QAbstractTableModel Class

The QAbstractTableModel class provides an abstract model that can be subclassed to create table models. More...

Header: #include <QAbstractTableModel>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 REQUIRED COMPONENTS Core)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::Core)
qmake: QT += core
Inherits: QAbstractItemModel
Inherited By:


Public Functions

QAbstractTableModel(QObject *parent = nullptr)
virtual ~QAbstractTableModel()

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual bool dropMimeData(const QMimeData *data, Qt::DropAction action, int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent) override
virtual Qt::ItemFlags flags(const QModelIndex &index) const override
virtual QModelIndex index(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const override
virtual QModelIndex sibling(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &idx) const override

Detailed Description

QAbstractTableModel provides a standard interface for models that represent their data as a two-dimensional array of items. It is not used directly, but must be subclassed.

Since the model provides a more specialized interface than QAbstractItemModel, it is not suitable for use with tree views, although it can be used to provide data to a QListView. If you need to represent a simple list of items, and only need a model to contain a single column of data, subclassing the QAbstractListModel may be more appropriate.

The rowCount() and columnCount() functions return the dimensions of the table. To retrieve a model index corresponding to an item in the model, use index() and provide only the row and column numbers.


When subclassing QAbstractTableModel, you must implement rowCount(), columnCount(), and data(). Default implementations of the index() and parent() functions are provided by QAbstractTableModel. Well behaved models will also implement headerData().

Editable models need to implement setData(), and implement flags() to return a value containing Qt::ItemIsEditable.

Models that provide interfaces to resizable data structures can provide implementations of insertRows(), removeRows(), insertColumns(), and removeColumns(). When implementing these functions, it is important to call the appropriate functions so that all connected views are aware of any changes:

Note: Some general guidelines for subclassing models are available in the Model Subclassing Reference.

Thread safety

Being a subclass of QObject, QAbstractTableModel is not thread-safe. Any QAbstractTableModel model-related API should only be called from the thread the model object lives in. If the QAbstractTableModel is connected with a view, that means the GUI thread, as that is where the view lives, and it will call into the model from the GUI thread. Using a background thread to populate or modify the contents of a model is possible, but requires care, as the background thread cannot call any model-related API directly. Instead, you should queue the updates and apply them in the main thread. This can be done with queued connections.

See also Model Classes, QAbstractItemModel, and QAbstractListModel.

Member Function Documentation

[explicit] QAbstractTableModel::QAbstractTableModel(QObject *parent = nullptr)

Constructs an abstract table model for the given parent.

[virtual noexcept] QAbstractTableModel::~QAbstractTableModel()

Destroys the abstract table model.

[override virtual] bool QAbstractTableModel::dropMimeData(const QMimeData *data, Qt::DropAction action, int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent)

Reimplements: QAbstractItemModel::dropMimeData(const QMimeData *data, Qt::DropAction action, int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent).

[override virtual] Qt::ItemFlags QAbstractTableModel::flags(const QModelIndex &index) const

Reimplements: QAbstractItemModel::flags(const QModelIndex &index) const.

[override virtual] QModelIndex QAbstractTableModel::index(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const

Reimplements: QAbstractItemModel::index(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &parent) const.

Returns the index of the data in row and column with parent.

See also parent().

[override virtual] QModelIndex QAbstractTableModel::sibling(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &idx) const

Reimplements: QAbstractItemModel::sibling(int row, int column, const QModelIndex &index) const.

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