Elided Label Example

Elided Label example on XPressMusic 5800

When text of varying length has to be displayed in a uniformly sized area, for instance within a list or grid view where all list items have the same size, it can be useful to give the user a visual clue when not all text is visible. QLabel can elide text that doesn't fit within it, but only in one line. The ElidedLabel widget shown in this example word wraps its text by its width, and elides the last visible line if some text is left out. TestWidget gives control to the features of ElidedWidget and forms the example application.

ElidedLabel Class Definition

Like QLabel, ElidedLabel inherits from QFrame. Here's the definition of the ElidedLabel class:

class ElidedLabel : public QFrame
{
    Q_OBJECT
    Q_PROPERTY(QString text READ text WRITE setText)
    Q_PROPERTY(bool isElided READ isElided)

public:
    explicit ElidedLabel(const QString &text, QWidget *parent = 0);

    void setText(const QString &text);
    const QString & text() const { return content; }
    bool isElided() const { return elided; }

protected:
    void paintEvent(QPaintEvent *event) Q_DECL_OVERRIDE;

signals:
    void elisionChanged(bool elided);

private:
    bool elided;
    QString content;
};

The isElided property depends the font, text content and geometry of the widget. Whenever any of these change, the elisionChanged() signal might trigger. We cache the current elision value in elided, so that it doesn't have to be recomputed every time it's asked for.

ElidedLabel Class Implementation

Except for initializing the member variables, the constructor sets the size policy to be horizontally expanding, since it's meant to fill the width of its container and grow vertically.

ElidedLabel::ElidedLabel(const QString &text, QWidget *parent)
    : QFrame(parent)
    , elided(false)
    , content(text)
{
    setSizePolicy(QSizePolicy::Expanding, QSizePolicy::Preferred);
}

Changing the content require a repaint of the widget.

void ElidedLabel::setText(const QString &newText)
{
    content = newText;
    update();
}

QTextLayout is used in the paintEvent() to divide the content into lines, that wrap on word boundaries. Each line, except the last visible one, is drawn lineSpacing pixels below the previous one. The draw() method of QTextLine will draw the line using the coordinate point as the top left corner.

void ElidedLabel::paintEvent(QPaintEvent *event)
{
    QFrame::paintEvent(event);

    QPainter painter(this);
    QFontMetrics fontMetrics = painter.fontMetrics();

    bool didElide = false;
    int lineSpacing = fontMetrics.lineSpacing();
    int y = 0;

    QTextLayout textLayout(content, painter.font());
    textLayout.beginLayout();
    forever {
        QTextLine line = textLayout.createLine();

        if (!line.isValid())
            break;

        line.setLineWidth(width());
        int nextLineY = y + lineSpacing;

        if (height() >= nextLineY + lineSpacing) {
            line.draw(&painter, QPoint(0, y));
            y = nextLineY;

Unfortunately, QTextLayout does not elide text, so the last visible line has to be treated differently. This last line is elided if it is too wide. The drawText() method of QPainter draws the text starting from the base line, which is ascecnt() pixels below the last drawn line.

Finally, one more line is created to see if everything fit on this line.

} else {
QString lastLine = content.mid(line.textStart());
QString elidedLastLine = fontMetrics.elidedText(lastLine, Qt::ElideRight, width());
painter.drawText(QPoint(0, y + fontMetrics.ascent()), elidedLastLine);
line = textLayout.createLine();
didElide = line.isValid();
break;
}
}
textLayout.endLayout();

If the text was elided and wasn't before or vice versa, cache it in elided and emit the change.

if (didElide != elided) {
    elided = didElide;
    emit elisionChanged(didElide);
}
}

TestWidget Class Definition

TestWidget is a QWidget and is the main window of the example. It contains an ElidedLabel which can be resized with two QSlider widgets.

class TestWidget : public QWidget
{
    Q_OBJECT

public:
    TestWidget(QWidget *parent = 0);

protected:
    void resizeEvent(QResizeEvent *event) Q_DECL_OVERRIDE;

private slots:
    void switchText();
    void onWidthChanged(int width);
    void onHeightChanged(int height);

private:
    int sampleIndex;
    QStringList textSamples;
    ElidedLabel *elidedText;
    QSlider *heightSlider;
    QSlider *widthSlider;
};

TestWidget Class Implementation

The constructor initializes the whole widget. Strings of different length are stored in textSamples. The user is able to switch between these.

