QSslSocket

The QSslSocket class provides an SSL encrypted socket for both clients and servers. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket

Synopsis

Functions

Signals

Static functions

Detailed Description

QSslSocket establishes a secure, encrypted TCP connection you can use for transmitting encrypted data. It can operate in both client and server mode, and it supports modern SSL protocols, including SSL 3 and TLS 1.2. By default, QSslSocket uses only SSL protocols which are considered to be secure ( SecureProtocols ), but you can change the SSL protocol by calling setProtocol() as long as you do it before the handshake has started.

SSL encryption operates on top of the existing TCP stream after the socket enters the ConnectedState . There are two simple ways to establish a secure connection using QSslSocket : With an immediate SSL handshake, or with a delayed SSL handshake occurring after the connection has been established in unencrypted mode.

The most common way to use QSslSocket is to construct an object and start a secure connection by calling connectToHostEncrypted() . This method starts an immediate SSL handshake once the connection has been established.

socket = QSslSocket(self)
QObject.connect(socket, SIGNAL("encrypted()"), self, SLOT("ready()"))

socket.connectToHostEncrypted("imap.example.com", 993)

As with a plain QTcpSocket , QSslSocket enters the HostLookupState , ConnectingState , and finally the ConnectedState , if the connection is successful. The handshake then starts automatically, and if it succeeds, the encrypted() signal is emitted to indicate the socket has entered the encrypted state and is ready for use.

Note that data can be written to the socket immediately after the return from connectToHostEncrypted() (i.e., before the encrypted() signal is emitted). The data is queued in QSslSocket until after the encrypted() signal is emitted.

An example of using the delayed SSL handshake to secure an existing connection is the case where an SSL server secures an incoming connection. Suppose you create an SSL server class as a subclass of QTcpServer . You would override incomingConnection() with something like the example below, which first constructs an instance of QSslSocket and then calls setSocketDescriptor() to set the new socket’s descriptor to the existing one passed in. It then initiates the SSL handshake by calling startServerEncryption() .

def incomingConnection(socketDescriptor):
    serverSocket = QSslSocket()
    if serverSocket.setSocketDescriptor(socketDescriptor):
        QObject.connect(serverSocket, SIGNAL("encrypted()"), self, SLOT("ready()"))
        serverSocket.startServerEncryption()

If an error occurs, QSslSocket emits the sslErrors() signal. In this case, if no action is taken to ignore the error(s), the connection is dropped. To continue, despite the occurrence of an error, you can call ignoreSslErrors() , either from within this slot after the error occurs, or any time after construction of the QSslSocket and before the connection is attempted. This will allow QSslSocket to ignore the errors it encounters when establishing the identity of the peer. Ignoring errors during an SSL handshake should be used with caution, since a fundamental characteristic of secure connections is that they should be established with a successful handshake.

Once encrypted, you use QSslSocket as a regular QTcpSocket . When readyRead() is emitted, you can call read() , canReadLine() and readLine() , or getChar() to read decrypted data from QSslSocket ‘s internal buffer, and you can call write() or putChar() to write data back to the peer. QSslSocket will automatically encrypt the written data for you, and emit encryptedBytesWritten() once the data has been written to the peer.

As a convenience, QSslSocket supports QTcpSocket ‘s blocking functions waitForConnected() , waitForReadyRead() , waitForBytesWritten() , and waitForDisconnected() . It also provides waitForEncrypted() , which will block the calling thread until an encrypted connection has been established.

socket = QSslSocket()
socket.connectToHostEncrypted("http.example.com", 443)
if not socket.waitForEncrypted():
    print socket.errorString()
    return false

socket.write("GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n")
while socket.waitForReadyRead():
    print socket.readAll().data()

QSslSocket provides an extensive, easy-to-use API for handling cryptographic ciphers, private keys, and local, peer, and Certification Authority (CA) certificates. It also provides an API for handling errors that occur during the handshake phase.

