QMacNativeWidget Class

The QMacNativeWidget class provides a widget for OS X that provides a way to put Qt widgets into Cocoa hierarchies. More...

Header: #include <QMacNativeWidget>
qmake: QT += widgets
Since: Qt 4.5
Inherits: QWidget

Public Functions

QMacNativeWidget(NSView *parentView = Q_NULLPTR)
~QMacNativeWidget()
NSView *nativeView() const

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual QSize sizeHint() const
  • 211 public functions inherited from QWidget
  • 31 public functions inherited from QObject
  • 14 public functions inherited from QPaintDevice

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual bool event(QEvent *ev)
  • 35 protected functions inherited from QWidget
  • 9 protected functions inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected function inherited from QPaintDevice

Additional Inherited Members

  • 58 properties inherited from QWidget
  • 1 property inherited from QObject
  • 19 public slots inherited from QWidget
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject
  • 3 signals inherited from QWidget
  • 2 signals inherited from QObject
  • 5 static public members inherited from QWidget
  • 11 static public members inherited from QObject
  • 35 protected functions inherited from QWidget
  • 9 protected functions inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected function inherited from QPaintDevice
  • 1 protected slot inherited from QWidget

Detailed Description

The QMacNativeWidget class provides a widget for OS X that provides a way to put Qt widgets into Cocoa hierarchies.

On OS X, there is a difference between a window and view; normally expressed as widgets in Qt. Qt makes assumptions about its parent-child hierarchy that make it complex to put an arbitrary Qt widget into a hierarchy of "normal" views from Apple frameworks. QMacNativeWidget bridges the gap between views and windows and makes it possible to put a hierarchy of Qt widgets into a non-Qt window or view.

QMacNativeWidget pretends it is a window (i.e. isWindow() will return true), but it cannot be shown on its own. It needs to be put into a window when it is created or later through a native call.

QMacNativeWidget works for either Carbon or Cocoa depending on how Qt was configured. If Qt is using Carbon, QMacNativeWidget will embed into Carbon hierarchies. If Qt is using Cocoa, QMacNativeWidget embeds into Cocoa hierarchies.

Here is an example of putting a QPushButton into a NSWindow:

    NSAutoreleasePool *pool = [[NSAutoreleasePool alloc] init];
    NSWindow *window = [[NSWindow alloc] initWithContentRect:NSMakeRect(200, app.desktop()->height() - 200, 239, 200)
                        styleMask:NSTitledWindowMask | NSClosableWindowMask
                                  | NSMiniaturizableWindowMask | NSResizableWindowMask
                        backing:NSBackingStoreBuffered defer:NO];

    QMacNativeWidget *nativeWidget = new QMacNativeWidget();
    nativeWidget->move(0, 0);
    nativeWidget->setPalette(QPalette(Qt::red));
    nativeWidget->setAutoFillBackground(true);
    QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout();
    QPushButton *pushButton = new QPushButton("An Embedded Qt Button!", nativeWidget);
    pushButton->setAttribute(Qt::WA_LayoutUsesWidgetRect); // Don't use the layout rect calculated from QMacStyle.
    layout->addWidget(pushButton);
    nativeWidget->setLayout(layout);

    // Adjust Cocoa layouts
    NSView *nativeWidgetView = reinterpret_cast<NSView *>(nativeWidget->winId());
    NSView *contentView = [window contentView];
    [contentView setAutoresizesSubviews:YES];
    [nativeWidgetView setAutoresizingMask:NSViewWidthSizable | NSViewHeightSizable];
    [nativeWidgetView setAutoresizesSubviews:YES];
    NSView *pushButtonView = reinterpret_cast<NSView *>(pushButton->winId());
    [pushButtonView setAutoresizingMask:NSViewWidthSizable];

    // Add the nativeWidget to the window.
    [contentView addSubview:nativeWidgetView positioned:NSWindowAbove relativeTo:nil];
    nativeWidget->show();
    pushButton->show();

    // Show the window.
    [window makeKeyAndOrderFront:window];
    [pool release];

Note that QMacNativeWidget requires knowledge of Carbon or Cocoa. All it does is get the Qt hierarchy into a window not owned by Qt. It is then up to the programmer to ensure it is placed correctly in the window and responds correctly to events.

Member Function Documentation

QMacNativeWidget::QMacNativeWidget(NSView *parentView = Q_NULLPTR)

Create a QMacNativeWidget with parentView as its "superview" (i.e., parent). The parentView is a NSView pointer.

QMacNativeWidget::~QMacNativeWidget()

Destroy the QMacNativeWidget.

[virtual protected] bool QMacNativeWidget::event(QEvent *ev)

Reimplemented from QObject::event().

NSView *QMacNativeWidget::nativeView() const

Returns the native view backing the QMacNativeWidget.

[virtual] QSize QMacNativeWidget::sizeHint() const

Reimplemented from QWidget::sizeHint().

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