TestWidget::TestWidget(QWidget *parent):
    QWidget(parent)
{
    const QString romeo = tr(
        "But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? / "
        "It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. / "
        "Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, / "
        "Who is already sick and pale with grief / "
        "That thou, her maid, art far more fair than she."
    );

    const QString macbeth = tr(
        "To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, / "
        "Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, / "
        "To the last syllable of recorded time; / "
        "And all our yesterdays have lighted fools / "
        "The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! / "
        "Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player, / "
        "That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, / "
        "And then is heard no more. It is a tale / "
        "Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, / "
        "Signifying nothing."
    );

    const QString harry = tr("Feeling lucky, punk?");

    textSamples << romeo << macbeth << harry;

An ElidedLabel is created to contain the first of the sample strings. The frame is made visible to make it easier to see the actual size of the widget.

sampleIndex = 0;
elidedText = new ElidedLabel(textSamples[sampleIndex], this);
elidedText->setFrameStyle(QFrame::Box);

The buttons and the elision label are created. By connecting the elisionChanged() signal to the setVisible() slot of the label, it will act as an indicator to when the text is elided or not. This signal could, for instance, be used to make a "More" button visible, or similar.

QPushButton *switchButton = new QPushButton(tr("Switch text"));
connect(switchButton, SIGNAL(clicked(bool)), this, SLOT(switchText()));

QPushButton *exitButton = new QPushButton(tr("Exit"));
connect(exitButton, SIGNAL(clicked(bool)), this, SLOT(close()));

QLabel *label = new QLabel(tr("Elided"));
label->setVisible(elidedText->isElided());
connect(elidedText, SIGNAL(elisionChanged(bool)), label, SLOT(setVisible(bool)));

The widthSlider and heightSlider specify the size of the elidedText. Since the y-axis is inverted, the heightSlider has to be inverted to act appropriately.

widthSlider = new QSlider(Qt::Horizontal);
widthSlider->setMinimum(0);
connect(widthSlider, SIGNAL(valueChanged(int)), this, SLOT(onWidthChanged(int)));

heightSlider = new QSlider(Qt::Vertical);
heightSlider->setInvertedAppearance(true);
heightSlider->setMinimum(0);
connect(heightSlider, SIGNAL(valueChanged(int)), this, SLOT(onHeightChanged(int)));

The components are all stored in a QGridLayout, which is made the layout of the TestWidget.

QGridLayout *layout = new QGridLayout();
layout->addWidget(label, 0, 1, Qt::AlignCenter);
layout->addWidget(switchButton, 0, 2);
layout->addWidget(exitButton, 0, 3);
layout->addWidget(widthSlider, 1, 1, 1, 3);
layout->addWidget(heightSlider, 2, 0);
layout->addWidget(elidedText, 2, 1, 1, 3, Qt::AlignTop | Qt::AlignLeft);

setLayout(layout);

The widthSlider and heightSlider have the exact same length as the dimensions of the elidedText. The maximum value for both of them is thus their lengths, and each tick indicates one pixel.

void TestWidget::resizeEvent(QResizeEvent *event)
{
    Q_UNUSED(event)

    int maxWidth = widthSlider->width();
    widthSlider->setMaximum(maxWidth);
    widthSlider->setValue(maxWidth / 2);

    int maxHeight = heightSlider->height();
    heightSlider->setMaximum(maxHeight);
    heightSlider->setValue(maxHeight / 2);

    elidedText->setFixedSize(widthSlider->value(), heightSlider->value());
}

The switchText() slot simply cycles through all the available sample texts.

void TestWidget::switchText()
{
    sampleIndex = (sampleIndex + 1) % textSamples.size();
    elidedText->setText(textSamples.at(sampleIndex));
}

These slots set the width and height of the elided text, in response to changes in the sliders.

The main() Function

The main() function creates an instance of TestWidget fullscreen and enters the message loop.

int main( int argc, char *argv[] )
{
    QApplication application( argc, argv );
    TestWidget w;
    w.showFullScreen();
    return application.exec();
}

Files:

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