This section lists some typical problems that you might encounter while debugging and solutions to them.
Cannot Launch Debugger
Some anti-virus applications do not allow debuggers to retrieve data. For example, on Windows, launching the debugger might fail with the following message if the Avira AntiVir is installed on the development PC: The inferior stopped because it received a signal from the operating system. Signal name:? signal meaning: Unknown signal.
Some versions of Avira AntiVir Desktop-Products contain known issues in various development environments, including Qt Creator. To fix the problem, Avira instructs you to update to version
avipbb.sys 10.0.22.22. For more information, see Restricted Usability of IDE/Debuggers since 2010-12-08.
Debugger Does Not Hit Breakpoints
You might have created a release build that does not contain debug information. A GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) debug build has the
-g option on the compiler command line. Check that this option is present in the Compile Output pane. If it is not, adjust your build settings in the Projects mode.
Debugger Does Not Work
If the debugger does not work properly, try the following:
- Make sure you use at least Qt Creator 3.0.1
- Make sure the debugger is set up properly. For more information, see Setting Up Debugger.
- In the Debug mode, select Window > Views > Debugger Log to open the Debugger Log view. Browse the contents of the pane on the right hand side to find out what went wrong. Always attach the contents of the pane to debugger-related questions to the Qt Creator mailing list (email@example.com) or paste them to creator.pastebin.com before asking questions in the IRC (on the #qt-creator channel at FreeNode).
Pointer Variable Members Are Not Displayed Directly
When you use the Locals and Expressions view to inspect a pointer variable and expand the variable tree item, another tree item level is displayed. To directly display the members of the pointer variable, select Dereference Pointers Automatically in the context menu in the Locals and Expressions view.
Structure Members Are Not Sorted According to Structure Layout
By default, structure members are displayed in alphabetic order. To inspect the real layout in memory, deselect Sort Members of Classes and Structs Alphabetically in the context menu in the Locals and Expressions view.
Built-in Debugger Is Slow During Startup and Runtime
The part of the slowness that is related to the loading of debug information is hard to avoid. Another part stems from maintaining breakpoints inside the debugger (under some circumstances all breakpoints need to be inserted and removed again for each step) and the evaluation of expressions after each step. We recommend that you minimize the number of breakpoints and watched expressions.
Debugger Cannot Attach to Running Process on Linux
ptrace to attach to running processes. Some Linux distributions do not allow this, which stops all attempts to either directly attach to an existing process or use the Run in terminal option in Qt Creator.
The reasons for this are described in KernelHardening.
However, the usefulness of this security measure seems dubious, because this feature can be easily disabled. With root permissions, you can disable the feature temporarily by writing
/proc/sys/kernel/yama/ptrace_scope or permanently by changing the value in
/etc/sysctl.d/10-ptrace.conf. Even if you do not have elevated permissions, you can disable the feature later by adding a library that calls
prctl(0x59616d61, getppid(), 0, 0, 0);, such as the one in
$QTCREATORDIR/lib/libptracepreload.so to the LD_PRELOAD environment.
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