Qt Quick Particles Examples - Affectors

This is a collection of small QML examples relating to using Affectors in the particle system. Each example is a small QML file emphasizing a particular type or feature.

Age demonstrates using an Age affector to prematurely end the lives of particles.

Age {
    anchors.fill: parent
    system: particles
    once: true
    lifeLeft: 1200
    advancePosition: false
}

As you move the affector around the screen, the particles inside it (which haven't already been affected) jump to a period near the end of their life. This gives them a short period to finish fading out, but changing lifeLeft to 0 (the default), would cause them to reach the end of their life instantly.

Attractor demonstrates using an Attractor affector to simulate a black hole

Attractor {
    id: gs; pointX: root.width/2; pointY: root.height/2; strength: 4000000;
    affectedParameter: Attractor.Acceleration
    proportionalToDistance: Attractor.InverseQuadratic
}

All particles in the scene, including the rocket ship's exhaust and pellets, are pulled towards the black hole. This effect is stronger closer to the black hole, so the asteroids near the top of the screen are barely affected at all, while the ones towards the middle sometimes curve drastically. To complete the effect, an Age affector covers the black hole to destroy particles which come in contact with it.

Custom Affector manipulates the properties of the particles directly in javascript. One Affector is used to make the leaves rock back and forth as they fall, looking more leaf-like than just spinning in circles:

Affector {
    property real coefficient: 0.1
    property real velocity: 1.5
    width: parent.width
    height: parent.height - 100
    onAffectParticles: {
    /*  //Linear movement
        if (particle.r == 0) {
            particle.r = Math.random() > 0.5 ? -1 : 1;
        } else if (particle.r == 1) {
            particle.rotation += velocity * dt;
            if (particle.rotation >= maxAngle)
                particle.r = -1;
        } else if (particle.r == -1) {
            particle.rotation -= velocity * dt;
            if (particle.rotation <= -1 * maxAngle)
                particle.r = 1;
        }
    */
        //Wobbly movement
        for (var i=0; i<particles.length; i++) {
            var particle = particles[i];
            if (particle.r == 0.0) {
                particle.r = Math.random() + 0.01;
            }
            particle.rotation += velocity * particle.r * dt;
            particle.r -= particle.rotation * coefficient;
            if (particle.r == 0.0)
                particle.r -= particle.rotation * 0.000001;
            particle.update = 1;
        }
    }
}

Another is used to provide a slightly varying friction to the leaves as they 'land', to look more natural:

Affector {//Custom Friction, adds some 'randomness'
    x: -60
    width: parent.width + 120
    height: 100
    anchors.bottom: parent.bottom
    onAffectParticles: {
        for (var i=0; i<particles.length; i++) {
            var particle = particles[i];
            var pseudoRand = (Math.floor(particle.t*1327) % 10) + 1;
            var yslow = dt * pseudoRand * 0.5 + 1;
            var xslow = dt * pseudoRand * 0.05 + 1;
            if (particle.vy < 1)
                particle.vy = 0;
            else
                particle.vy = (particle.vy / yslow);
            if (particle.vx < 1)
                particle.vx = 0;
            else
                particle.vx = (particle.vx / xslow);
            particle.update = true;
        }
    }
}

Friction is similar to the falling leaves in the custom affector, except that it uses a flat friction the whole way down instead of custom affectors.

Friction {
    anchors.fill: parent
    anchors.margins: -40
    factor: 0.4
}

Gravity is a convenience affector for applying a constant acceleration to particles inside it

Gravity {
    system: sys
    magnitude: 32
    angle: ground.rotation + 90
}

GroupGoal sets up two particle groups for flaming and non-flaming balls, and gives you various ways to transition between them.

ParticleGroup {
    name: "unlit"
    duration: 1000
    to: {"lighting":1, "unlit":99}
    ImageParticle {
        source: "../../images/particleA.png"
        colorVariation: 0.1
        color: "#2060160f"
    }
    GroupGoal {
        whenCollidingWith: ["lit"]
        goalState: "lighting"
        jump: true
    }
}

The non-flaming balls have a one in a hundred chance of lighting on their own each second, but they also have a GroupGoal set on the whole group. This affector affects all particles of the unlit group, when colliding with particles in the lit group, and cause them to move to the lighting group.

