SoundEffect QML Type

The SoundEffect type provides a way to play sound effects in QML. More...

Import Statement: import QtMultimedia 5.6
Instantiates: QSoundEffect

Properties

Signals

Methods

Detailed Description

This type allows you to play uncompressed audio files (typically WAV files) in a generally lower latency way, and is suitable for "feedback" type sounds in response to user actions (e.g. virtual keyboard sounds, positive or negative feedback for popup dialogs, or game sounds). If low latency is not important, consider using the MediaPlayer or Audio types instead, since they support a wider variety of media formats and are less resource intensive.

Typically the sound effect should be reused, which allows all the parsing and preparation to be done ahead of time, and only triggered when necessary. This is easy to achieve with QML, since you can declare your SoundEffect instance and refer to it elsewhere.

The following example plays a WAV file on mouse click.

Text {
    text: "Click Me!";
    font.pointSize: 24;
    width: 150; height: 50;

    SoundEffect {
        id: playSound
        source: "soundeffect.wav"
    }
    MouseArea {
        id: playArea
        anchors.fill: parent
        onPressed: { playSound.play() }
    }
}

Since SoundEffect requires slightly more resources to achieve lower latency playback, the platform may limit the number of simultaneously playing sound effects.

Property Documentation

category : string

This property contains the category of this sound effect.

Some platforms can perform different audio routing for different categories, or may allow the user to set different volume levels for different categories.

This setting will be ignored on platforms that do not support audio categories.


loops : int

This property holds the number of times the sound is played. A value of 0 or 1 means the sound will be played only once; set to SoundEffect.Infinite to enable infinite looping.

The value can be changed while the sound effect is playing, in which case it will update the remaining loops to the new value.


loopsRemaining : int

This property contains the number of loops remaining before the sound effect stops by itself, or SoundEffect.Infinite if that's what has been set in loops.


muted : bool

This property provides a way to control muting. A value of true will mute this effect. Otherwise, playback will occur with the currently specified volume.


playing : bool

This property indicates whether the sound effect is playing or not.


source : url

This property holds the url for the sound to play. For the SoundEffect to attempt to load the source, the URL must exist and the application must have read permission in the specified directory. If the desired source is a local file the URL may be specified using either absolute or relative (to the file that declared the SoundEffect) pathing.


status : enumeration

This property indicates the current status of the SoundEffect as enumerated within SoundEffect. Possible statuses are listed below.

ValueDescription
SoundEffect.NullNo source has been set or the source is null.
SoundEffect.LoadingThe SoundEffect is trying to load the source.
SoundEffect.ReadyThe source is loaded and ready for play.
SoundEffect.ErrorAn error occurred during operation, such as failure of loading the source.

volume : qreal

This property holds the volume of the sound effect playback, from 0.0 (silent) to 1.0 (maximum volume).


Signal Documentation

categoryChanged()

The categoryChanged signal is emitted when the category property has changed.

The corresponding handler is onCategoryChanged.


loadedChanged()

The loadedChanged signal is emitted when the loading state has changed.

The corresponding handler is onLoadedChanged.


loopCountChanged()

The loopCountChanged signal is emitted when the initial number of loops has changed.

The corresponding handler is onLoopCountChanged.


loopsRemainingChanged()

The loopsRemainingChanged signal is emitted when the remaining number of loops has changed.

The corresponding handler is onLoopsRemainingChanged.


mutedChanged()

The mutedChanged signal is emitted when the mute state has changed.

The corresponding handler is onMutedChanged.


playingChanged()

The playingChanged signal is emitted when the playing property has changed.

The corresponding handler is onPlayingChanged.


sourceChanged()

The sourceChanged signal is emitted when the source has been changed.

The corresponding handler is onSourceChanged.


statusChanged()

The statusChanged signal is emitted when the status property has changed.

The corresponding handler is onStatusChanged.


volumeChanged()

The volumeChanged signal is emitted when the volume has changed.

The corresponding handler is onVolumeChanged.


Method Documentation

bool isLoaded()

Returns whether the sound effect has finished loading the source.


play()

Start playback of the sound effect, looping the effect for the number of times as specified in the loops property.

This is the default method for SoundEffect.

SoundEffect {
    id: playSound
    source: "soundeffect.wav"
}
MouseArea {
    id: playArea
    anchors.fill: parent
    onPressed: { playSound.play() }
}

stop()

Stop current playback.


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