QQuickWidget

The QQuickWidget class provides a widget for displaying a Qt Quick user interface. More

Inheritance diagram of PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget

Synopsis

Functions

Slots

Signals

Detailed Description

This is a convenience wrapper for QQuickWindow which will automatically load and display a QML scene when given the URL of the main source file. Alternatively, you can instantiate your own objects using QQmlComponent and place them in a manually set up QQuickWidget .

Typical usage:

QQuickWidget *view = new QQuickWidget;
view->setSource(QUrl::fromLocalFile("myqmlfile.qml"));
view->show();

To receive errors related to loading and executing QML with QQuickWidget , you can connect to the statusChanged() signal and monitor for Error . The errors are available via errors() .

QQuickWidget also manages sizing of the view and root object. By default, the resizeMode is SizeViewToRootObject , which will load the component and resize it to the size of the view. Alternatively the resizeMode may be set to SizeRootObjectToView which will resize the view to the size of the root object.

Note

QQuickWidget is an alternative to using QQuickView and createWindowContainer() . The restrictions on stacking order do not apply, making QQuickWidget the more flexible alternative, behaving more like an ordinary widget. This comes at the expense of performance. Unlike QQuickWindow and QQuickView , QQuickWidget involves rendering into OpenGL framebuffer objects. This will naturally carry a minor performance hit.

Note

Using QQuickWidget disables the threaded render loop on all platforms. This means that some of the benefits of threaded rendering, for example Animator classes and vsync driven animations, will not be available.

Note

Avoid calling winId() on a QQuickWidget . This function triggers the creation of a native window, resulting in reduced performance and possibly rendering glitches. The entire purpose of QQuickWidget is to render Quick scenes without a separate native window, hence making it a native widget should always be avoided.

Scene Graph and Context Persistency

QQuickWidget honors isPersistentSceneGraph() , meaning that applications can decide - by calling setPersistentSceneGraph() on the window returned from the quickWindow() function - to let scenegraph nodes and other Qt Quick scene related resources be released whenever the widget becomes hidden. By default persistency is enabled, just like with QQuickWindow .

When running with the OpenGL backend of the scene graph, QQuickWindow offers the possibility to disable persistent OpenGL contexts as well. This setting is currently ignored by QQuickWidget and the context is always persistent. The OpenGL context is thus not destroyed when hiding the widget. The context is destroyed only when the widget is destroyed or when the widget gets reparented into another top-level widget’s child hierarchy. However, some applications, in particular those that have their own graphics resources due to performing custom OpenGL rendering in the Qt Quick scene, may wish to disable the latter since they may not be prepared to handle the loss of the context when moving a QQuickWidget into another window. Such applications can set the QCoreApplication::AA_ShareOpenGLContexts attribute. For a discussion on the details of resource initialization and cleanup, refer to the QOpenGLWidget documentation.

Note

QQuickWidget offers less fine-grained control over its internal OpenGL context than QOpenGLWidget , and there are subtle differences, most notably that disabling the persistent scene graph will lead to destroying the context on a window change regardless of the presence of QCoreApplication::AA_ShareOpenGLContexts.

Limitations

Putting other widgets underneath and making the QQuickWidget transparent will not lead to the expected results: the widgets underneath will not be visible. This is because in practice the QQuickWidget is drawn before all other regular, non-OpenGL widgets, and so see-through types of solutions are not feasible. Other type of layouts, like having widgets on top of the QQuickWidget , will function as expected.

When absolutely necessary, this limitation can be overcome by setting the WA_AlwaysStackOnTop attribute on the QQuickWidget . Be aware, however that this breaks stacking order. For example it will not be possible to have other widgets on top of the QQuickWidget , so it should only be used in situations where a semi-transparent QQuickWidget with other widgets visible underneath is required.

This limitation only applies when there are other widgets underneath the QQuickWidget inside the same window. Making the window semi-transparent, with other applications and the desktop visible in the background, is done in the traditional way: Set WA_TranslucentBackground on the top-level window, request an alpha channel, and change the Qt Quick Scenegraph’s clear color to transparent via setClearColor() .

Support when not using OpenGL

In addition to OpenGL, the software backend of Qt Quick also supports QQuickWidget . Other backends, for example the Direct 3D 12 one, are not compatible however and attempting to construct a QQuickWidget will lead to problems.

Tab Key Handling

On press of the [TAB] key, the item inside the QQuickWidget gets focus. If this item can handle [TAB] key press, focus will change accordingly within the item, otherwise the next widget in the focus chain gets focus.

See also

Exposing Attributes of C++ Types to QML Qt Quick Widgets Example QQuickView

class PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget(engine, parent)

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget([parent=None])

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget(source[, parent=None])

param parent

PySide2.QtWidgets.QWidget

param source

PySide2.QtCore.QUrl

param engine

PySide2.QtQml.QQmlEngine

Constructs a QQuickWidget with the given QML engine and parent .

Note: In this case, the QQuickWidget does not own the given engine object; it is the caller’s responsibility to destroy the engine. If the engine is deleted before the view, status() will return Error .

