Traffic Light Example

The Traffic Light example shows how to use The State Machine Framework to implement the control flow of a traffic light.

Traffic Light Screenshot
import sys

from PySide6.QtCore import QTimer, Qt, Property, Slot
from PySide6.QtGui import QPainter, QPalette
from PySide6.QtWidgets import QApplication, QVBoxLayout, QWidget
from PySide6.QtStateMachine import QFinalState, QState, QStateMachine


class LightWidget(QWidget):
    def __init__(self, color):
        super().__init__()
        self.color = color
        self._on_val = False

    def is_on(self):
        return self._on_val

    def set_on(self, on):
        if self._on_val == on:
            return
        self._on_val = on
        self.update()

    @Slot()
    def turn_off(self):
        self.set_on(False)

    @Slot()
    def turn_on(self):
        self.set_on(True)

    def paintEvent(self, e):
        if not self._on_val:
            return
        painter = QPainter(self)
        painter.setRenderHint(QPainter.Antialiasing)
        painter.setBrush(self.color)
        painter.drawEllipse(0, 0, self.width(), self.height())

    on = Property(bool, is_on, set_on)


class TrafficLightWidget(QWidget):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        vbox = QVBoxLayout(self)
        self._red_light = LightWidget(Qt.red)
        vbox.addWidget(self._red_light)
        self._yellow_light = LightWidget(Qt.yellow)
        vbox.addWidget(self._yellow_light)
        self._green_light = LightWidget(Qt.green)
        vbox.addWidget(self._green_light)
        pal = QPalette()
        pal.setColor(QPalette.Window, Qt.black)
        self.setPalette(pal)
        self.setAutoFillBackground(True)


def create_light_state(light, duration, parent=None):
    light_state = QState(parent)
    timer = QTimer(light_state)
    timer.setInterval(duration)
    timer.setSingleShot(True)
    timing = QState(light_state)
    timing.entered.connect(light.turn_on)
    timing.entered.connect(timer.start)
    timing.exited.connect(light.turn_off)
    done = QFinalState(light_state)
    timing.addTransition(timer.timeout, done)
    light_state.setInitialState(timing)
    return light_state


class TrafficLight(QWidget):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        vbox = QVBoxLayout(self)
        widget = TrafficLightWidget()
        vbox.addWidget(widget)
        vbox.setContentsMargins(0, 0, 0, 0)

        machine = QStateMachine(self)
        red_going_yellow = create_light_state(widget._red_light, 1000)
        red_going_yellow.setObjectName('redGoingYellow')
        yellow_going_green = create_light_state(widget._red_light, 1000)
        yellow_going_green.setObjectName('yellowGoingGreen')
        red_going_yellow.addTransition(red_going_yellow.finished,
                                       yellow_going_green)
        green_going_yellow = create_light_state(widget._yellow_light, 3000)
        green_going_yellow.setObjectName('greenGoingYellow')
        yellow_going_green.addTransition(yellow_going_green.finished,
                                         green_going_yellow)
        yellow_going_red = create_light_state(widget._green_light, 1000)
        yellow_going_red.setObjectName('yellowGoingRed')
        green_going_yellow.addTransition(green_going_yellow.finished,
                                         yellow_going_red)
        yellow_going_red.addTransition(yellow_going_red.finished,
                                       red_going_yellow)

        machine.addState(red_going_yellow)
        machine.addState(yellow_going_green)
        machine.addState(green_going_yellow)
        machine.addState(yellow_going_red)
        machine.setInitialState(red_going_yellow)
        machine.start()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = QApplication(sys.argv)
    widget = TrafficLight()
    widget.resize(110, 300)
    widget.show()
    sys.exit(app.exec())