration)
Parameters

configurationQSslConfiguration

Sets the default SSL configuration to be used in new SSL connections to be configuration . Existing connections are not affected by this call.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setDefaultDtlsConfiguration(configuration)
Parameters

configurationQSslConfiguration

Sets the default DTLS configuration to be used in new DTLS connections to be configuration . Existing connections are not affected by this call.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setDiffieHellmanParameters(dhparams)
Parameters

dhparamsQSslDiffieHellmanParameters

Sets a custom set of Diffie-Hellman parameters to be used by this socket when functioning as a server to dhparams .

If no Diffie-Hellman parameters have been set, the QSslConfiguration object defaults to using the 1024-bit MODP group from RFC 2409.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setDtlsCookieVerificationEnabled(enable)
Parameters

enablebool

This function enables DTLS cookie verification when enable is true.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setLocalCertificate(certificate)
Parameters

certificateQSslCertificate

Sets the certificate to be presented to the peer during SSL handshake to be certificate .

Setting the certificate once the connection has been established has no effect.

A certificate is the means of identification used in the SSL process. The local certificate is used by the remote end to verify the local user’s identity against its list of Certification Authorities. In most cases, such as in HTTP web browsing, only servers identify to the clients, so the client does not send a certificate.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setLocalCertificateChain(localChain)
Parameters

localChain

Sets the certificate chain to be presented to the peer during the SSL handshake to be localChain .

Setting the certificate chain once the connection has been established has no effect.

A certificate is the means of identification used in the SSL process. The local certificate is used by the remote end to verify the local user’s identity against its list of Certification Authorities. In most cases, such as in HTTP web browsing, only servers identify to the clients, so the client does not send a certificate.

Unlike setLocalCertificate() this method allows you to specify any intermediate certificates required in order to validate your certificate. The first item in the list must be the leaf certificate.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setOcspStaplingEnabled(enable)
Parameters

enablebool

If enabled is true, client QSslSocket will send a certificate status request to its peer when initiating a handshake. During the handshake QSslSocket will verify the server’s response. This value must be set before the handshake starts.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setPeerVerifyDepth(depth)
Parameters

depthint

Sets the maximum number of certificates in the peer’s certificate chain to be checked during the SSL handshake phase, to depth . Setting a depth of 0 means that no maximum depth is set, indicating that the whole certificate chain should be checked.

The certificates are checked in issuing order, starting with the peer’s own certificate, then its issuer’s certificate, and so on.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setPeerVerifyMode(mode)
Parameters

modePeerVerifyMode

Sets the verify mode to mode . This mode decides whether QSslSocket should request a certificate from the peer (i.e., the client requests a certificate from the server, or a server requesting a certificate from the client), and whether it should require that this certificate is valid.

The default mode is AutoVerifyPeer, which tells QSslSocket to use VerifyPeer for clients, QueryPeer for servers.

See also

peerVerifyMode()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setPreSharedKeyIdentityHint(hint)
Parameters

hintQByteArray

Sets the identity hint for a preshared key authentication to hint . This will affect the next initiated handshake; calling this function on an already-encrypted socket will not affect the socket’s identity hint.

The identity hint is used in SslServerMode only!

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setPrivateKey(key)
Parameters

keyQSslKey

Sets the connection’s private key to key . The private key and the local certificate are used by clients and servers that must prove their identity to SSL peers.

Both the key and the local certificate are required if you are creating an SSL server socket. If you are creating an SSL client socket, the key and local certificate are required if your client must identify itself to an SSL server.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setProtocol(protocol)
Parameters

protocolSslProtocol

Sets the protocol setting for this configuration to be protocol .

Setting the protocol once the connection has already been established has no effect.

See also

protocol()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setSessionTicket(sessionTicket)
Parameters

sessionTicketQByteArray

Sets the session ticket to be used in an SSL handshake. SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence must be turned off for this to work, and sessionTicket must be in ASN.1 format as returned by sessionTicket() .

See also

sessionTicket() SslOptionDisableSessionPersistence setSslOption()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.setSslOption(option, on)
Parameters
  • optionSslOption

  • onbool

Enables or disables an SSL compatibility option . If on is true, the option is enabled. If on is false, the option is disabled.

See also

testSslOption()

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.supportedCiphers()
Return type

Returns the list of cryptographic ciphers supported by this system. This list is set by the system’s SSL libraries and may vary from system to system.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.swap(other)
Parameters

otherQSslConfiguration

Swaps this SSL configuration instance with other . This function is very fast and never fails.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.systemCaCertificates()
Return type

This function provides the CA certificate database provided by the operating system. The CA certificate database returned by this function is used to initialize the database returned by caCertificates() on the default QSslConfiguration .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslConfiguration.testSslOption(option)
Parameters

optionSslOption

Return type

bool

Returns true if the specified SSL compatibility option is enabled.

See also

setSslOption()