The following features can also be customized:

Note

If available, root certificates on Unix (excluding macOS ) will be loaded on demand from the standard certificate directories. If you do not want to load root certificates on demand, you need to call either defaultConfiguration() . setCaCertificates() before the first SSL handshake is made in your application (for example, via passing systemCaCertificates() to it), or call defaultConfiguration() ::setCaCertificates() on your QSslSocket instance prior to the SSL handshake.

For more information about ciphers and certificates, refer to QSslCipher and QSslCertificate .

This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit ( http://www.openssl.org/ ).

Note

Be aware of the difference between the bytesWritten() signal and the encryptedBytesWritten() signal. For a QTcpSocket , bytesWritten() will get emitted as soon as data has been written to the TCP socket. For a QSslSocket , bytesWritten() will get emitted when the data is being encrypted and encryptedBytesWritten() will get emitted as soon as data has been written to the TCP socket.

class QSslSocket([parent=None])
param parent

QObject

Constructs a QSslSocket object. parent is passed to QObject ‘s constructor. The new socket’s cipher suite is set to the one returned by the static method defaultCiphers() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.SslMode

Describes the connection modes available for QSslSocket .

Constant

Description

QSslSocket.UnencryptedMode

The socket is unencrypted. Its behavior is identical to QTcpSocket .

QSslSocket.SslClientMode

The socket is a client-side SSL socket. It is either alreayd encrypted, or it is in the SSL handshake phase (see isEncrypted() ).

QSslSocket.SslServerMode

The socket is a server-side SSL socket. It is either already encrypted, or it is in the SSL handshake phase (see isEncrypted() ).

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.PeerVerifyMode

Describes the peer verification modes for QSslSocket . The default mode is , which selects an appropriate mode depending on the socket’s QSocket::SslMode.

Constant

Description

QSslSocket.VerifyNone

QSslSocket will not request a certificate from the peer. You can set this mode if you are not interested in the identity of the other side of the connection. The connection will still be encrypted, and your socket will still send its local certificate to the peer if it’s requested.

QSslSocket.QueryPeer

QSslSocket will request a certificate from the peer, but does not require this certificate to be valid. This is useful when you want to display peer certificate details to the user without affecting the actual SSL handshake. This mode is the default for servers. Note: In Schannel this value acts the same as .

QSslSocket.VerifyPeer

QSslSocket will request a certificate from the peer during the SSL handshake phase, and requires that this certificate is valid. On failure, QSslSocket will emit the sslErrors() signal. This mode is the default for clients.

QSslSocket.AutoVerifyPeer

QSslSocket will automatically use for server sockets and for client sockets.

See also

peerVerifyMode()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.addCaCertificate(certificate)
Parameters

certificateQSslCertificate

Adds the certificate to this socket’s CA certificate database. The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate.

To add multiple certificates, use addCaCertificates() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.addCaCertificates(path[, format=QSsl.Pem[, syntax=QRegExp.FixedString]])
Parameters
  • path – unicode

  • formatEncodingFormat

  • syntaxPatternSyntax

Return type

bool

Searches all files in the path for certificates encoded in the specified format and adds them to this socket’s CA certificate database. path must be a file or a pattern matching one or more files, as specified by syntax . Returns true if one or more certificates are added to the socket’s CA certificate database; otherwise returns false .

The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate.

For more precise control, use addCaCertificate() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.addCaCertificates(certificates)
Parameters

certificates

Adds the certificates to this socket’s CA certificate database. The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate.

For more precise control, use addCaCertificate() .

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.addDefaultCaCertificate(certificate)
Parameters

certificateQSslCertificate

Adds certificate to the default CA certificate database. Each SSL socket’s CA certificate database is initialized to the default CA certificate database.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.addDefaultCaCertificates(certificates)
Parameters

certificates

Adds certificates to the default CA certificate database. Each SSL socket’s CA certificate database is initialized to the default CA certificate database.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.addDefaultCaCertificates(path[, format=QSsl.Pem[, syntax=QRegExp.FixedString]])
Parameters
  • path – unicode

  • formatEncodingFormat

  • syntaxPatternSyntax

Return type

bool

Searches all files in the path for certificates with the specified encoding and adds them to the default CA certificate database. path can be an explicit file, or it can contain wildcards in the format specified by syntax . Returns true if any CA certificates are added to the default database.

