QFileOpenEvent Class

The QFileOpenEvent class provides an event that will be sent when there is a request to open a file or a URL. More...

Header: #include <QFileOpenEvent>
qmake: QT += gui
Inherits: QEvent

Public Functions

QString file() const
bool openFile(QFile &file, QIODevice::OpenMode flags) const
QUrl url() const

Detailed Description

File open events will be sent to the QApplication::instance() when the operating system requests that a file or URL should be opened. This is a high-level event that can be caused by different user actions depending on the user's desktop environment; for example, double clicking on an file icon in the Finder on macOS.

This event is only used to notify the application of a request. It may be safely ignored.

Note: This class is currently supported for macOS only.

macOS Example

In order to trigger the event on macOS, the application must be configured to let the OS know what kind of file(s) it should react on.

For example, the following Info.plist file declares that the application can act as a viewer for files with a PNG extension:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">

The following implementation of a QApplication subclass prints the path to the file that was, for example, dropped on the Dock icon of the application.

#include <QApplication>
#include <QFileOpenEvent>
#include <QtDebug>

class MyApplication : public QApplication
    MyApplication(int &argc, char **argv)
        : QApplication(argc, argv)

    bool event(QEvent *event) override
        if (event->type() == QEvent::FileOpen) {
            QFileOpenEvent *openEvent = static_cast<QFileOpenEvent *>(event);
            qDebug() << "Open file" << openEvent->file();

        return QApplication::event(event);

Member Function Documentation

QString QFileOpenEvent::file() const

Returns the file that is being opened.

bool QFileOpenEvent::openFile(QFile &file, QIODevice::OpenMode flags) const

Opens a QFile on the file referenced by this event in the mode specified by flags. Returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

This is necessary as some files cannot be opened by name, but require specific information stored in this event.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.8.

QUrl QFileOpenEvent::url() const

Returns the url that is being opened.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

© 2024 The Qt Company Ltd. Documentation contributions included herein are the copyrights of their respective owners. The documentation provided herein is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License version 1.3 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Qt and respective logos are trademarks of The Qt Company Ltd. in Finland and/or other countries worldwide. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.