const_iterator Class

class QHash::const_iterator

The QHash::const_iterator class provides an STL-style const iterator for QHash and QMultiHash. More...

Public Functions

const_iterator(const iterator &other)
const Key &key() const
const T &value() const
bool operator!=(const const_iterator &other) const
const T &operator*() const
const_iterator &operator++()
const_iterator operator++(int)
const T *operator->() const
bool operator==(const const_iterator &other) const

Detailed Description

QHash features both STL-style iterators and Java-style iterators. The STL-style iterators are more low-level and more cumbersome to use; on the other hand, they are slightly faster and, for developers who already know STL, have the advantage of familiarity.

QHash<Key, T>::const_iterator allows you to iterate over a QHash (or a QMultiHash). If you want to modify the QHash as you iterate over it, you must use QHash::iterator instead. It is generally good practice to use QHash::const_iterator on a non-const QHash as well, unless you need to change the QHash through the iterator. Const iterators are slightly faster, and can improve code readability.

The default QHash::const_iterator constructor creates an uninitialized iterator. You must initialize it using a QHash function like QHash::constBegin(), QHash::constEnd(), or QHash::find() before you can start iterating. Here's a typical loop that prints all the (key, value) pairs stored in a hash:

QHash<QString, int> hash;
hash.insert("January", 1);
hash.insert("February", 2);
hash.insert("December", 12);

QHash<QString, int>::const_iterator i;
for (i = hash.constBegin(); i != hash.constEnd(); ++i)
    cout << i.key() << ": " << i.value() << Qt::endl;

Unlike QMap, which orders its items by key, QHash stores its items in an arbitrary order. The only guarantee is that items that share the same key (because they were inserted using a QMultiHash) will appear consecutively, from the most recently to the least recently inserted value.

Multiple iterators can be used on the same hash. However, be aware that any modification performed directly on the QHash has the potential of dramatically changing the order in which the items are stored in the hash, as they might cause QHash to rehash its internal data structure. If you need to keep iterators over a long period of time, we recommend that you use QMap rather than QHash.

Warning: Iterators on implicitly shared containers do not work exactly like STL-iterators. You should avoid copying a container while iterators are active on that container. For more information, read Implicit sharing iterator problem.

See also QHash::iterator and QHashIterator.

Member Function Documentation

const_iterator::const_iterator(const iterator &other)

Constructs a copy of other.


Constructs an uninitialized iterator.

Functions like key(), value(), and operator++() must not be called on an uninitialized iterator. Use operator=() to assign a value to it before using it.

See also QHash::constBegin() and QHash::constEnd().

const Key &const_iterator::key() const

Returns the current item's key.

See also value().

const T &const_iterator::value() const

Returns the current item's value.

See also key() and operator*().

bool const_iterator::operator!=(const const_iterator &other) const

Returns true if other points to a different item than this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator==().

const T &const_iterator::operator*() const

Returns the current item's value.

Same as value().

See also key().

const_iterator &const_iterator::operator++()

The prefix ++ operator (++i) advances the iterator to the next item in the hash and returns an iterator to the new current item.

Calling this function on QHash::end() leads to undefined results.

See also operator--().

const_iterator const_iterator::operator++(int)

This is an overloaded function.

The postfix ++ operator (i++) advances the iterator to the next item in the hash and returns an iterator to the previously current item.

const T *const_iterator::operator->() const

Returns a pointer to the current item's value.

See also value().

bool const_iterator::operator==(const const_iterator &other) const

Returns true if other points to the same item as this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator!=().

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