QDrag Class

The QDrag class provides support for MIME-based drag and drop data transfer. More...

Header: #include <QDrag>
qmake: QT += gui
Inherits: QObject

Public Functions

QDrag(QObject *dragSource)
~QDrag()
Qt::DropAction defaultAction() const
QPixmap dragCursor(Qt::DropAction action) const
Qt::DropAction exec(Qt::DropActions supportedActions = Qt::MoveAction)
Qt::DropAction exec(Qt::DropActions supportedActions, Qt::DropAction defaultDropAction)
QPoint hotSpot() const
QMimeData *mimeData() const
QPixmap pixmap() const
void setDragCursor(const QPixmap &cursor, Qt::DropAction action)
void setHotSpot(const QPoint &hotspot)
void setMimeData(QMimeData *data)
void setPixmap(const QPixmap &pixmap)
QObject *source() const
Qt::DropActions supportedActions() const
QObject *target() const
  • 31 public functions inherited from QObject

Signals

void actionChanged(Qt::DropAction action)
void targetChanged(QObject *newTarget)

Static Public Members

void cancel()
  • 11 static public members inherited from QObject

Additional Inherited Members

  • 1 property inherited from QObject
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject
  • 9 protected functions inherited from QObject

Detailed Description

The QDrag class provides support for MIME-based drag and drop data transfer.

Drag and drop is an intuitive way for users to copy or move data around in an application, and is used in many desktop environments as a mechanism for copying data between applications. Drag and drop support in Qt is centered around the QDrag class that handles most of the details of a drag and drop operation.

The data to be transferred by the drag and drop operation is contained in a QMimeData object. This is specified with the setMimeData() function in the following way:

        QDrag *drag = new QDrag(this);
        QMimeData *mimeData = new QMimeData;

        mimeData->setText(commentEdit->toPlainText());
        drag->setMimeData(mimeData);

Note that setMimeData() assigns ownership of the QMimeData object to the QDrag object. The QDrag must be constructed on the heap with a parent QObject to ensure that Qt can clean up after the drag and drop operation has been completed.

A pixmap can be used to represent the data while the drag is in progress, and will move with the cursor to the drop target. This pixmap typically shows an icon that represents the MIME type of the data being transferred, but any pixmap can be set with setPixmap(). The cursor's hot spot can be given a position relative to the top-left corner of the pixmap with the setHotSpot() function. The following code positions the pixmap so that the cursor's hot spot points to the center of its bottom edge:

    drag->setHotSpot(QPoint(drag->pixmap().width()/2,
                            drag->pixmap().height()));

Note: On X11, the pixmap may not be able to keep up with the mouse movements if the hot spot causes the pixmap to be displayed directly under the cursor.

The source and target widgets can be found with source() and target(). These functions are often used to determine whether drag and drop operations started and finished at the same widget, so that special behavior can be implemented.

QDrag only deals with the drag and drop operation itself. It is up to the developer to decide when a drag operation begins, and how a QDrag object should be constructed and used. For a given widget, it is often necessary to reimplement mousePressEvent() to determine whether the user has pressed a mouse button, and reimplement mouseMoveEvent() to check whether a QDrag is required.

See also Drag and Drop, QClipboard, QMimeData, QMacPasteboardMime, Draggable Icons Example, Draggable Text Example, Drop Site Example, and Fridge Magnets Example.

Member Function Documentation

QDrag::QDrag(QObject *dragSource)

Constructs a new drag object for the widget specified by dragSource.

QDrag::~QDrag()

Destroys the drag object.

[signal] void QDrag::actionChanged(Qt::DropAction action)

This signal is emitted when the action associated with the drag changes.

See also targetChanged().

[static] void QDrag::cancel()

Cancels a drag operation initiated by Qt.

Note: This is currently implemented on Windows and X11.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.6.

See also exec().

Qt::DropAction QDrag::defaultAction() const

Returns the default proposed drop action for this drag operation.

See also exec() and supportedActions().

QPixmap QDrag::dragCursor(Qt::DropAction action) const

Returns the drag cursor for the action.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.0.

See also setDragCursor().

Qt::DropAction QDrag::exec(Qt::DropActions supportedActions = Qt::MoveAction)

Starts the drag and drop operation and returns a value indicating the requested drop action when it is completed. The drop actions that the user can choose from are specified in supportedActions. The default proposed action will be selected among the allowed actions in the following order: Move, Copy and Link.

Note: On Linux and OS X, the drag and drop operation can take some time, but this function does not block the event loop. Other events are still delivered to the application while the operation is performed. On Windows, the Qt event loop is blocked during the operation.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also cancel().

Qt::DropAction QDrag::exec(Qt::DropActions supportedActions, Qt::DropAction defaultDropAction)

Starts the drag and drop operation and returns a value indicating the requested drop action when it is completed. The drop actions that the user can choose from are specified in supportedActions.

The defaultDropAction determines which action will be proposed when the user performs a drag without using modifier keys.

Note: On Linux and OS X, the drag and drop operation can take some time, but this function does not block the event loop. Other events are still delivered to the application while the operation is performed. On Windows, the Qt event loop is blocked during the operation. However, QDrag::exec() on Windows causes processEvents() to be called frequently to keep the GUI responsive. If any loops or operations are called while a drag operation is active, it will block the drag operation.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

QPoint QDrag::hotSpot() const

Returns the position of the hot spot relative to the top-left corner of the cursor.

See also setHotSpot().

QMimeData *QDrag::mimeData() const

Returns the MIME data that is encapsulated by the drag object.

See also setMimeData().

QPixmap QDrag::pixmap() const

Returns the pixmap used to represent the data in a drag and drop operation.

See also setPixmap().

void QDrag::setDragCursor(const QPixmap &cursor, Qt::DropAction action)

Sets the drag cursor for the action. This allows you to override the default native cursors. To revert to using the native cursor for action pass in a null QPixmap as cursor.

The action can only be CopyAction, MoveAction or LinkAction. All other values of DropAction are ignored.

See also dragCursor().

void QDrag::setHotSpot(const QPoint &hotspot)

Sets the position of the hot spot relative to the top-left corner of the pixmap used to the point specified by hotspot.

Note: on X11, the pixmap may not be able to keep up with the mouse movements if the hot spot causes the pixmap to be displayed directly under the cursor.

See also hotSpot().

void QDrag::setMimeData(QMimeData *data)

Sets the data to be sent to the given MIME data. Ownership of the data is transferred to the QDrag object.

See also mimeData().

void QDrag::setPixmap(const QPixmap &pixmap)

Sets pixmap as the pixmap used to represent the data in a drag and drop operation. You can only set a pixmap before the drag is started.

See also pixmap().

QObject *QDrag::source() const

Returns the source of the drag object. This is the widget where the drag and drop operation originated.

Qt::DropActions QDrag::supportedActions() const

Returns the set of possible drop actions for this drag operation.

See also exec() and defaultAction().

QObject *QDrag::target() const

Returns the target of the drag and drop operation. This is the widget where the drag object was dropped.

[signal] void QDrag::targetChanged(QObject *newTarget)

This signal is emitted when the target of the drag and drop operation changes, with newTarget the new target.

See also target() and actionChanged().

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