tetrix.py

"""PySide6 port of the widgets/widgets/tetrix example from Qt v5.x"""

import random

from PySide6 import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets


NoShape, ZShape, SShape, LineShape, TShape, SquareShape, LShape, MirroredLShape = range(8)


class TetrixWindow(QtWidgets.QWidget):
    def __init__(self):
        super(TetrixWindow, self).__init__()

        self.board = TetrixBoard()

        nextPieceLabel = QtWidgets.QLabel()
        nextPieceLabel.setFrameStyle(QtWidgets.QFrame.Box | QtWidgets.QFrame.Raised)
        nextPieceLabel.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter)
        self.board.setNextPieceLabel(nextPieceLabel)

        scoreLcd = QtWidgets.QLCDNumber(5)
        scoreLcd.setSegmentStyle(QtWidgets.QLCDNumber.Filled)
        levelLcd = QtWidgets.QLCDNumber(2)
        levelLcd.setSegmentStyle(QtWidgets.QLCDNumber.Filled)
        linesLcd = QtWidgets.QLCDNumber(5)
        linesLcd.setSegmentStyle(QtWidgets.QLCDNumber.Filled)

        startButton = QtWidgets.QPushButton("&Start")
        startButton.setFocusPolicy(QtCore.Qt.NoFocus)
        quitButton = QtWidgets.QPushButton("&Quit")
        quitButton.setFocusPolicy(QtCore.Qt.NoFocus)
        pauseButton = QtWidgets.QPushButton("&Pause")
        pauseButton.setFocusPolicy(QtCore.Qt.NoFocus)

        startButton.clicked.connect(self.board.start)
        pauseButton.clicked.connect(self.board.pause)
        quitButton.clicked.connect(qApp.quit)
        self.board.scoreChanged.connect(scoreLcd.display)
        self.board.levelChanged.connect(levelLcd.display)
        self.board.linesRemovedChanged.connect(linesLcd.display)

        layout = QtWidgets.QGridLayout()
        layout.addWidget(self.createLabel("NEXT"), 0, 0)
        layout.addWidget(nextPieceLabel, 1, 0)
        layout.addWidget(self.createLabel("LEVEL"), 2, 0)
        layout.addWidget(levelLcd, 3, 0)
        layout.addWidget(startButton, 4, 0)
        layout.addWidget(self.board, 0, 1, 6, 1)
        layout.addWidget(self.createLabel("SCORE"), 0, 2)
        layout.addWidget(scoreLcd, 1, 2)
        layout.addWidget(self.createLabel("LINES REMOVED"), 2, 2)
        layout.addWidget(linesLcd, 3, 2)
        layout.addWidget(quitButton, 4, 2)
        layout.addWidget(pauseButton, 5, 2)
        self.setLayout(layout)

        self.setWindowTitle("Tetrix")
        self.resize(550, 370)

    def createLabel(self, text):
        lbl = QtWidgets.QLabel(text)
        lbl.setAlignment(QtCore.Qt.AlignHCenter | QtCore.Qt.AlignBottom)
        return lbl


class TetrixBoard(QtWidgets.QFrame):
    BoardWidth = 10
    BoardHeight = 22

    scoreChanged = QtCore.Signal(int)

    levelChanged = QtCore.Signal(int)

    linesRemovedChanged = QtCore.Signal(int)

    def __init__(self, parent=None):
        super(TetrixBoard, self).__init__(parent)

        self.timer = QtCore.QBasicTimer()
        self.nextPieceLabel = None
        self.isWaitingAfterLine = False
        self.curPiece = TetrixPiece()
        self.nextPiece = TetrixPiece()
        self.curX = 0
        self.curY = 0
        self.numLinesRemoved = 0
        self.numPiecesDropped = 0
        self.score = 0
        self.level = 0
        self.board = None

        self.setFrameStyle(QtWidgets.QFrame.Panel | QtWidgets.QFrame.Sunken)
        self.setFocusPolicy(QtCore.Qt.StrongFocus)
        self.isStarted = False
        self.isPaused = False
        self.clearBoard()

