ComboBox QML Type

Combined button and popup list for selecting options. More...

Import Statement: import QtQuick.Controls 2.4
Since: Qt 5.7

Properties

Signals

Methods

Detailed Description

ComboBox is a combined button and popup list. It provides a means of presenting a list of options to the user in a way that takes up the minimum amount of screen space.

ComboBox is populated with a data model. The data model is commonly a JavaScript array, a ListModel or an integer, but other types of data models are also supported.

ComboBox {
    model: ["First", "Second", "Third"]
}

Editable ComboBox

ComboBox can be made editable. An editable combo box auto-completes its text based on what is available in the model.

The following example demonstrates appending content to an editable combo box by reacting to the accepted signal.

ComboBox {
    editable: true
    model: ListModel {
        id: model
        ListElement { text: "Banana" }
        ListElement { text: "Apple" }
        ListElement { text: "Coconut" }
    }
    onAccepted: {
        if (find(editText) === -1)
            model.append({text: editText})
    }
}

ComboBox Model Roles

ComboBox is able to visualize standard data models that provide the modelData role:

  • models that have only one role
  • models that do not have named roles (JavaScript array, integer)

When using models that have multiple named roles, ComboBox must be configured to use a specific text role for its display text and delegate instances.

ComboBox {
    textRole: "key"
    model: ListModel {
        ListElement { key: "First"; value: 123 }
        ListElement { key: "Second"; value: 456 }
        ListElement { key: "Third"; value: 789 }
    }
}

Note: If ComboBox is assigned a data model that has multiple named roles, but textRole is not defined, ComboBox is unable to visualize it and throws a ReferenceError: modelData is not defined.

See also Customizing ComboBox, Input Controls, and Focus Management in Qt Quick Controls 2.

Property Documentation

[read-only] acceptableInput : bool

This property holds whether the combo box contains acceptable text in the editable text field.

If a validator has been set, the value is true only if the current text is acceptable to the validator as a final string (not as an intermediate string).

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).

See also validator and accepted.


[read-only] count : int

This property holds the number of items in the combo box.


currentIndex : int

This property holds the index of the current item in the combo box.

The default value is -1 when count is 0, and 0 otherwise.

See also activated(), currentText, and highlightedIndex.


[read-only] currentText : string

This property holds the text of the current item in the combo box.

See also currentIndex, displayText, and textRole.


delegate : Component

This property holds a delegate that presents an item in the combo box popup.

It is recommended to use ItemDelegate (or any other AbstractButton derivatives) as the delegate. This ensures that the interaction works as expected, and the popup will automatically close when appropriate. When other types are used as the delegate, the popup must be closed manually. For example, if MouseArea is used:

delegate: Rectangle {
    // ...
    MouseArea {
        // ...
        onClicked: comboBox.popup.close()
    }
}

See also ItemDelegate and Customizing ComboBox.


displayText : string

This property holds the text that is displayed on the combo box button.

By default, the display text presents the current selection. That is, it follows the text of the current item. However, the default display text can be overridden with a custom value.

ComboBox {
    currentIndex: 1
    displayText: "Size: " + currentText
    model: ["S", "M", "L"]
}

See also currentText and textRole.


down : bool

This property holds whether the combo box button is visually down.

Unless explicitly set, this property is true when either pressed or popup.visible is true. To return to the default value, set this property to undefined.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).

See also pressed and popup.


editText : string

This property holds the text in the text field of an editable combo box.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).

See also editable.


editable : bool

This property holds whether the combo box is editable.

The default value is false.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).

See also validator.


flat : bool

This property holds whether the combo box button is flat.

A flat combo box button does not draw a background unless it is interacted with. In comparison to normal combo boxes, flat combo boxes provide looks that make them stand out less from the rest of the UI. For instance, when placing a combo box into a tool bar, it may be desirable to make the combo box flat so it matches better with the flat looks of tool buttons.

The default value is false.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.1 (Qt 5.8).


[read-only] highlightedIndex : int

This property holds the index of the highlighted item in the combo box popup list.

When a highlighted item is activated, the popup is closed, currentIndex is set to highlightedIndex, and the value of this property is reset to -1, as there is no longer a highlighted item.

See also highlighted() and currentIndex.


indicator : Item

This property holds the drop indicator item.

See also Customizing ComboBox.


[read-only] inputMethodComposing : bool

This property holds whether an editable combo box has partial text input from an input method.

While it is composing, an input method may rely on mouse or key events from the combo box to edit or commit the partial text. This property can be used to determine when to disable event handlers that may interfere with the correct operation of an input method.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).


inputMethodHints : flags

Provides hints to the input method about the expected content of the combo box and how it should operate.

The default value is Qt.ImhNoPredictiveText.

The value is a bit-wise combination of flags or Qt.ImhNone if no hints are set.

