Multiple Inheritance Example

The Multiple Inheritance Example shows how to use a form created with Qt Designer in an application by subclassing both QWidget and the user interface class, which is Ui::CalculatorForm.

To subclass the calculatorform.ui file and ensure that qmake processes it with the uic, we have to include calculatorform.ui in the .pro file, as shown below:

SOURCES = calculatorform.cpp main.cpp
HEADERS = calculatorform.h
FORMS = calculatorform.ui

When the project is compiled, the uic will generate a corresponding ui_calculatorform.h.

CalculatorForm Definition

In the CalculatorForm definition, we include the ui_calculatorform.h that was generated earlier.

#include "ui_calculatorform.h"

As mentioned earlier, the class is a subclass of both QWidget and Ui::CalculatorForm.

class CalculatorForm : public QWidget, private Ui::CalculatorForm

    CalculatorForm(QWidget *parent = 0);

private slots:
    void on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged(int value);
    void on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(int value);

Two slots are defined according to the automatic connection naming convention required by uic. This is to ensure that QMetaObject's auto-connection facilities connect all the signals and slots involved automatically.

CalculatorForm Implementation

In the constructor, we call setupUi() to load the user interface file. Note that we do not need the ui prefix as CalculatorForm is a subclass of the user interface class.

CalculatorForm::CalculatorForm(QWidget *parent)
    : QWidget(parent)

We include two slots, on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged() and on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(). These slots respond to the valueChanged() signal that both spin boxes emit. Whenever there is a change in one spin box's value, we take that value and add it to whatever value the other spin box has.

void CalculatorForm::on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged(int value)
    outputWidget->setText(QString::number(value + inputSpinBox2->value()));

void CalculatorForm::on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(int value)
    outputWidget->setText(QString::number(value + inputSpinBox1->value()));

main() Function

The main() function instantiates QApplication and CalculatorForm. The calculator object is displayed by invoking the show() function.

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    QApplication app(argc, argv);
    CalculatorForm calculator;;
    return app.exec();

There are various approaches to include forms into applications. The Multiple Inheritance approach is just one of them. See Using a Designer UI File in Your Application for more information on the other approaches available.


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