Qt Sensors C++ Overview

Sensor Types

On a device there can be many types of sensors. Not all of the types that the Qt Sensors API supports may be available. There may also be types available that are not defined in the Qt Sensors API. The types of sensors available on a device is found using the QSensor::sensorTypes() function.

For a list of built-in sensor types, see the Sensor Classes section below.

Common Conventions

Unless specified otherwise, Qt Sensors uses the Right Hand Cartesian coordinate system.

To allow for measurements in all 6 directions, negative values are used.

Where rotation around an axis is used, the rotation shall be expressed as a Right Hand rotation.

In general, sensor data is oriented relative to QPlatformScreen::nativeOrientation, that is to the top of the device when the device is held in its natural orientation (normally when the device logo appears the right side up). If values are to be displayed on the screen, the values may need to be transformed so that they match the user interface orientation. A sensor may define its data as being oriented to the UI. This will be noted in the documentation for the sensor.

Using a Sensor

The life cycle of a QSensor is typically:

  • Create an instance of QSensor or one of its sub-classes on the stack or heap.
  • Setup as required by the application.
  • Start receiving values.
  • Sensor data is used by the application.
  • Stop receiving values.

Here is an example of creating a sensor on the heap and on the stack.

// On the heap (deleted when this object is deleted)
QAccelerometer *sensor = new QAccelerometer(this);

// On the stack (deleted when the current scope ends)
QOrientationSensor orient_sensor;

Accessing Sensor Data in a Generic Fashion

The preferred way to deal with sensor data is via the Reading Classes. However, sometimes this may not be possible. For example, you may be deploying an application to a device that has a new sensor type but no C++ header describing the reading class is available.

Thanks to Qt's property system you can still access the sensor data. You need to know 3 pieces of information in order to do this:

  • The sensor type.
  • The property name or index.
  • The property type or a comparable type.

For example, here is an example of how you can access a property of the accelerometer. This code does not require any compile-time links to QAccelerometer or QAccelerometerReading.

// start the sensor
QSensor sensor("QAccelerometer");
sensor.start();

// later
QSensorReading *reading = sensor.reading();
qreal x = reading->property("x").value<qreal>();
qreal y = reading->value(1).value<qreal>();

You can discover all of this information at runtime too. The sensor_explorer example shows you information about available sensors.

Front End, Back End

The Qt Sensors API has a front end, for application developers to use and a back end, where device implementors write code to access their hardware. As an application developer you do not need to access the back end though it may be useful to understand how it works.

Commands from the application are delivered through QSensor and then down to the device plugin. Data comes back through the QSensorReading class.

More information about the back end can be found in Qt Sensors Backend.

Main Classes

The primary classes that make up the Qt Sensors API.

QSensor

Represents a single hardware sensor

QSensorFilter

Efficient callback facility for asynchronous notifications of sensor changes

QSensorReading

Holds the readings from the sensor

Reading Classes

The best way to access sensor data is via one of these classes.

QAccelerometerReading

Reports on linear acceleration along the X, Y and Z axes

QAltimeterReading

Holds readings from the altimeter sensor

QAmbientLightReading

Represents one reading from the ambient light sensor

QAmbientTemperatureReading

Holds readings of the ambient temperature

QCompassReading

Represents one reading from a compass

QDistanceReading

Holds distance reading in cm from the proximity sensor

QGyroscopeReading

Represents one reading from the gyroscope sensor

QHolsterReading

Holds readings from the holster sensor

QHumidityReading

Holds readings from the humidity sensor

QIRProximityReading

Holds readings from the IR proximity sensor

QLidReading

Holds readings from the Lid sensor

QLightReading

Represents one reading from the light sensor

QMagnetometerReading

Represents one reading from the magnetometer

QOrientationReading

Represents one reading from the orientation sensor

QPressureReading

Holds readings from the pressure sensor

QProximityReading

Represents one reading from the proximity sensor

QRotationReading

Represents one reading from the rotation sensor

QTapReading

Represents one reading from the tap sensor

QTiltReading

Holds readings from the tilt sensor

Sensor Classes

These classes provide convenience wrappers that reduce the need for casting. Each of these classes represents a sensor type that the Qt Sensors API knows about. Note that additional types may be made available at run-time. See Sensor Types for more information.

QAccelerometer

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QAltimeter

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QAmbientLightSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QAmbientTemperatureSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QCompass

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QDistanceSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QGyroscope

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QHolsterSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QHumiditySensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QIRProximitySensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QLidSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QLightSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QMagnetometer

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QOrientationSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QPressureSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QProximitySensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QRotationSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QTapSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

QTiltSensor

Convenience wrapper around QSensor

Filter Classes

As with the sensor classes, these provide convenience wrappers that reduce the need for casting.

QAccelerometerFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QAltimeterFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QAmbientLightFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QAmbientTemperatureFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QCompassFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QDistanceFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QGyroscopeFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QHolsterFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QHumidityFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QIRProximityFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QLidFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QLightFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QMagnetometerFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QOrientationFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QPressureFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QProximityFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QRotationFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QTapFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

QTiltFilter

Convenience wrapper around QSensorFilter

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