Each SSL socket’s CA certificate database is initialized to the default CA certificate database.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.caCertificates()
Return type

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use caCertificates() instead.

Returns this socket’s CA certificate database. The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate. It can be moodified prior to the handshake with addCaCertificate() , addCaCertificates() , and setCaCertificates() .

Note

On Unix, this method may return an empty list if the root certificates are loaded on demand.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.ciphers()
Return type

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use ciphers() instead.

Returns this socket’s current cryptographic cipher suite. This list is used during the socket’s handshake phase for choosing a session cipher. The returned list of ciphers is ordered by descending preference. (i.e., the first cipher in the list is the most preferred cipher). The session cipher will be the first one in the list that is also supported by the peer.

By default, the handshake phase can choose any of the ciphers supported by this system’s SSL libraries, which may vary from system to system. The list of ciphers supported by this system’s SSL libraries is returned by supportedCiphers() . You can restrict the list of ciphers used for choosing the session cipher for this socket by calling setCiphers() with a subset of the supported ciphers. You can revert to using the entire set by calling setCiphers() with the list returned by supportedCiphers() .

You can restrict the list of ciphers used for choosing the session cipher for all sockets by calling setDefaultCiphers() with a subset of the supported ciphers. You can revert to using the entire set by calling setCiphers() with the list returned by supportedCiphers() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.connectToHostEncrypted(hostName, port[, mode=QIODevice.ReadWrite[, protocol=AnyIPProtocol]])
Parameters
  • hostName – unicode

  • portquint16

  • modeOpenMode

  • protocolNetworkLayerProtocol

Starts an encrypted connection to the device hostName on port , using mode as the OpenMode . This is equivalent to calling connectToHost() to establish the connection, followed by a call to startClientEncryption() . The protocol parameter can be used to specify which network protocol to use (eg. IPv4 or IPv6).

QSslSocket first enters the HostLookupState . Then, after entering either the event loop or one of the waitFor…() functions, it enters the ConnectingState , emits connected() , and then initiates the SSL client handshake. At each state change, QSslSocket emits signal stateChanged() .

After initiating the SSL client handshake, if the identity of the peer can’t be established, signal sslErrors() is emitted. If you want to ignore the errors and continue connecting, you must call ignoreSslErrors() , either from inside a slot function connected to the sslErrors() signal, or prior to entering encrypted mode. If ignoreSslErrors() is not called, the connection is dropped, signal disconnected() is emitted, and QSslSocket returns to the UnconnectedState .

If the SSL handshake is successful, QSslSocket emits encrypted() .

socket = QSslSocket()
QObject.connect(socket, SIGNAL("encrypted()"), receiver, SLOT("socketEncrypted()"))

socket.connectToHostEncrypted("imap", 993)
socket.write("1 CAPABILITY\r\n")

Note

The example above shows that text can be written to the socket immediately after requesting the encrypted connection, before the encrypted() signal has been emitted. In such cases, the text is queued in the object and written to the socket after the connection is established and the encrypted() signal has been emitted.

The default for mode is ReadWrite .

If you want to create a QSslSocket on the server side of a connection, you should instead call startServerEncryption() upon receiving the incoming connection through QTcpServer .

See also

connectToHost() startClientEncryption() waitForConnected() waitForEncrypted()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.connectToHostEncrypted(hostName, port, sslPeerName[, mode=QIODevice.ReadWrite[, protocol=AnyIPProtocol]])
Parameters
  • hostName – unicode

  • portquint16

  • sslPeerName – unicode

  • modeOpenMode

  • protocolNetworkLayerProtocol

This is an overloaded function.

In addition to the original behaviour of connectToHostEncrypted , this overloaded method enables the usage of a different hostname (sslPeerName ) for the certificate validation instead of the one used for the TCP connection (hostName ).

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.defaultCaCertificates()
Return type

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use caCertificates() on the default QSslConfiguration instead.

