Menu QML Type

Provides a menu component for use as a context menu, popup menu, or as part of a menu bar. More...

Import Statement: import QtQuick.Controls 1.4
Since: Qt 5.1

Properties

Signals

Methods

Detailed Description

Menu {
    title: "Edit"

    MenuItem {
        text: "Cut"
        shortcut: "Ctrl+X"
        onTriggered: ...
    }

    MenuItem {
        text: "Copy"
        shortcut: "Ctrl+C"
        onTriggered: ...
    }

    MenuItem {
        text: "Paste"
        shortcut: "Ctrl+V"
        onTriggered: ...
    }

    MenuSeparator { }

    Menu {
        title: "More Stuff"

        MenuItem {
            text: "Do Nothing"
        }
    }
}

The main uses for menus:

  • as a top-level menu in a MenuBar
  • as a submenu inside another menu
  • as a standalone or context menu

Note that some properties, such as enabled, text, or iconSource, only make sense in a particular use case of the menu.

See also MenuBar, MenuItem, and MenuSeparator.

Property Documentation

enabled : bool

Whether the menu is enabled, and responsive to user interaction as a submenu. Its value defaults to true.


iconName : string

Sets the icon name for the menu icon. This will pick the icon with the given name from the current theme. Only works as a submenu.

Its value defaults to an empty string.

See also iconSource.


iconSource : url

Sets the icon file or resource url for the menu icon as a submenu. Defaults to an empty URL.

See also iconName.


[default] items : list<Object>

The list of items in the menu.

Menu only accepts objects of type Menu, MenuItem, and MenuSeparator as children. It also supports Instantiator objects as long as the insertion is being done manually using insertItem().

Menu {
    id: recentFilesMenu

    Instantiator {
        model: recentFilesModel
        MenuItem {
            text: model.fileName
        }
        onObjectAdded: recentFilesMenu.insertItem(index, object)
        onObjectRemoved: recentFilesMenu.removeItem(object)
    }

    MenuSeparator {
        visible: recentFilesModel.count > 0
    }

    MenuItem {
        text: "Clear menu"
        enabled: recentFilesModel.count > 0
        onTriggered: recentFilesModel.clear()
    }
}

Note that in this case, the index parameter passed to insertItem() is relative to the position of the Instantiator in the menu, as opposed to absolute position in the menu.

See also MenuItem and MenuSeparator.


style : Component

The style Component for this control.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls.Styles 1.2.

See also MenuStyle.


title : string

Title for the menu as a submenu or in a menubar.

Mnemonics are supported by prefixing the shortcut letter with &. For instance, "\&File" will bind the Alt-F shortcut to the "File" menu. Note that not all platforms support mnemonics.

Its value defaults to an empty string.


type : enumeration

This property is read-only and constant, and its value is type.


visible : bool

Whether the menu should be visible as a submenu of another Menu, or as a menu on a MenuBar. Its value defaults to true.

Note: This has nothing to do with the actual menu pop-up window being visible. Use aboutToShow() and aboutToHide() if you need to know when the pop-up window will be shown or hidden.


Signal Documentation

aboutToHide()

This signal is emitted just before the menu is hidden from the user.

This QML signal was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 1.4.

See also aboutToShow().


aboutToShow()

This signal is emitted just before the menu is shown to the user.

This QML signal was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 1.4.

See also aboutToHide().


Method Documentation

MenuItem addItem(string text)

Adds an item to the menu. Returns the newly created MenuItem.

See also insertItem().


Menu addMenu(string title)

Adds a submenu to the menu. Returns the newly created Menu.

See also insertMenu().


void addSeparator()

Adds a separator to the menu.

See also insertSeparator().


void insertItem(int before, object item)

Inserts the item at the index before in the current menu. In this case, item can be either a MenuItem, a MenuSeparator, or a Menu.

See also removeItem().


MenuItem insertItem(int before, string title)

Creates and inserts an item with title title at the index before in the current menu. Returns the newly created MenuItem.

See also addItem().


MenuItem insertMenu(int before, string title)

Creates and inserts a submenu with title title at the index before in the current menu. Returns the newly created Menu.

See also addMenu().


void insertSeparator(int before)

Creates and inserts a separator at the index before in the current menu.

See also addSeparator().


Opens this menu under the mouse cursor. It can block on some platforms, so test it accordingly.


void removeItem(item)

Removes the item from the menu. In this case, item can be either a MenuItem, a MenuSeparator, or a Menu.

See also insertItem().


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