SQL Programming

This overview assumes that you have at least a basic knowledge of SQL. You should be able to understand simple SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements. Although the QSqlTableModel class provides an interface to database browsing and editing that does not require a knowledge of SQL, a basic understanding of SQL is highly recommended. A standard text covering SQL databases is An Introduction to Database Systems (7th Ed.) by C. J. Date, ISBN 0201385902.

Topics:

Database Classes

These classes provide access to SQL databases.

QSql

Contains miscellaneous identifiers used throughout the Qt SQL module

QSqlDatabase

Represents a connection to a database

QSqlDriver

Abstract base class for accessing specific SQL databases

QSqlDriverCreator

Template class that provides a SQL driver factory for a specific driver type

QSqlDriverCreatorBase

The base class for SQL driver factories

QSqlError

SQL database error information

QSqlField

Manipulates the fields in SQL database tables and views

QSqlIndex

Functions to manipulate and describe database indexes

QSqlQuery

Means of executing and manipulating SQL statements

QSqlQueryModel

Read-only data model for SQL result sets

QSqlRecord

Encapsulates a database record

QSqlRelationalTableModel

Editable data model for a single database table, with foreign key support

QSqlResult

Abstract interface for accessing data from specific SQL databases

QSqlTableModel

Editable data model for a single database table

The SQL classes are divided into three layers:

Driver Layer

This comprises the classes QSqlDriver, QSqlDriverCreator, QSqlDriverCreatorBase, QSqlDriverPlugin, and QSqlResult.

This layer provides the low-level bridge between the specific databases and the SQL API layer. See SQL Database Drivers for more information.

SQL API Layer

These classes provide access to databases. Connections are made using the QSqlDatabase class. Database interaction is achieved by using the QSqlQuery class. In addition to QSqlDatabase and QSqlQuery, the SQL API layer is supported by QSqlError, QSqlField, QSqlIndex, and QSqlRecord.

User Interface Layer

These classes link the data from a database to data-aware widgets. They include QSqlQueryModel, QSqlTableModel, and QSqlRelationalTableModel. These classes are designed to work with Qt's model/view framework.

Note that a QCoreApplication object must be instantiated before using any of these classes.

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