Qt for X11 Requirements

Platform Plugin Dependencies

On Linux, the xcb QPA (Qt Platform Abstraction) platform plugin is used. It provides the basic functionality needed by Qt GUI and Qt Widgets to run against X11. Its library dependencies are described the following table. To build Qt from its source code, you will also need to install the development packages for these libraries for your system.

Note: From Qt 5.15 onwards, Qt does require libxcb 1.11. Also, the -qt-xcb configure option got removed that was bundling some of the libs below. Anyhow, you can now configure with -bundled-xcb-xinput to avoid a dependency to system xcb-xinput.

NameLibraryNotesConfiguration optionsMinimum working version
XRenderlibXrenderX Rendering Extension; used for anti-aliasing and alpha cursor support-xrender or auto-detected0.9.0
xcb-renderlibxcb-renderX C Bindings for Render extensionauto-detected1.9
xcb-render-utillibxcb-render-utilUtility library for XCB for Render extensionauto-detected0.3.8
xcb-shapelibxcb-shapeX C Bindings for Shape extensionauto-detected1.9
xcb-randrlibxcb-randrX C Bindings for Resize and Rotate Extensionauto-detected1.9
xcb-xfixeslibxcb-xfixesX C Bindings for Fixes Extensionauto-detected1.9
xcb-synclibxcb-syncX C Bindings for Sync Extensionauto-detected1.9
xcb-shmlibxcb-shmX C Bindings for Shared Memory Extensionauto-detected1.9
xcb-icccmlibxcb-icccmX C Bindings for ICCCM Protocolauto-detected0.3.9
xcb-keysymslibxcb-keysymsUtility library for XCB for keycode conversionauto-detected0.3.9
xcb-imagelibxcb-imageUtility library for XCB for XImage and XShmImage, used for QBackingStore and cursor supportauto-detected0.3.9
xkbcommonlibxkbcommonKeymap handling-xkbcommon or auto-detected0.5.0
xkbcommon-x11libxkbcommon-x11Keymap handlingauto-detected0.5.0
FontconfiglibfontconfigFont customization and configuration-fontconfig or auto-detected2.6
FreeTypelibfreetypeFont engine2.3.0
XextlibXextX Extensions6.4.3
X11libX11X11 client-side library6.2.1
xcblibxcbX C Binding library1.9
X11-xcblibX11-xcbXlib/XCB interface library1.3.2
SMlibSMX Session Management-sm or auto-detected6.0.4
ICElibICEInter-Client Exchange-sm or auto-detected6.3.5
gliblibglib-2.0Common event loop handling-glib or auto-detected2.8.3

Development packages for these libraries contain header files that are used when building Qt from its source code. On Debian-based GNU/Linux systems, for example, we recommend that you install the following development packages:

  • libfontconfig1-dev
  • libfreetype6-dev
  • libx11-dev
  • libx11-xcb-dev
  • libxext-dev
  • libxfixes-dev
  • libxi-dev
  • libxrender-dev
  • libxcb1-dev
  • libxcb-glx0-dev
  • libxcb-keysyms1-dev
  • libxcb-image0-dev
  • libxcb-shm0-dev
  • libxcb-icccm4-dev
  • libxcb-sync0-dev
  • libxcb-xfixes0-dev
  • libxcb-shape0-dev
  • libxcb-randr0-dev
  • libxcb-render-util0-dev
  • libxcd-xinerama-dev
  • libxkbcommon-dev
  • libxkbcommon-x11-dev

Some of these packages depend on others in this list, so installing one may cause others to be automatically installed. Other distributions may provide system packages with similar names.

Accessibility Dependencies

The Qt accessibility implementation uses the Assistive Technology Service Provider Interface (AT-SPI). Besides DBUS, the development package libatspi2.0-dev must be installed.

OpenGL Dependencies

Configure attempts to automatically detect OpenGL ES 2.0, or later, or regular desktop OpenGL. You can disable OpenGL support by using the -no-opengl option.

Note: The Qt OpenGL module (which contains classes that start with QGL) has been deprecated in favor of the Qt GUI module (which contains classes that start with QOpenGL).

Multimedia Dependencies

As described in the Multimedia overview, Qt Multimedia uses the GStreamer multimedia framework as the backend for audio and video playback on Linux. The minimum required version of GStreamer is 0.10.24. The 1.x series is also supported.

To build Qt Multimedia, you need the GStreamer library, base plugins, and development files for your system. To run applications that use Qt Multimedia, you might also need to install the following GStreamer plugins: 'good', 'ugly', 'bad', ffmpeg (0.10), and libav (1.x). These additional plugins contain various codecs for audio and video decoding, as well as the necessary components for using the camera APIs. The package names for GStreamer vary between Linux distributions; try searching for gstreamer or libgstreamer in your distribution's package repository to find suitable packages.

Speech Dependencies

Qt Speech depends on Speech Dispatcher (libspeechd) on the Linux platform. The following development packages should be installed:

  • flite1-dev
  • libspeechd-dev
  • speech-dispatcher

Qt WebEngine Dependencies

Qt WebEngine has additional build requirements which are listed in the Qt WebEngine Platform Notes.

QDoc Dependencies

Since version 5.11, QDoc uses Clang to parse C++ code. If you wish to build QDoc manually, refer to Installing Clang for QDoc for specific build requirements.

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