        self.nextPiece.setRandomShape()

    def shapeAt(self, x, y):
        return self.board[(y * TetrixBoard.BoardWidth) + x]

    def setShapeAt(self, x, y, shape):
        self.board[(y * TetrixBoard.BoardWidth) + x] = shape

    def timeoutTime(self):
        return 1000 / (1 + self.level)

    def squareWidth(self):
        return self.contentsRect().width() / TetrixBoard.BoardWidth

    def squareHeight(self):
        return self.contentsRect().height() / TetrixBoard.BoardHeight

    def setNextPieceLabel(self, label):
        self.nextPieceLabel = label

    def sizeHint(self):
        return QtCore.QSize(TetrixBoard.BoardWidth * 15 + self.frameWidth() * 2,
                TetrixBoard.BoardHeight * 15 + self.frameWidth() * 2)

    def minimumSizeHint(self):
        return QtCore.QSize(TetrixBoard.BoardWidth * 5 + self.frameWidth() * 2,
                TetrixBoard.BoardHeight * 5 + self.frameWidth() * 2)

    def start(self):
        if self.isPaused:
            return

        self.isStarted = True
        self.isWaitingAfterLine = False
        self.numLinesRemoved = 0
        self.numPiecesDropped = 0
        self.score = 0
        self.level = 1
        self.clearBoard()

        self.linesRemovedChanged.emit(self.numLinesRemoved)
        self.scoreChanged.emit(self.score)
        self.levelChanged.emit(self.level)

        self.newPiece()
        self.timer.start(self.timeoutTime(), self)

    def pause(self):
        if not self.isStarted:
            return

        self.isPaused = not self.isPaused
        if self.isPaused:
            self.timer.stop()
        else:
            self.timer.start(self.timeoutTime(), self)

        self.update()

    def paintEvent(self, event):
        super(TetrixBoard, self).paintEvent(event)

        painter = QtGui.QPainter(self)
        rect = self.contentsRect()

        if self.isPaused:
            painter.drawText(rect, QtCore.Qt.AlignCenter, "Pause")
            return

        boardTop = rect.bottom() - TetrixBoard.BoardHeight * self.squareHeight()

        for i in range(TetrixBoard.BoardHeight):
            for j in range(TetrixBoard.BoardWidth):
                shape = self.shapeAt(j, TetrixBoard.BoardHeight - i - 1)
                if shape != NoShape:
                    self.drawSquare(painter,
                            rect.left() + j * self.squareWidth(),
                            boardTop + i * self.squareHeight(), shape)

        if self.curPiece.shape() != NoShape:
            for i in range(4):
                x = self.curX + self.curPiece.x(i)
                y = self.curY - self.curPiece.y(i)
                self.drawSquare(painter, rect.left() + x * self.squareWidth(),
                        boardTop + (TetrixBoard.BoardHeight - y - 1) * self.squareHeight(),
                        self.curPiece.shape())

    def keyPressEvent(self, event):
        if not self.isStarted or self.isPaused or self.curPiece.shape() == NoShape:
            super(TetrixBoard, self).keyPressEvent(event)
            return

        key = event.key()
        if key == QtCore.Qt.Key_Left:
            self.tryMove(self.curPiece, self.curX - 1, self.curY)
        elif key == QtCore.Qt.Key_Right:
            self.tryMove(self.curPiece, self.curX + 1, self.curY)
        elif key == QtCore.Qt.Key_Down:
            self.tryMove(self.curPiece.rotatedRight(), self.curX, self.curY)
        elif key == QtCore.Qt.Key_Up:
            self.tryMove(self.curPiece.rotatedLeft(), self.curX, self.curY)
        elif key == QtCore.Qt.Key_Space:
            self.dropDown()
        elif key == QtCore.Qt.Key_D:
            self.oneLineDown()
        else:
            super(TetrixBoard, self).keyPressEvent(event)

