QQuickImageProvider Class

The QQuickImageProvider class provides an interface for supporting pixmaps and threaded image requests in QML. More...

Header: #include <QQuickImageProvider>
qmake: QT += quick
Since: Qt 5.0
Inherits: QQmlImageProviderBase
Inherited By:

QQuickAsyncImageProvider

Public Functions

QQuickImageProvider(ImageType type, Flags flags = Flags())
virtual ~QQuickImageProvider()
virtual QImage requestImage(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)
virtual QPixmap requestPixmap(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)
virtual QQuickTextureFactory *requestTexture(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual Flags flags() const override
virtual ImageType imageType() const override

Detailed Description

The QQuickImageProvider class provides an interface for supporting pixmaps and threaded image requests in QML.

QQuickImageProvider is used to provide advanced image loading features in QML applications. It allows images in QML to be:

  • Loaded using QPixmaps rather than actual image files
  • Loaded asynchronously in a separate thread

To specify that an image should be loaded by an image provider, use the "image:" scheme for the URL source of the image, followed by the identifiers of the image provider and the requested image. For example:

Image { source: "image://myimageprovider/image.png" }

This specifies that the image should be loaded by the image provider named "myimageprovider", and the image to be loaded is named "image.png". The QML engine invokes the appropriate image provider according to the providers that have been registered through QQmlEngine::addImageProvider().

Note that the identifiers are case-insensitive, but the rest of the URL will be passed on with preserved case. For example, the below snippet would still specify that the image is loaded by the image provider named "myimageprovider", but it would request a different image than the above snippet ("Image.png" instead of "image.png").

Image { source: "image://MyImageProvider/Image.png" }

If you want the rest of the URL to be case insensitive, you will have to take care of that yourself inside your image provider.

An example

Here are two images. Their source values indicate they should be loaded by an image provider named "colors", and the images to be loaded are "yellow" and "red", respectively:

Column {
    Image { source: "image://colors/yellow" }
    Image { source: "image://colors/red" }
}

When these images are loaded by QML, it looks for a matching image provider and calls its requestImage() or requestPixmap() method (depending on its imageType()) to load the image. The method is called with the id parameter set to "yellow" for the first image, and "red" for the second.

Here is an image provider implementation that can load the images requested by the above QML. This implementation dynamically generates QPixmap images that are filled with the requested color:

class ColorImageProvider : public QQuickImageProvider
{
public:
    ColorImageProvider()
        : QQuickImageProvider(QQuickImageProvider::Pixmap)
    {
    }

    QPixmap requestPixmap(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)
    {
        int width = 100;
        int height = 50;

        if (size)
            *size = QSize(width, height);
        QPixmap pixmap(requestedSize.width() > 0 ? requestedSize.width() : width,
                       requestedSize.height() > 0 ? requestedSize.height() : height);
        pixmap.fill(QColor(id).rgba());

        return pixmap;
    }
};

To make this provider accessible to QML, it is registered with the QML engine with a "colors" identifier:

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    ...

    QQuickView view;
    QQmlEngine *engine = view.engine();
    engine->addImageProvider(QLatin1String("colors"), new ColorPixmapProvider);

    ...
}

Now the images can be successfully loaded in QML:

See the Image Provider Example for the complete implementation. Note that the example registers the provider via a plugin instead of registering it in the application main() function as shown above.

Asynchronous image loading

Image providers that support QImage or Texture loading automatically include support for asychronous loading of images. To enable asynchronous loading for an image source, set the asynchronous property to true for the relevant Image, BorderImage or AnimatedImage object. When this is enabled, the image request to the provider is run in a low priority thread, allowing image loading to be executed in the background, and reducing the performance impact on the user interface.

To force asynchronous image loading, even for image sources that do not have the asynchronous property set to true, you may pass the QQmlImageProviderBase::ForceAsynchronousImageLoading flag to the image provider constructor. This ensures that all image requests for the provider are handled in a separate thread.

Asynchronous loading for image providers that provide QPixmap is only supported in platforms that have the ThreadedPixmaps feature, in platforms where pixmaps can only be created in the main thread (i.e. ThreadedPixmaps is not supported) if asynchronous is set to true, the value is ignored and the image is loaded synchronously.

Asynchronous image loading for providers of type other than ImageResponse are executed on a single thread per engine basis. That means that a slow image provider will block the loading of any other request. To avoid that we suggest using QQuickAsyncImageProvider and implement threading on the provider side via a QThreadPool or similar. See the Image Response Provider Example for a complete implementation.

Image caching

Images returned by a QQuickImageProvider are automatically cached, similar to any image loaded by the QML engine. When an image with a "image://" prefix is loaded from cache, requestImage() and requestPixmap() will not be called for the relevant image provider. If an image should always be fetched from the image provider, and should not be cached at all, set the cache property to false for the relevant Image, BorderImage or AnimatedImage object.

The Qt Quick 1 version of this class is named QDeclarativeImageProvider.

See also QQmlEngine::addImageProvider().

Member Function Documentation

QQuickImageProvider::QQuickImageProvider(ImageType type, Flags flags = Flags())

Creates an image provider that will provide images of the given type and behave according to the given flags.

[virtual] QQuickImageProvider::~QQuickImageProvider()

Destroys the QQuickImageProvider

Note: The destructor of your derived class need to be thread safe.

[override virtual] Flags QQuickImageProvider::flags() const

Reimplemented from QQmlImageProviderBase::flags().

Returns the flags set for this provider.

[override virtual] ImageType QQuickImageProvider::imageType() const

Reimplemented from QQmlImageProviderBase::imageType().

Returns the image type supported by this provider.

[virtual] QImage QQuickImageProvider::requestImage(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)

Implement this method to return the image with id. The default implementation returns an empty image.

The id is the requested image source, with the "image:" scheme and provider identifier removed. For example, if the image source was "image://myprovider/icons/home", the given id would be "icons/home".

The requestedSize corresponds to the Image::sourceSize requested by an Image item. If requestedSize is a valid size, the image returned should be of that size.

In all cases, size must be set to the original size of the image. This is used to set the width and height of the relevant Image if these values have not been set explicitly.

Note: this method may be called by multiple threads, so ensure the implementation of this method is reentrant.

[virtual] QPixmap QQuickImageProvider::requestPixmap(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)

Implement this method to return the pixmap with id. The default implementation returns an empty pixmap.

The id is the requested image source, with the "image:" scheme and provider identifier removed. For example, if the image source was "image://myprovider/icons/home", the given id would be "icons/home".

The requestedSize corresponds to the Image::sourceSize requested by an Image item. If requestedSize is a valid size, the image returned should be of that size.

In all cases, size must be set to the original size of the image. This is used to set the width and height of the relevant Image if these values have not been set explicitly.

Note: this method may be called by multiple threads, so ensure the implementation of this method is reentrant.

[virtual] QQuickTextureFactory *QQuickImageProvider::requestTexture(const QString &id, QSize *size, const QSize &requestedSize)

Implement this method to return the texture with id. The default implementation returns 0.

The id is the requested image source, with the "image:" scheme and provider identifier removed. For example, if the image source was "image://myprovider/icons/home", the given id would be "icons/home".

The requestedSize corresponds to the Image::sourceSize requested by an Image item. If requestedSize is a valid size, the image returned should be of that size.

In all cases, size must be set to the original size of the image. This is used to set the width and height of the relevant Image if these values have not been set explicitly.

Note: this method may be called by multiple threads, so ensure the implementation of this method is reentrant.

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