QML Tutorial 1 - Basic Types

This first program is a very simple "Hello world" example that introduces some basic QML concepts. The picture below is a screenshot of this program.

Here is the QML code for the application:

import QtQuick 2.0

Rectangle {
    id: page
    width: 320; height: 480
    color: "lightgray"

    Text {
        id: helloText
        text: "Hello world!"
        y: 30
        anchors.horizontalCenter: page.horizontalCenter
        font.pointSize: 24; font.bold: true
    }
}

Walkthrough

Import

First, we need to import the types that we need for this example. Most QML files will import the built-in QML types (like Rectangle, Image, ...) that come with Qt, using:

import QtQuick 2.0

Rectangle Type

Rectangle {
    id: page
    width: 320; height: 480
    color: "lightgray"

We declare a root object of type Rectangle. It is one of the basic building blocks you can use to create an application in QML. We give it an id to be able to refer to it later. In this case, we call it "page". We also set the width, height and color properties. The Rectangle type contains many other properties (such as x and y), but these are left at their default values.

Text Type

    Text {
        id: helloText
        text: "Hello world!"
        y: 30
        anchors.horizontalCenter: page.horizontalCenter
        font.pointSize: 24; font.bold: true
    }

We add a Text type as a child of the root Rectangle type that displays the text 'Hello world!'.

The y property is used to position the text vertically at 30 pixels from the top of its parent.

The anchors.horizontalCenter property refers to the horizontal center of an type. In this case, we specify that our text type should be horizontally centered in the page element (see Anchor-Based Layout).

The font.pointSize and font.bold properties are related to fonts and use the dot notation.

Viewing the example

To view what you have created, run the qmlscene tool (located in the bin directory) with your filename as the first argument. For example, to run the provided completed Tutorial 1 example from the install location, you would type:

qmlscene tutorials/helloworld/tutorial1.qml

© 2016 The Qt Company Ltd. Documentation contributions included herein are the copyrights of their respective owners. The documentation provided herein is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License version 1.3 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Qt and respective logos are trademarks of The Qt Company Ltd. in Finland and/or other countries worldwide. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.