Returns the current default CA certificate database. This database is originally set to your system’s default CA certificate database. If no system default database is found, an empty database will be returned. You can override the default CA certificate database with your own CA certificate database using setDefaultCaCertificates() .

Each SSL socket’s CA certificate database is initialized to the default CA certificate database.

Note

On Unix, this method may return an empty list if the root certificates are loaded on demand.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.defaultCiphers()
Return type

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use ciphers() on the default QSslConfiguration instead.

Returns the default cryptographic cipher suite for all sockets in this application. This list is used during the socket’s handshake phase when negotiating with the peer to choose a session cipher. The list is ordered by preference (i.e., the first cipher in the list is the most preferred cipher).

By default, the handshake phase can choose any of the ciphers supported by this system’s SSL libraries, which may vary from system to system. The list of ciphers supported by this system’s SSL libraries is returned by supportedCiphers() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.encrypted()
PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.encryptedBytesAvailable()
Return type

qint64

Returns the number of encrypted bytes that are awaiting decryption. Normally, this function will return 0 because QSslSocket decrypts its incoming data as soon as it can.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.encryptedBytesToWrite()
Return type

qint64

Returns the number of encrypted bytes that are waiting to be written to the network.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.encryptedBytesWritten(totalBytes)
Parameters

totalBytesqint64

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.ignoreSslErrors()

This slot tells QSslSocket to ignore errors during QSslSocket ‘s handshake phase and continue connecting. If you want to continue with the connection even if errors occur during the handshake phase, then you must call this slot, either from a slot connected to sslErrors() , or before the handshake phase. If you don’t call this slot, either in response to errors or before the handshake, the connection will be dropped after the sslErrors() signal has been emitted.

If there are no errors during the SSL handshake phase (i.e., the identity of the peer is established with no problems), QSslSocket will not emit the sslErrors() signal, and it is unnecessary to call this function.

Warning

Be sure to always let the user inspect the errors reported by the sslErrors() signal, and only call this method upon confirmation from the user that proceeding is ok. If there are unexpected errors, the connection should be aborted. Calling this method without inspecting the actual errors will most likely pose a security risk for your application. Use it with great care!

See also

sslErrors()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.ignoreSslErrors(errors)
Parameters

errors

This is an overloaded function.

This method tells QSslSocket to ignore only the errors given in errors .

Note

Because most SSL errors are associated with a certificate, for most of them you must set the expected certificate this SSL error is related to. If, for instance, you want to connect to a server that uses a self-signed certificate, consider the following snippet:

QList<QSslCertificate> cert = QSslCertificate::fromPath(QLatin1String("server-certificate.pem"));
QSslError error(QSslError::SelfSignedCertificate, cert.at(0));
QList<QSslError> expectedSslErrors;
expectedSslErrors.append(error);

QSslSocket socket;
socket.ignoreSslErrors(expectedSslErrors);
socket.connectToHostEncrypted("server.tld", 443);

Multiple calls to this function will replace the list of errors that were passed in previous calls. You can clear the list of errors you want to ignore by calling this function with an empty list.

See also

sslErrors()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.isEncrypted()
Return type

bool

Returns true if the socket is encrypted; otherwise, false is returned.

An encrypted socket encrypts all data that is written by calling write() or putChar() before the data is written to the network, and decrypts all incoming data as the data is received from the network, before you call read() , readLine() or getChar() .

QSslSocket emits encrypted() when it enters encrypted mode.

You can call sessionCipher() to find which cryptographic cipher is used to encrypt and decrypt your data.

See also

mode()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.localCertificate()
Return type

QSslCertificate

Returns the socket’s local certificate , or an empty certificate if no local certificate has been assigned.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.localCertificateChain()
Return type

Returns the socket’s local certificate chain, or an empty list if no local certificates have been assigned.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.mode()
Return type

SslMode

Returns the current mode for the socket; either UnencryptedMode , where QSslSocket behaves identially to QTcpSocket , or one of SslClientMode or SslServerMode , where the client is either negotiating or in encrypted mode.

