QCollator Class

The QCollator class compares strings according to a localized collation algorithm. More...

Header: #include <QCollator>
qmake: QT += core
Since: Qt 5.2

Note: All functions in this class are reentrant.

Public Functions

QCollator(const QLocale &locale = QLocale())
QCollator(const QCollator &other)
QCollator(QCollator &&other)
~QCollator()
Qt::CaseSensitivity caseSensitivity() const
int compare(const QString &s1, const QString &s2) const
int compare(const QStringRef &s1, const QStringRef &s2) const
int compare(const QChar *s1, int len1, const QChar *s2, int len2) const
bool ignorePunctuation() const
QLocale locale() const
bool numericMode() const
void setCaseSensitivity(Qt::CaseSensitivity sensitivity)
void setIgnorePunctuation(bool on)
void setLocale(const QLocale &locale)
void setNumericMode(bool on)
QCollatorSortKey sortKey(const QString &string) const
void swap(QCollator &other)
QCollator &operator=(const QCollator &other)
QCollator &operator=(QCollator &&other)

Detailed Description

The QCollator class compares strings according to a localized collation algorithm.

QCollator is initialized with a QLocale and an optional collation strategy. It tries to initialize the collator with the specified values. The collator can then be used to compare and sort strings in a locale dependent fashion.

A QCollator object can be used together with template based sorting algorithms such as std::sort to sort a list of QStrings.

In addition to the locale and collation strategy, several optional flags can be set that influence the result of the collation.

Member Function Documentation

QCollator::QCollator(const QLocale &locale = QLocale())

Constructs a QCollator from locale. If locale is not specified the system's default locale is used.

See also setLocale().

QCollator::QCollator(const QCollator &other)

Creates a copy of other.

QCollator::QCollator(QCollator &&other)

Move constructor. Moves from other into this collator.

Note that a moved-from QCollator can only be destroyed or assigned to. The effect of calling other functions than the destructor or one of the assignment operators is undefined.

QCollator::~QCollator()

Destroys the collator.

Qt::CaseSensitivity QCollator::caseSensitivity() const

Returns case sensitivity of the collator.

See also setCaseSensitivity().

int QCollator::compare(const QString &s1, const QString &s2) const

Compares s1 with s2. Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero depending on whether s1 is smaller, equal or larger than s2.

int QCollator::compare(const QStringRef &s1, const QStringRef &s2) const

This is an overloaded function.

Compares s1 with s2. Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero depending on whether s1 is smaller, equal or larger than s2.

int QCollator::compare(const QChar *s1, int len1, const QChar *s2, int len2) const

This is an overloaded function.

Compares s1 with s2. len1 and len2 specify the length of the QChar arrays pointer to by s1 and s2.

Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero depending on whether s1 is smaller, equal or larger than s2.

bool QCollator::ignorePunctuation() const

Returns true if punctuation characters and symbols are ignored when determining sort order.

See also setIgnorePunctuation().

QLocale QCollator::locale() const

Returns the locale of the collator.

See also setLocale().

bool QCollator::numericMode() const

Returns true if numeric sorting is enabled, false otherwise.

See also setNumericMode().

void QCollator::setCaseSensitivity(Qt::CaseSensitivity sensitivity)

Sets the case sensitivity of the collator.

See also caseSensitivity().

void QCollator::setIgnorePunctuation(bool on)

If on is set to true, punctuation characters and symbols are ignored when determining sort order.

The default is locale dependent.

Note: This method is not currently supported if Qt is configured to not use ICU on Linux.

See also ignorePunctuation().

void QCollator::setLocale(const QLocale &locale)

Sets the locale of the collator to locale.

See also locale().

void QCollator::setNumericMode(bool on)

Enables numeric sorting mode when on is set to true.

This will enable proper sorting of numeric digits, so that e.g. 100 sorts after 99.

By default this mode is off.

Note: On Windows, this functionality makes use of the ICU library. If Qt was compiled without ICU support, it falls back to code using native Windows API, which only works from Windows 7 onwards. On older versions of Windows, it will not work and a warning will be emitted at runtime.

See also numericMode().

QCollatorSortKey QCollator::sortKey(const QString &string) const

Returns a sortKey for string.

Creating the sort key is usually somewhat slower, than using the compare() methods directly. But if the string is compared repeatedly (e.g. when sorting a whole list of strings), it's usually faster to create the sort keys for each string and then sort using the keys.

void QCollator::swap(QCollator &other)

Swaps this collator with other. This function is very fast and never fails.

QCollator &QCollator::operator=(const QCollator &other)

Assigns other to this collator.

QCollator &QCollator::operator=(QCollator &&other)

Move-assigns from other to this collator.

Note that a moved-from QCollator can only be destroyed or assigned to. The effect of calling other functions than the destructor or one of the assignment operators is undefined.

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