    def timerEvent(self, event):
        if event.timerId() == self.timer.timerId():
            if self.isWaitingAfterLine:
                self.isWaitingAfterLine = False
                self.newPiece()
                self.timer.start(self.timeoutTime(), self)
            else:
                self.oneLineDown()
        else:
            super(TetrixBoard, self).timerEvent(event)

    def clearBoard(self):
        self.board = [NoShape for i in range(TetrixBoard.BoardHeight * TetrixBoard.BoardWidth)]

    def dropDown(self):
        dropHeight = 0
        newY = self.curY
        while newY > 0:
            if not self.tryMove(self.curPiece, self.curX, newY - 1):
                break
            newY -= 1
            dropHeight += 1

        self.pieceDropped(dropHeight)

    def oneLineDown(self):
        if not self.tryMove(self.curPiece, self.curX, self.curY - 1):
            self.pieceDropped(0)

    def pieceDropped(self, dropHeight):
        for i in range(4):
            x = self.curX + self.curPiece.x(i)
            y = self.curY - self.curPiece.y(i)
            self.setShapeAt(x, y, self.curPiece.shape())

        self.numPiecesDropped += 1
        if self.numPiecesDropped % 25 == 0:
            self.level += 1
            self.timer.start(self.timeoutTime(), self)
            self.levelChanged.emit(self.level)

        self.score += dropHeight + 7
        self.scoreChanged.emit(self.score)
        self.removeFullLines()

        if not self.isWaitingAfterLine:
            self.newPiece()

    def removeFullLines(self):
        numFullLines = 0

        for i in range(TetrixBoard.BoardHeight - 1, -1, -1):
            lineIsFull = True

            for j in range(TetrixBoard.BoardWidth):
                if self.shapeAt(j, i) == NoShape:
                    lineIsFull = False
                    break

            if lineIsFull:
                numFullLines += 1
                for k in range(TetrixBoard.BoardHeight - 1):
                    for j in range(TetrixBoard.BoardWidth):
                        self.setShapeAt(j, k, self.shapeAt(j, k + 1))

                for j in range(TetrixBoard.BoardWidth):
                    self.setShapeAt(j, TetrixBoard.BoardHeight - 1, NoShape)

        if numFullLines > 0:
            self.numLinesRemoved += numFullLines
            self.score += 10 * numFullLines
            self.linesRemovedChanged.emit(self.numLinesRemoved)
            self.scoreChanged.emit(self.score)

            self.timer.start(500, self)
            self.isWaitingAfterLine = True
            self.curPiece.setShape(NoShape)
            self.update()

    def newPiece(self):
        self.curPiece = self.nextPiece
        self.nextPiece.setRandomShape()
        self.showNextPiece()
        self.curX = TetrixBoard.BoardWidth // 2 + 1
        self.curY = TetrixBoard.BoardHeight - 1 + self.curPiece.minY()

        if not self.tryMove(self.curPiece, self.curX, self.curY):
            self.curPiece.setShape(NoShape)
            self.timer.stop()
            self.isStarted = False

    def showNextPiece(self):
        if self.nextPieceLabel is not None:
            return

        dx = self.nextPiece.maxX() - self.nextPiece.minX() + 1
        dy = self.nextPiece.maxY() - self.nextPiece.minY() + 1

        pixmap = QtGui.QPixmap(dx * self.squareWidth(), dy * self.squareHeight())
        painter = QtGui.QPainter(pixmap)
        painter.fillRect(pixmap.rect(), self.nextPieceLabel.palette().background())

        for int in range(4):
            x = self.nextPiece.x(i) - self.nextPiece.minX()
            y = self.nextPiece.y(i) - self.nextPiece.minY()
            self.drawSquare(painter, x * self.squareWidth(),
                    y * self.squareHeight(), self.nextPiece.shape())

        self.nextPieceLabel.setPixmap(pixmap)