ParticleGroup {
    name: "lighting"
    duration: 100
    to: {"lit":1}
}

lighting is an intermediate group so that the glow builds up and the transition is less jarring. So it automatically moves into the lit group after 100ms.

ParticleGroup {
    name: "lit"
    duration: 10000
    onEntered: score++;
    TrailEmitter {
        id: fireballFlame
        group: "flame"

        emitRatePerParticle: 48
        lifeSpan: 200
        emitWidth: 8
        emitHeight: 8

        size: 24
        sizeVariation: 8
        endSize: 4
    }

    TrailEmitter {
        id: fireballSmoke
        group: "smoke"

The lit group also has TrailEmitters on it for additional fire and smoke, but does not transition anywhere. There are two more GroupGoal objects that allow particles in the unlit group to transition to the lighting group (and then to the lit group).

GroupGoal {
    groups: ["unlit"]
    goalState: "lit"
    jump: true
    system: particles
    x: -15
    y: -55
    height: 75
    width: 30
    shape: MaskShape {source: "../../images/matchmask.png"}
}

The first is just an area bound to the location of an image of a pilot flame. When unlit balls pass through the flame, they go straight to lit because the pilot flame is so hot.

//Click to enflame
GroupGoal {
    groups: ["unlit"]
    goalState: "lighting"
    jump: true
    enabled: ma.pressed
    width: 18
    height: 18
    x: ma.mouseX - width/2
    y: ma.mouseY - height/2
}

The second is bound to the location of the last pointer interaction, so that touching or clicking on unlit balls (which is hard due to their constant movement) causes them to move to the lighting group.

Move shows some simple effects you can get by altering trajectory midway. The red particles have an affector that affects their position, jumping them forwards by 120px.

Affector {
    groups: ["A"]
    x: 120
    width: 80
    height: 80
    once: true
    position: PointDirection { x: 120; }
}

The green particles have an affector that affects their velocity, but with some angle variation. By adding some random direction velocity to their existing forwards velocity, they begin to spray off in a cone.

Affector {
    groups: ["B"]
    x: 120
    y: 240
    width: 80
    height: 80
    once: true
    velocity: AngleDirection { angleVariation:360; magnitude: 72 }
}

The blue particles have an affector that affects their acceleration, and because it sets relative to false this resets the acceleration instead of adding to it. Once the blue particles reach the affector, their horizontal velocity stops increasing as their vertical velocity decreases.

Affector {
    groups: ["C"]
    x: 120
    y: 400
    width: 80
    height: 120
    once: true
    relative: false
    acceleration: PointDirection { y: -80; }
}

SpriteGoal has an affector which interacts with the sprite engine of particles, if they are being drawn as sprites by ImageParticle.

SpriteGoal {
    groups: ["meteor"]
    system: sys
    goalState: "explode"
    jump: true
    anchors.fill: rocketShip
    width: 60
    height: 60
}

The SpriteGoal follows the image of the rocket ship on screen, and when it interacts with particles drawn by ImageParticle as sprites, it instructs them to move immediately to the "explode" state, which in this case is the animation of the asteroid breaking into many pieces.

Turbulence has a flame with smoke, and both sets of particles being affected by a Turbulence affector. This gives a faint wind effect.

Turbulence {
    id: turb
    enabled: true
    height: (parent.height / 2) - 4
    width: parent.width
    x: parent. width / 4
    anchors.fill: parent
    strength: 32
    NumberAnimation on strength{from: 16; to: 64; easing.type: Easing.InOutBounce; duration: 1800; loops: -1}
}

To make the wind change direction, subsitute a black and white noise image in the noiseSource parameter (it currently uses a default noise source).

Wander uses a Wander affector to add some horizontal drift to snowflakes as they fall down.

Wander {
    id: wanderer
    system: particles
    anchors.fill: parent
    xVariance: 360/(wanderer.affectedParameter+1);
    pace: 100*(wanderer.affectedParameter+1);
}

There are different movements given by applying the Wander to different attributes of the trajectory, so the example makes it easy to play around and see the difference.

Files:

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