When the mode changes, QSslSocket emits modeChanged()

See also

SslMode

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.modeChanged(newMode)
Parameters

newModeSslMode

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.ocspResponses()
Return type

This function returns Online Certificate Status Protocol responses that a server may send during a TLS handshake using OCSP stapling. The vector is empty if no definitive response or no response at all was received.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.peerCertificate()
Return type

QSslCertificate

Returns the peer’s digital certificate (i.e., the immediate certificate of the host you are connected to), or a null certificate, if the peer has not assigned a certificate.

The peer certificate is checked automatically during the handshake phase, so this function is normally used to fetch the certificate for display or for connection diagnostic purposes. It contains information about the peer, including its host name, the certificate issuer, and the peer’s public key.

Because the peer certificate is set during the handshake phase, it is safe to access the peer certificate from a slot connected to the sslErrors() signal or the encrypted() signal.

If a null certificate is returned, it can mean the SSL handshake failed, or it can mean the host you are connected to doesn’t have a certificate, or it can mean there is no connection.

If you want to check the peer’s complete chain of certificates, use peerCertificateChain() to get them all at once.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.peerCertificateChain()
Return type

Returns the peer’s chain of digital certificates, or an empty list of certificates.

Peer certificates are checked automatically during the handshake phase. This function is normally used to fetch certificates for display, or for performing connection diagnostics. Certificates contain information about the peer and the certificate issuers, including host name, issuer names, and issuer public keys.

The peer certificates are set in QSslSocket during the handshake phase, so it is safe to call this function from a slot connected to the sslErrors() signal or the encrypted() signal.

If an empty list is returned, it can mean the SSL handshake failed, or it can mean the host you are connected to doesn’t have a certificate, or it can mean there is no connection.

If you want to get only the peer’s immediate certificate, use peerCertificate() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.peerVerifyDepth()
Return type

int

Returns the maximum number of certificates in the peer’s certificate chain to be checked during the SSL handshake phase, or 0 (the default) if no maximum depth has been set, indicating that the whole certificate chain should be checked.

The certificates are checked in issuing order, starting with the peer’s own certificate, then its issuer’s certificate, and so on.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.peerVerifyError(error)
Parameters

errorQSslError

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.peerVerifyMode()
Return type

PeerVerifyMode

Returns the socket’s verify mode. This mode decides whether QSslSocket should request a certificate from the peer (i.e., the client requests a certificate from the server, or a server requesting a certificate from the client), and whether it should require that this certificate is valid.

The default mode is AutoVerifyPeer , which tells QSslSocket to use VerifyPeer for clients and QueryPeer for servers.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.peerVerifyName()
Return type

unicode

Returns the different hostname for the certificate validation, as set by setPeerVerifyName or by connectToHostEncrypted .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.preSharedKeyAuthenticationRequired(authenticator)
Parameters

authenticatorQSslPreSharedKeyAuthenticator

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.privateKey()
Return type

QSslKey

Returns this socket’s private key.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.protocol()
Return type

SslProtocol

Returns the socket’s SSL protocol. By default, SecureProtocols is used.

See also

setProtocol()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sessionCipher()
Return type

QSslCipher

Returns the socket’s cryptographic cipher , or a null cipher if the connection isn’t encrypted. The socket’s cipher for the session is set during the handshake phase. The cipher is used to encrypt and decrypt data transmitted through the socket.

QSslSocket also provides functions for setting the ordered list of ciphers from which the handshake phase will eventually select the session cipher. This ordered list must be in place before the handshake phase begins.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sessionProtocol()
Return type

SslProtocol

Returns the socket’s SSL/TLS protocol or UnknownProtocol if the connection isn’t encrypted. The socket’s protocol for the session is set during the handshake phase.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setCaCertificates(certificates)
Parameters

certificates

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use setCaCertificates() instead.

Sets this socket’s CA certificate database to be certificates . The certificate database must be set prior to the SSL handshake. The CA certificate database is used by the socket during the handshake phase to validate the peer’s certificate.

The CA certificate database can be reset to the current default CA certificate database by calling this function with the list of CA certificates returned by defaultCaCertificates() .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setCiphers(ciphers)
Parameters

ciphers

Note

This function is deprecated.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setCiphers(ciphers)
Parameters

ciphers – unicode

Note

This function is deprecated.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setDefaultCaCertificates(certificates)
Parameters

certificates

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use setCaCertificates() on the default QSslConfiguration instead.

