Changes to Qt GUI#
Kernel, Text, Painting, and Utility classes are modified.
Qt 6 is a result of the conscious effort to make the framework more efficient and easy to use.
We try to maintain binary and source compatibility for all the public APIs in each release. But some changes were inevitable in an effort to make Qt a better framework.
In this topic we summarize those changes in Qt GUI, and provide guidance to handle them.
The QBitmap class#
Implicit construction of a
QBitmap from a
QPixmap is no longer supported. The constructor and assignment operator have been made explicit and marked as deprecated. Use the new static factory function
The QCursor class#
Implicit construction of a
QCursor from a
QPixmap is no longer supported, the constructor has been made explicit.
The QKeyCombination class#
QKeyCombination is a new class for storing a combination of a key with an optional modifier. It should be used as a replacement for combining values from the Qt::Key enum with a modifier in a type-safe way.
We recommend migrating code that currently uses operator+() to combine a key and modifiers, as future C++ standards are likely to declare arithmetic operations between unrelated enumeration types as illegal. Use operator|(), and change APIs that expect an
int to expect a QKeyCombination instead.
Existing APIs that expect an
int for a key combination can be called using QKeyCombination::toCombined().
The QFontDatabase class#
QFontDatabase class has now only static member functions. The constructor has been deprecated. Instead of e.g.
const QStringList fontFamilies = QFontDatabase().families();
const QStringList fontFamilies = QFontDatabase::families();
The QFont class#
The numerical values of the
Weight enumerator have been changed to be in line with OpenType weight values.
setWeight() expects an enum value instead of an
int, and code that calls the setter with an integer will fail to compile. To continue to use old integer values, use QFont::setLegacyWeight().
See the porting guide for Qt Print Support for information about
QPagedPaintDevice and other printing related classes.
QIntValidator and QDoubleValidator#
setRange() method is no longer marked as virtual.
With the introduction of Qt RHI as the rendering foundation in Qt, most classes prefixed by
QOpenGL have been moved into the Qt OpenGL module.
More details can be found in the Qt OpenGL porting guide.
One notable exception is the class
QOpenGLContext , which still resides in Qt GUI.
In addition, the class QOpenGLWidget has been moved to a new module, named Qt OpenGL Widgets.
The QOpenGLContext class#
The QOpenGLContext::versionFunctions() function is replaced by QOpenGLVersionFunctionsFactory::get(). QOpenGLVersionFunctionsFactory is a public class now, part of the Qt OpenGL module.
On Windows, ANGLE, a third-party OpenGL ES to Direct 3D translator, is no longer included in Qt. This means Qt::AA_UseOpenGLES and the environment variable
QT_OPENGL=angle no longer have any effect. In dynamic OpenGL builds there is no automatic fallback to ANGLE in case OpenGL proper fails to initialize. For
QWindow or QWidget based applications using OpenGL directly, for example via QOpenGLWidget, this means that OpenGL proper is the only option at run time. However, the alternative of using a pure software OpenGL implementation, such as Mesa llvmpipe that is shipped with the pre-built Qt packages, is still available. For Qt Quick and Qt Quick 3D applications, Qt 6 introduces support for Direct 3D 11, Vulkan, and Metal, in addition to OpenGL. On Windows the default choice is Direct 3D, therefore the removal of ANGLE is alleviated by having support for graphics APIs other than OpenGL as well.
Native clipboard integration#
Qt 5 provided interfaces for integrating platform specific or custom clipboard formats into Qt through
QWindowsMime from the Windows QPA API. Since Qt 6.6, the equivalent functionality is provided by the classes
QUtiMimeConverter for macOS, and the
QWindowsMimeConverter for Windows.
Porting from QWindowsMime to
QWindowsMimeConverter requires practically no changes, as the virtual interface is identical. However, in Qt 6 it is no longer needed to register a
QWindowsMimeConverter implementation; instantiating the type implicitly registers the converter.
Porting a QMacPasteboardMime to
QUtiMimeConverter requires renaming some of the virtual functions. Note that the
QMacPasteboardMime API used the outdated term
flavor for the native clipboard format on macOS, whereas the platform now uses
Uniform Type Identifiers, i.e.
UTIs, which Qt has adapted for function and parameter names.
flavorFor functions are replaced by the mimeForUti and utiForMime implementations, respectively. Those should return the name of the mime type or
UTI that the converter can convert the input format to, so a port usually just involves renaming existing overrides. The
count functions in
QUtiMimeConverter are identical to their QMacPasteboardMime versions.
converterName functions are no longer needed, they are implied by implementation of the above functions, so overrides of those functions can be removed.
As with the the
QWindowsMimeConverter , registration is done by instantiating the type.