Qt SCXML Traffic Light Example (Static)#

A widget-based application that uses a compiled state machine to implement a traffic light.

../_images/trafficlight1.png

Traffic Light Example (Static) demonstrates how to connect to the active properties of a state in a state machine that is compiled to a class.

The UI is created using Qt Widgets.

Running the Example#

To run the example from Qt Creator , open the Welcome mode and select the example from Examples. For more information, visit Building and Running an Example.

Compiling the State Machine#

We link against the Qt SCXML module by adding the following lines to the example’s build files.

  • .pro*

when using qmake:#

We then specify the state machine to compile:

  • CMakeLists.txt*

when using cmake:#

We then specify the state machine to compile:

The statechart directives STATECHARTS or qt6_add_statecharts invoke the Qt SCXML Compiler, qscxmlc, which is run automatically to generate statemachine.h and statemachine.cpp, which are then added appropriately as headers and sources for compilation.

Instantiating the State Machine#

We instantiate the generated TrafficLightStateMachine class in the trafficlight-widgets-static.cpp file, as follows:

Connecting to States#

In the SCXML file, we specify states for each light: red, yellow, and green. In the <onentry> element, we specify the event to send when entering the state and the delay in seconds before sending the event. In the <transition> element, we specify the event that triggers the transition to the state specified by the target attribute:

We connect to the states as follows:

Example project @ code.qt.io