QML Maps

Overview

The Map type allows the display of a map and placing objects within the map. Various points of interest can be defined and added to the map for display. Also the Map has features to control how the map is displayed. With the Map item you can center the map, zoom, pinch and make the item flickable.

The places to be added to the map are MapItems. The item's position is defined by a coordinate which includes latitude, longitude and altitude. The item is then displayed automatically after it is added to the Map.

Position on map

All position APIs are part of the QtPositioning module. The basic piece of position information is the coordinate. A coordinate encapsulates data for the latitude, longitude and altitude of the location. Altitude is in meters. It also has a method to determine distance to another coordinate. The coordinate type may also be held within a Location element, this will also have information on a bounding box size to determine sufficient proximity to the location and a location address.

Here is an example of a client that uses a position source to center a map on the current position:

Rectangle {

    import QtPositioning 5.2
    import QtLocation 5.3
    ...

    Map {
        id: map
        // initialize map
        ...
    }

    PositionSource {
        onPositionChanged: {
            // center the map on the current position
            map.center = position.coordinate
        }
    }
}

Geocoding

Geocoding is the derivation of geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude) from other geographical references to the locations. For example, this can be a street address. Reverse geocoding is also possible with a street address being used to determine a geographical coordinate. Geocoding is performed by using the GeocodeModel type.

The following code examples are a small part of the map component in the Map Viewer (QML) example. The snippets demonstrate the declaration of the GeocodeModel component.

In the snippet we see that the [QML]{GeocodeModel} contains the plugin and two signal handlers. One for changes in status onStatusChanged and the other to update the centering of the Map object onLocationsChanged.

GeocodeModel {
    id: geocodeModel
    plugin: map.plugin
    onStatusChanged: {
        if ((status == GeocodeModel.Ready) || (status == GeocodeModel.Error))
            map.geocodeFinished()
    }
    onLocationsChanged:
    {
        if (count == 1) {
            map.center.latitude = get(0).coordinate.latitude
            map.center.longitude = get(0).coordinate.longitude
        }
    }
}

MapItemView {
    model: geocodeModel
    delegate: pointDelegate
}

The geocoding features are called from a higher level piece of code. In this snippet we see an Address object filled with the desired parameters.

Address {
    id :fromAddress
    street: "Sandakerveien 116"
    city: "Oslo"
    country: "Norway"
    state : ""
    postalCode: "0484"
}

The Address is later used in a query for the GeocodeModel to process and determine the geographical coordinates.

// send the geocode request
geocodeModel.query = fromAddress
geocodeModel.update()

Navigation

A very important function of the Map type is navigation from one place to a destination with possible waypoints along the route. The route will be divided up into a series of segments. At the end of each segment is a vertex called a maneuver. The segments contain information about the time and distance to the end of the segment. The maneuvers contain information about what to do next, how to get onto the next segment, if there is one. So a maneuver contains navigational information, for example "turn right now".

To find a suitable route we will need to use a RouteQuery to define the selection criteria and adding any required waypoints. The RouteModel should return a list of RouteSegments that defines the route to the destination complete with navigation advice at the joins between segments, called RouteManeuvers

There are many options that you can add to the query to narrow the criteria. The RouteQuery properties can include

numberAlternativeRoutesThe number of alternative routes
travelModesTravel modes
routeOptimizationsRequired route optimizations
segmentDetailLevel of detail in segments
maneuverDetailLevel of detail in maneuvers between segments
waypointsA list of waypoints
excludedAreasA list of excluded areas that the route must not cross
featureTypesRelevant map features, for example highway, ferry

In the following example a default RouteQuery is declared within RouteModel.

RouteModel {
    id: routeModel
    plugin : map.plugin
    query:  RouteQuery {
        id: routeQuery
    }
    onStatusChanged: {
        if (status == RouteModel.Ready) {
            switch (count) {
            case 0:
                // technically not an error
                map.routeError()
                break
            case 1:
                map.showRouteList()
                break
            }
        } else if (status == RouteModel.Error) {
            map.routeError()
        }
    }
}

The user enters some information such as the starting point of the route, some waypoints and the destination. All of these locations are waypoints so the locations from start to finish will be entered as a sequence of waypoints. Then other query properties can be set that may be specific to this trip.

// clear away any old data in the query
routeQuery.clearWaypoints();

// add the start and end coords as waypoints on the route
routeQuery.addWaypoint(startCoordinate)
routeQuery.addWaypoint(endCoordinate)
routeQuery.travelModes = RouteQuery.CarTravel
routeQuery.routeOptimizations = RouteQuery.FastestRoute

routeModel.update();

The routeInfoModel ListModel is used to grab the results of the query and construct a suitable list for display.

ListView {
    interactive: true
    model: ListModel { id: routeInfoModel }
    header: RouteListHeader {}
    delegate:  RouteListDelegate{
        routeIndex.text: index + 1
        routeInstruction.text: instruction
        routeDistance.text: distance
    }
}

The ListModel routeInfoModel can be filled with values using a code, that loops through the segments extracting the segment length, instruction text and distance to the next instruction. The extracted data is formatted for display as it is retrieved.

routeInfoModel.clear()
if (routeModel.count > 0) {
    for (var i = 0; i < routeModel.get(0).segments.length; i++) {
        routeInfoModel.append({
            "instruction": routeModel.get(0).segments[i].maneuver.instructionText,
             "distance": Helper.formatDistance(routeModel.get(0).segments[i].maneuver.distanceToNextInstruction)
        });
    }
}

For more information on the example see the Map Viewer (QML) example.

Zoom, Pinch and Flickable

The Map item also supports user interface interactions with the map using tactile and mouse gestures. That is features such as swiping to pan, pinching to zoom.

Enabling and configuring pinch and flickable is easy within the Map type.

Map {
    id: map
    // Enable pan, flick, and pinch gestures to zoom in and out
    gesture.acceptedGestures: MapGestureArea.PanGesture | MapGestureArea.FlickGesture | MapGestureArea.PinchGesture
    gesture.flickDeceleration: 3000
    gesture.enabled: true
}

Zoom can also be controlled by other objects like sliders, with binding to the Map zoomLevel.

QML Types

Maps

Map

Type displays a map

MapCircle

Type displays a geographic circle on a Map

MapGestureArea

Type provides Map gesture interaction

MapItemView

Used to populate Map from a model

MapPinchEvent

Type provides basic information about pinch event

MapPolygon

Type displays a polygon on a Map

MapPolyline

Type displays a polyline on a map

MapQuickItem

Type displays an arbitrary Qt Quick object on a Map

MapRectangle

Type displays a rectangle on a Map

MapRoute

Type displays a Route on a Map

MapType

Type holds information about a map type

Geocoding

GeocodeModel

Type provides support for searching operations related to geographic information

Routing

Route

Type represents one geographical route

RouteManeuver

Type represents the information relevant to the point at which two RouteSegments meet

RouteModel

Type provides access to routes

RouteQuery

Type is used to provide query parameters to a RouteModel

RouteSegment

Type represents a segment of a Route

Example

The above snippets are taken from the Map Viewer (QML) example.

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