State QML Element

The State element defines configurations of objects and properties. More...

Since: Qt 4.7


Detailed Description

A state is a set of batched changes from the default configuration.

All items have a default state that defines the default configuration of objects and property values. New states can be defined by adding State items to the states property to allow items to switch between different configurations. These configurations can, for example, be used to apply different sets of property values or execute different scripts.

The following example displays a single Rectangle. In the default state, the rectangle is colored black. In the "clicked" state, a PropertyChanges element changes the rectangle's color to red. Clicking within the MouseArea toggles the rectangle's state between the default state and the "clicked" state, thus toggling the color of the rectangle between black and red.

import QtQuick 1.0

Rectangle {
    id: myRect
    width: 100; height: 100
    color: "black"

    MouseArea {
        id: mouseArea
        anchors.fill: parent
        onClicked: myRect.state == 'clicked' ? myRect.state = "" : myRect.state = 'clicked';

    states: [
        State {
            name: "clicked"
            PropertyChanges { target: myRect; color: "red" }

Notice the default state is referred to using an empty string ("").

States are commonly used together with Transitions to provide animations when state changes occur.

Note: Setting the state of an object from within another state of the same object is not allowed.

See also states example, States, Transitions, and QtDeclarative.

Property Documentation

defaultchanges : list<Change>

This property holds the changes to apply for this state

By default these changes are applied against the default state. If the state extends another state, then the changes are applied against the state being extended.

extend : string

This property holds the state that this state extends.

When a state extends another state, it inherits all the changes of that state.

The state being extended is treated as the base state in regards to the changes specified by the extending state.

name : string

This property holds the name of the state.

Each state should have a unique name within its item.

when : bool

This property holds when the state should be applied.

This should be set to an expression that evaluates to true when you want the state to be applied. For example, the following Rectangle changes in and out of the "hidden" state when the MouseArea is pressed:

Rectangle {
    id: myRect
    width: 100; height: 100
    color: "red"

    MouseArea { id: mouseArea; anchors.fill: parent }

    states: State {
        name: "hidden"; when: mouseArea.pressed
        PropertyChanges { target: myRect; opacity: 0 }

If multiple states in a group have when clauses that evaluate to true at the same time, the first matching state will be applied. For example, in the following snippet state1 will always be selected rather than state2 when sharedCondition becomes true.

Item {
    states: [
        State { name: "state1"; when: sharedCondition },
        State { name: "state2"; when: sharedCondition }
    // ...

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