Flags that alter behavior are:

  • Qt.ImhHiddenText - Characters should be hidden, as is typically used when entering passwords.
  • Qt.ImhSensitiveData - Typed text should not be stored by the active input method in any persistent storage like predictive user dictionary.
  • Qt.ImhNoAutoUppercase - The input method should not try to automatically switch to upper case when a sentence ends.
  • Qt.ImhPreferNumbers - Numbers are preferred (but not required).
  • Qt.ImhPreferUppercase - Upper case letters are preferred (but not required).
  • Qt.ImhPreferLowercase - Lower case letters are preferred (but not required).
  • Qt.ImhNoPredictiveText - Do not use predictive text (i.e. dictionary lookup) while typing.
  • Qt.ImhDate - The text editor functions as a date field.
  • Qt.ImhTime - The text editor functions as a time field.

Flags that restrict input (exclusive flags) are:

  • Qt.ImhDigitsOnly - Only digits are allowed.
  • Qt.ImhFormattedNumbersOnly - Only number input is allowed. This includes decimal point and minus sign.
  • Qt.ImhUppercaseOnly - Only upper case letter input is allowed.
  • Qt.ImhLowercaseOnly - Only lower case letter input is allowed.
  • Qt.ImhDialableCharactersOnly - Only characters suitable for phone dialing are allowed.
  • Qt.ImhEmailCharactersOnly - Only characters suitable for email addresses are allowed.
  • Qt.ImhUrlCharactersOnly - Only characters suitable for URLs are allowed.

Masks:

  • Qt.ImhExclusiveInputMask - This mask yields nonzero if any of the exclusive flags are used.

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).


model : model

This property holds the model providing data for the combo box.

ComboBox {
    textRole: "key"
    model: ListModel {
        ListElement { key: "First"; value: 123 }
        ListElement { key: "Second"; value: 456 }
        ListElement { key: "Third"; value: 789 }
    }
}

See also textRole and Data Models.


This property holds the popup.

The popup can be opened or closed manually, if necessary:

onSpecialEvent: comboBox.popup.close()

See also Customizing ComboBox.


pressed : bool

This property holds whether the combo box button is physically pressed. A button can be pressed by either touch or key events.

See also down.


textRole : string

This property holds the model role used for populating the combo box.

When the model has multiple roles, textRole can be set to determine which role should be displayed.

See also model, currentText, displayText, and ComboBox Model Roles.


validator : Validator

This property holds an input text validator for an editable combo box.

When a validator is set, the text field will only accept input which leaves the text property in an intermediate state. The accepted signal will only be emitted if the text is in an acceptable state when the Return or Enter key is pressed.

The currently supported validators are IntValidator, DoubleValidator, and RegExpValidator. An example of using validators is shown below, which allows input of integers between 0 and 10 into the text field:

ComboBox {
    model: 10
    editable: true
    validator: IntValidator {
        top: 9
        bottom: 0
    }
}

This QML property was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).

See also acceptableInput, accepted, and editable.


Signal Documentation

void accepted()

This signal is emitted when the Return or Enter key is pressed on an editable combo box. If the confirmed string is not currently in the model, the currentIndex will be set to -1 and the currentText will be updated accordingly.

Note: If there is a validator set on the combo box, the signal will only be emitted if the input is in an acceptable state.

This QML signal was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).


void activated(int index)

This signal is emitted when the item at index is activated by the user.

An item is activated when it is selected while the popup is open, causing the popup to close (and currentIndex to change), or while the popup is closed and the combo box is navigated via keyboard, causing the currentIndex to change. The currentIndex property is set to index.

See also currentIndex.


void highlighted(int index)

This signal is emitted when the item at index in the popup list is highlighted by the user.

The highlighted signal is only emitted when the popup is open and an item is highlighted, but not necessarily activated.

See also highlightedIndex.


Method Documentation

void decrementCurrentIndex()

Decrements the current index of the combo box, or the highlighted index if the popup list is visible.

See also currentIndex and highlightedIndex.


int find(string text, flags = Qt.MatchExactly)

Returns the index of the specified text, or -1 if no match is found.

The way the search is performed is defined by the specified match flags. By default, combo box performs case sensitive exact matching (Qt.MatchExactly). All other match types are case-insensitive unless the Qt.MatchCaseSensitive flag is also specified.

ConstantDescription
Qt.MatchExactlyThe search term matches exactly (default).
Qt.MatchRegExpThe search term matches as a regular expression.
Qt.MatchWildcardThe search term matches using wildcards.
Qt.MatchFixedStringThe search term matches as a fixed string.
Qt.MatchStartsWithThe search term matches the start of the item.
Qt.MatchEndsWidthThe search term matches the end of the item.
Qt.MatchContainsThe search term is contained in the item.
Qt.MatchCaseSensitiveThe search is case sensitive.

See also textRole.


void incrementCurrentIndex()

Increments the current index of the combo box, or the highlighted index if the popup list is visible.

See also currentIndex and highlightedIndex.


void selectAll()

Selects all the text in the editable text field of the combo box.

This QML method was introduced in QtQuick.Controls 2.2 (Qt 5.9).

See also editText.


string textAt(int index)

Returns the text for the specified index, or an empty string if the index is out of bounds.

See also textRole.


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