See also

Status status() errors()

Constructs a QQuickWidget with the given parent . The default value of parent is 0.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.ResizeMode

This enum specifies how to resize the view.

Constant

Description

QQuickWidget.SizeViewToRootObject

The view resizes with the root item in the QML.

QQuickWidget.SizeRootObjectToView

The view will automatically resize the root item to the size of the view.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.Status

Specifies the loading status of the QQuickWidget .

Constant

Description

QQuickWidget.Null

This QQuickWidget has no source set.

QQuickWidget.Ready

This QQuickWidget has loaded and created the QML component.

QQuickWidget.Loading

This QQuickWidget is loading network data.

QQuickWidget.Error

One or more errors occurred. Call errors() to retrieve a list of errors.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.engine()
Return type

PySide2.QtQml.QQmlEngine

Returns a pointer to the QQmlEngine used for instantiating QML Components.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.errors()
Return type

Return the list of errors that occurred during the last compile or create operation. When the status is not Error , an empty list is returned.

See also

status

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.format()
Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QSurfaceFormat

Returns the actual surface format.

If the widget has not yet been shown, the requested format is returned.

See also

setFormat()

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.grabFramebuffer()
Return type

PySide2.QtGui.QImage

Renders a frame and reads it back into an image.

Note

This is a potentially expensive operation.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.initialSize()
Return type

PySide2.QtCore.QSize

Returns the initial size of the root object.

If resizeMode is SizeRootObjectToView , the root object will be resized to the size of the view. This function returns the size of the root object before it was resized.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.quickWindow()
Return type

PySide2.QtQuick.QQuickWindow

Returns the offscreen QQuickWindow which is used by this widget to drive the Qt Quick rendering. This is useful if you want to use QQuickWindow APIs that are not currently exposed by QQuickWidget , for instance connecting to the beforeRendering() signal in order to draw native OpenGL content below Qt Quick’s own rendering.

Warning

Use the return value of this function with caution. In particular, do not ever attempt to show the QQuickWindow , and be very careful when using other QWindow -only APIs.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.resizeMode()
Return type

ResizeMode

This property Determines whether the view should resize the window contents..

If this property is set to SizeViewToRootObject (the default), the view resizes to the size of the root item in the QML.

If this property is set to SizeRootObjectToView , the view will automatically resize the root item to the size of the view.

Regardless of this property, the sizeHint of the view is the initial size of the root item. Note though that since QML may load dynamically, that size may change.

See also

initialSize()

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.rootContext()
Return type

PySide2.QtQml.QQmlContext

This function returns the root of the context hierarchy. Each QML component is instantiated in a QQmlContext . QQmlContext ‘s are essential for passing data to QML components. In QML, contexts are arranged hierarchically and this hierarchy is managed by the QQmlEngine .

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.rootObject()
Return type

PySide2.QtQuick.QQuickItem

Returns the view’s root item . Can be null when setSource() has not been called, if it was called with broken QtQuick code or while the QtQuick contents are being created.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.sceneGraphError(error, message)
Parameters
PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.setClearColor(color)
Parameters

colorPySide2.QtGui.QColor

Sets the clear color . By default this is an opaque color.

To get a semi-transparent QQuickWidget , call this function with color set to transparent , set the WA_TranslucentBackground widget attribute on the top-level window, and request an alpha channel via setFormat() .

See also

setColor()

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.setContent(url, component, item)
Parameters

Sets the source url , component and content item (root of the QML object hierarchy) directly.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.setFormat(format)
Parameters

formatPySide2.QtGui.QSurfaceFormat

Sets the surface format for the context and offscreen surface used by this widget.

Call this function when there is a need to request a context for a given OpenGL version or profile. The sizes for depth, stencil and alpha buffers are taken care of automatically and there is no need to request those explicitly.

See also

setFormat() format() format()

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.setResizeMode(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1ResizeMode

This property Determines whether the view should resize the window contents..

If this property is set to SizeViewToRootObject (the default), the view resizes to the size of the root item in the QML.

If this property is set to SizeRootObjectToView , the view will automatically resize the root item to the size of the view.

Regardless of this property, the sizeHint of the view is the initial size of the root item. Note though that since QML may load dynamically, that size may change.

See also

initialSize()

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.setSource(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1PySide2.QtCore.QUrl

This property holds The URL of the source of the QML component..

Ensure that the URL provided is full and correct, in particular, use fromLocalFile() when loading a file from the local filesystem.

Note

Setting a source URL will result in the QML component being instantiated, even if the URL is unchanged from the current value.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.source()
Return type

PySide2.QtCore.QUrl

This property holds The URL of the source of the QML component..

Ensure that the URL provided is full and correct, in particular, use fromLocalFile() when loading a file from the local filesystem.

Note

Setting a source URL will result in the QML component being instantiated, even if the URL is unchanged from the current value.

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.status()
Return type

Status

The component’s current status .

PySide2.QtQuickWidgets.QQuickWidget.statusChanged(arg__1)
Parameters

arg__1Status