Sets the default CA certificate database to certificates . The default CA certificate database is originally set to your system’s default CA certificate database. You can override the default CA certificate database with your own CA certificate database using this function.

Each SSL socket’s CA certificate database is initialized to the default CA certificate database.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setDefaultCiphers(ciphers)
Parameters

ciphers

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use setCiphers() on the default QSslConfiguration instead.

Sets the default cryptographic cipher suite for all sockets in this application to ciphers , which must contain a subset of the ciphers in the list returned by supportedCiphers() .

Restricting the default cipher suite only affects SSL sockets that perform their handshake phase after the default cipher suite has been changed.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setLocalCertificate(certificate)
Parameters

certificateQSslCertificate

Sets the socket’s local certificate to certificate . The local certificate is necessary if you need to confirm your identity to the peer. It is used together with the private key; if you set the local certificate, you must also set the private key.

The local certificate and private key are always necessary for server sockets, but are also rarely used by client sockets if the server requires the client to authenticate.

Note

Secure Transport SSL backend on macOS may update the default keychain (the default is probably your login keychain) by importing your local certificates and keys. This can also result in system dialogs showing up and asking for permission when your application is using these private keys. If such behavior is undesired, set the QT_SSL_USE_TEMPORARY_KEYCHAIN environment variable to a non-zero value; this will prompt QSslSocket to use its own temporary keychain.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setLocalCertificate(fileName[, format=QSsl.Pem])
Parameters
  • fileName – unicode

  • formatEncodingFormat

This is an overloaded function.

Sets the socket’s local certificate to the first one found in file path , which is parsed according to the specified format .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setLocalCertificateChain(localChain)
Parameters

localChain

Sets the certificate chain to be presented to the peer during the SSL handshake to be localChain .

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setPeerVerifyDepth(depth)
Parameters

depthint

Sets the maximum number of certificates in the peer’s certificate chain to be checked during the SSL handshake phase, to depth . Setting a depth of 0 means that no maximum depth is set, indicating that the whole certificate chain should be checked.

The certificates are checked in issuing order, starting with the peer’s own certificate, then its issuer’s certificate, and so on.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setPeerVerifyMode(mode)
Parameters

modePeerVerifyMode

Sets the socket’s verify mode to mode . This mode decides whether QSslSocket should request a certificate from the peer (i.e., the client requests a certificate from the server, or a server requesting a certificate from the client), and whether it should require that this certificate is valid.

The default mode is AutoVerifyPeer , which tells QSslSocket to use VerifyPeer for clients and QueryPeer for servers.

Setting this mode after encryption has started has no effect on the current connection.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setPeerVerifyName(hostName)
Parameters

hostName – unicode

Sets a different host name, given by hostName , for the certificate validation instead of the one used for the TCP connection.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setPrivateKey(key)
Parameters

keyQSslKey

Sets the socket’s private key to key . The private key and the local certificate are used by clients and servers that must prove their identity to SSL peers.

Both the key and the local certificate are required if you are creating an SSL server socket. If you are creating an SSL client socket, the key and local certificate are required if your client must identify itself to an SSL server.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setPrivateKey(fileName[, algorithm=QSsl.Rsa[, format=QSsl.Pem[, passPhrase=QByteArray()]]])
Parameters
  • fileName – unicode

  • algorithmKeyAlgorithm

  • formatEncodingFormat

  • passPhraseQByteArray

This is an overloaded function.

Reads the string in file fileName and decodes it using a specified algorithm and encoding format to construct an SSL key . If the encoded key is encrypted, passPhrase is used to decrypt it.

The socket’s private key is set to the constructed key. The private key and the local certificate are used by clients and servers that must prove their identity to SSL peers.

