WebEngine StyleSheet Browser Example

Demonstrates how to inject CSS into web pages using user scripts.

StyleSheet Browser demonstrates how to use the Qt WebEngine C++ classes to inject user stylesheets into web pages.

Running the Example

To run the example from Qt Creator, open the Welcome mode and select the example from Examples. For more information, visit Building and Running an Example.

Working With Stylesheets

We use JavaScript to create and append CSS elements to the documents. After declaring the script source, QWebEnginePage::runJavaScript() can run it immediately and apply newly created styles on the current content of the web view. Encapsulating the script into a QWebEngineScript and adding it to the script collection of QWebEnginePage makes its effect permanent.

void MainWindow::insertStyleSheet(const QString &name, const QString &source, bool immediately)
{
    QWebEngineScript script;
    QString s = QString::fromLatin1("(function() {"\
                                    "    css = document.createElement('style');"\
                                    "    css.type = 'text/css';"\
                                    "    css.id = '%1';"\
                                    "    document.head.appendChild(css);"\
                                    "    css.innerText = '%2';"\
                                    "})()").arg(name).arg(source.simplified());
    if (immediately)
        ui->webEngineView->page()->runJavaScript(s, QWebEngineScript::ApplicationWorld);

    script.setName(name);
    script.setSourceCode(s);
    script.setInjectionPoint(QWebEngineScript::DocumentReady);
    script.setRunsOnSubFrames(true);
    script.setWorldId(QWebEngineScript::ApplicationWorld);
    ui->webEngineView->page()->scripts().insert(script);
}

Removing stylesheets can be done similarly:

void MainWindow::removeStyleSheet(const QString &name, bool immediately)
{
    QString s = QString::fromLatin1("(function() {"\
                                    "    var element = document.getElementById('%1');"\
                                    "    element.outerHTML = '';"\
                                    "    delete element;"\
                                    "})()").arg(name);
    if (immediately)
        ui->webEngineView->page()->runJavaScript(s, QWebEngineScript::ApplicationWorld);

    QWebEngineScript script = ui->webEngineView->page()->scripts().findScript(name);
    ui->webEngineView->page()->scripts().remove(script);
}

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