    def tryMove(self, newPiece, newX, newY):
        for i in range(4):
            x = newX + newPiece.x(i)
            y = newY - newPiece.y(i)
            if x < 0 or x >= TetrixBoard.BoardWidth or y < 0 or y >= TetrixBoard.BoardHeight:
                return False
            if self.shapeAt(x, y) != NoShape:
                return False

        self.curPiece = newPiece
        self.curX = newX
        self.curY = newY
        self.update()
        return True

    def drawSquare(self, painter, x, y, shape):
        colorTable = [0x000000, 0xCC6666, 0x66CC66, 0x6666CC,
                      0xCCCC66, 0xCC66CC, 0x66CCCC, 0xDAAA00]

        color = QtGui.QColor(colorTable[shape])
        painter.fillRect(x + 1, y + 1, self.squareWidth() - 2,
                self.squareHeight() - 2, color)

        painter.setPen(color.lighter())
        painter.drawLine(x, y + self.squareHeight() - 1, x, y)
        painter.drawLine(x, y, x + self.squareWidth() - 1, y)

        painter.setPen(color.darker())
        painter.drawLine(x + 1, y + self.squareHeight() - 1,
                x + self.squareWidth() - 1, y + self.squareHeight() - 1)
        painter.drawLine(x + self.squareWidth() - 1,
                y + self.squareHeight() - 1, x + self.squareWidth() - 1, y + 1)


class TetrixPiece(object):
    coordsTable = (
        ((0, 0),     (0, 0),     (0, 0),     (0, 0)),
        ((0, -1),    (0, 0),     (-1, 0),    (-1, 1)),
        ((0, -1),    (0, 0),     (1, 0),     (1, 1)),
        ((0, -1),    (0, 0),     (0, 1),     (0, 2)),
        ((-1, 0),    (0, 0),     (1, 0),     (0, 1)),
        ((0, 0),     (1, 0),     (0, 1),     (1, 1)),
        ((-1, -1),   (0, -1),    (0, 0),     (0, 1)),
        ((1, -1),    (0, -1),    (0, 0),     (0, 1))
    )

    def __init__(self):
        self.coords = [[0,0] for _ in range(4)]
        self.pieceShape = NoShape

        self.setShape(NoShape)

    def shape(self):
        return self.pieceShape

    def setShape(self, shape):
        table = TetrixPiece.coordsTable[shape]
        for i in range(4):
            for j in range(2):
                self.coords[i][j] = table[i][j]

        self.pieceShape = shape

    def setRandomShape(self):
        self.setShape(random.randint(1, 7))

    def x(self, index):
        return self.coords[index][0]

    def y(self, index):
        return self.coords[index][1]

    def setX(self, index, x):
        self.coords[index][0] = x

    def setY(self, index, y):
        self.coords[index][1] = y

    def minX(self):
        m = self.coords[0][0]
        for i in range(4):
            m = min(m, self.coords[i][0])

        return m

    def maxX(self):
        m = self.coords[0][0]
        for i in range(4):
            m = max(m, self.coords[i][0])

        return m

    def minY(self):
        m = self.coords[0][1]
        for i in range(4):
            m = min(m, self.coords[i][1])

        return m

    def maxY(self):
        m = self.coords[0][1]
        for i in range(4):
            m = max(m, self.coords[i][1])

        return m

    def rotatedLeft(self):
        if self.pieceShape == SquareShape:
            return self

        result = TetrixPiece()
        result.pieceShape = self.pieceShape
        for i in range(4):
            result.setX(i, self.y(i))
            result.setY(i, -self.x(i))

        return result

    def rotatedRight(self):
        if self.pieceShape == SquareShape:
            return self

        result = TetrixPiece()
        result.pieceShape = self.pieceShape
        for i in range(4):
            result.setX(i, -self.y(i))
            result.setY(i, self.x(i))

        return result


if __name__ == '__main__':

    import sys

    app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
    window = TetrixWindow()
    window.show()
    random.seed(None)
    sys.exit(app.exec_())