effects

(You can also check this code in the repository)

import math
import sys

from PySide6.QtCore import QPointF, QTimer, Qt
from PySide6.QtGui import (QBrush, QColor, QLinearGradient, QPainter, QPen,
                           QPixmap, QRadialGradient)
from PySide6.QtWidgets import (QApplication, QFrame, QGraphicsDropShadowEffect,
                               QGraphicsEllipseItem, QGraphicsRectItem,
                               QGraphicsScene, QGraphicsView, QWidget)


class Lighting(QGraphicsView):
    def __init__(self, parent=None):
        super().__init__(parent)

        self.angle = 0.0
        self.m_scene = QGraphicsScene()
        self.m_lightSource = None
        self.m_items = []

        self.setScene(self.m_scene)

        self.setup_scene()

        timer = QTimer(self)
        timer.timeout.connect(self.animate)
        timer.setInterval(30)
        timer.start()

        self.setRenderHint(QPainter.Antialiasing)
        self.setFrameStyle(QFrame.NoFrame)

    def setup_scene(self):
        self.m_scene.setSceneRect(-300, -200, 600, 460)

        linear_grad = QLinearGradient(QPointF(-100, -100),
                QPointF(100, 100))
        linear_grad.setColorAt(0, QColor(255, 255, 255))
        linear_grad.setColorAt(1, QColor(192, 192, 255))
        self.setBackgroundBrush(linear_grad)

        radial_grad = QRadialGradient(30, 30, 30)
        radial_grad.setColorAt(0, Qt.yellow)
        radial_grad.setColorAt(0.2, Qt.yellow)
        radial_grad.setColorAt(1, Qt.transparent)

        pixmap = QPixmap(60, 60)
        pixmap.fill(Qt.transparent)

        painter = QPainter(pixmap)
        painter.setPen(Qt.NoPen)
        painter.setBrush(radial_grad)
        painter.drawEllipse(0, 0, 60, 60)
        painter.end()

        self.m_lightSource = self.m_scene.addPixmap(pixmap)
        self.m_lightSource.setZValue(2)

        for i in range(-2, 3):
            for j in range(-2, 3):
                if (i + j) & 1:
                    item = QGraphicsEllipseItem(0, 0, 50, 50)
                else:
                    item = QGraphicsRectItem(0, 0, 50, 50)

                item.setPen(QPen(Qt.black, 1))
                item.setBrush(QBrush(Qt.white))

                effect = QGraphicsDropShadowEffect(self)
                effect.setBlurRadius(8)
                item.setGraphicsEffect(effect)
                item.setZValue(1)
                item.setPos(i * 80, j * 80)
                self.m_scene.addItem(item)
                self.m_items.append(item)

    def animate(self):
        self.angle += (math.pi / 30)
        xs = 200 * math.sin(self.angle) - 40 + 25
        ys = 200 * math.cos(self.angle) - 40 + 25
        self.m_lightSource.setPos(xs, ys)

        for item in self.m_items:
            effect = item.graphicsEffect()

            delta = QPointF(item.x() - xs, item.y() - ys)
            effect.setOffset(QPointF(delta.toPoint() / 30))

            dd = math.hypot(delta.x(), delta.y())
            color = effect.color()
            color.setAlphaF(max(0.4, min(1 - dd / 200.0, 0.7)))
            effect.setColor(color)

        self.m_scene.update()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = QApplication(sys.argv)

    lighting = Lighting()
    lighting.setWindowTitle("Lighting and Shadows")
    lighting.resize(640, 480)
    lighting.show()

    sys.exit(app.exec())