Both the key and the local certificate are required if you are creating an SSL server socket. If you are creating an SSL client socket, the key and local certificate are required if your client must identify itself to an SSL server.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setProtocol(protocol)
Parameters

protocolSslProtocol

Sets the socket’s SSL protocol to protocol . This will affect the next initiated handshake; calling this function on an already-encrypted socket will not affect the socket’s protocol.

See also

protocol()

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.setSslConfiguration(config)
Parameters

configQSslConfiguration

Sets the socket’s SSL configuration to be the contents of configuration . This function sets the local certificate, the ciphers, the private key and the CA certificates to those stored in configuration .

It is not possible to set the SSL-state related fields.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslConfiguration()
Return type

QSslConfiguration

Returns the socket’s SSL configuration state. The default SSL configuration of a socket is to use the default ciphers, default CA certificates, no local private key or certificate.

The SSL configuration also contains fields that can change with time without notice.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslErrors(errors)
Parameters

errors

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslErrors()
Return type

Returns a list of the last SSL errors that occurred. This is the same list as QSslSocket passes via the signal. If the connection has been encrypted with no errors, this function will return an empty list.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslLibraryBuildVersionNumber()
Return type

long

Returns the version number of the SSL library in use at compile time. If no SSL support is available then this will return an undefined value.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslLibraryBuildVersionString()
Return type

unicode

Returns the version string of the SSL library in use at compile time. If no SSL support is available then this will return an empty value.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslLibraryVersionNumber()
Return type

long

Returns the version number of the SSL library in use. Note that this is the version of the library in use at run-time not compile time. If no SSL support is available then this will return an undefined value.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.sslLibraryVersionString()
Return type

unicode

Returns the version string of the SSL library in use. Note that this is the version of the library in use at run-time not compile time. If no SSL support is available then this will return an empty value.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.startClientEncryption()

Starts a delayed SSL handshake for a client connection. This function can be called when the socket is in the ConnectedState but still in the UnencryptedMode . If it is not yet connected, or if it is already encrypted, this function has no effect.

Clients that implement STARTTLS functionality often make use of delayed SSL handshakes. Most other clients can avoid calling this function directly by using connectToHostEncrypted() instead, which automatically performs the handshake.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.startServerEncryption()

Starts a delayed SSL handshake for a server connection. This function can be called when the socket is in the ConnectedState but still in UnencryptedMode . If it is not connected or it is already encrypted, the function has no effect.

For server sockets, calling this function is the only way to initiate the SSL handshake. Most servers will call this function immediately upon receiving a connection, or as a result of having received a protocol-specific command to enter SSL mode (e.g, the server may respond to receiving the string “STARTTLS\r\n” by calling this function).

The most common way to implement an SSL server is to create a subclass of QTcpServer and reimplement incomingConnection() . The returned socket descriptor is then passed to setSocketDescriptor() .

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.supportedCiphers()
Return type

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use supportedCiphers() instead.

Returns the list of cryptographic ciphers supported by this system. This list is set by the system’s SSL libraries and may vary from system to system.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.supportsSsl()
Return type

bool

Returns true if this platform supports SSL; otherwise, returns false. If the platform doesn’t support SSL, the socket will fail in the connection phase.

static PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.systemCaCertificates()
Return type

Note

This function is deprecated.

Use QSslConfiguration::systemDefaultCaCertificates instead.

This function provides the CA certificate database provided by the operating system. The CA certificate database returned by this function is used to initialize the database returned by defaultCaCertificates() . You can replace that database with your own with setDefaultCaCertificates() .

Note

: On OS X, only certificates that are either trusted for all purposes or trusted for the purpose of SSL in the keychain will be returned.

PySide2.QtNetwork.QSslSocket.waitForEncrypted([msecs=30000])
Parameters

msecsint

Return type

bool

Waits until the socket has completed the SSL handshake and has emitted encrypted() , or msecs milliseconds, whichever comes first. If encrypted() has been emitted, this function returns true; otherwise (e.g., the socket is disconnected, or the SSL handshake fails), false is returned.

The following example waits up to one second for the socket to be encrypted:

socket.connectToHostEncrypted("imap", 993)
if socket.waitForEncrypted(1000):
    print "Encrypted!"

If msecs is -1, this function will not time out.