QRemoteObjectNode Class

A node on a Qt Remote Objects network. More...

Header: #include <QRemoteObjectNode>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 COMPONENTS RemoteObjects REQUIRED)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::RemoteObjects)
qmake: QT += remoteobjects
Instantiated By: Node
Inherits: QObject
Inherited By:


Public Types

enum ErrorCode { NoError, RegistryNotAcquired, RegistryAlreadyHosted, NodeIsNoServer, ServerAlreadyCreated, …, ListenFailed }


Public Functions

QRemoteObjectNode(const QUrl &registryAddress, QObject *parent = nullptr)
QRemoteObjectNode(QObject *parent = nullptr)
ObjectType *acquire(const QString &name = QString())
QRemoteObjectDynamicReplica *acquireDynamic(const QString &name)
QAbstractItemModelReplica *acquireModel(const QString &name, QtRemoteObjects::InitialAction action = QtRemoteObjects::FetchRootSize, const QList<int> &rolesHint = {})
void addClientSideConnection(QIODevice *ioDevice)
bool connectToNode(const QUrl &address)
int heartbeatInterval() const
QStringList instances() const
QStringList instances(QStringView typeName) const
QRemoteObjectNode::ErrorCode lastError() const
QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore *persistedStore() const
void registerExternalSchema(const QString &schema, QRemoteObjectNode::RemoteObjectSchemaHandler handler)
const QRemoteObjectRegistry *registry() const
QUrl registryUrl() const
void setHeartbeatInterval(int interval)
virtual void setName(const QString &name)
void setPersistedStore(QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore *persistedStore)
virtual bool setRegistryUrl(const QUrl &registryAddress)
bool waitForRegistry(int timeout = 30000)


void heartbeatIntervalChanged(int heartbeatInterval)
void remoteObjectAdded(const QRemoteObjectSourceLocation &loc)
void remoteObjectRemoved(const QRemoteObjectSourceLocation &loc)

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual void timerEvent(QTimerEvent *) override

Detailed Description

The QRemoteObjectNode class provides an entry point to a QtRemoteObjects network. A network can be as simple as two nodes, or an arbitrarily complex set of processes and devices.

A QRemoteObjectNode does not have a url that other nodes can connect to, and thus is able to acquire replicas only. It is not able to share source objects (only QRemoteObjectHost and QRemoteObjectRegistryHost Nodes can share).

Nodes may connect to each other directly using connectToNode, or they can use the QRemoteObjectRegistry to simplify connections.

The QRemoteObjectRegistry is a special replica available to every node that connects to the Registry Url. It knows how to connect to every QRemoteObjectSource object on the network.

See also QRemoteObjectHost and QRemoteObjectRegistryHost.

Member Type Documentation

enum QRemoteObjectNode::ErrorCode

This enum type specifies the various error codes associated with QRemoteObjectNode errors:

QRemoteObjectNode::NoError0No error.
QRemoteObjectNode::RegistryNotAcquired1The registry could not be acquired.
QRemoteObjectNode::RegistryAlreadyHosted2The registry is already defined and hosting Sources.
QRemoteObjectNode::NodeIsNoServer3The given QRemoteObjectNode is not a host node.
QRemoteObjectNode::ServerAlreadyCreated4The host node has already been initialized.
QRemoteObjectNode::UnintendedRegistryHosting5An attempt was made to create a host QRemoteObjectNode and connect to itself as the registry.
QRemoteObjectNode::OperationNotValidOnClientNode6The attempted operation is not valid on a client QRemoteObjectNode.
QRemoteObjectNode::SourceNotRegistered7The given QRemoteObjectSource is not registered on this node.
QRemoteObjectNode::MissingObjectName8The given QObject does not have objectName() set.
QRemoteObjectNode::HostUrlInvalid9The given url has an invalid or unrecognized scheme.
QRemoteObjectNode::ProtocolMismatch10The client and the server have different protocol versions.
QRemoteObjectNode::ListenFailed11Can't listen on the specified host port.

[since 5.12] QRemoteObjectNode::RemoteObjectSchemaHandler

Typedef for a std::function method that can take a QUrl input and is responsible for creating the communications channel between this node and the node hosting the desired Source. As some types of QIODevices (e.g., QSslSocket) require additional steps before the device is ready for use, the method is responsible for calling addClientSideConnection once the connection is fully established.

This typedef was introduced in Qt 5.12.

Property Documentation

heartbeatInterval : int

Heartbeat interval in ms.

The heartbeat (only helpful for socket connections) will periodically send a message to connected nodes to detect whether the connection was disrupted. Qt Remote Objects will try to reconnect automatically if it detects a dropped connection. This function can help with that detection since the client will only detect that the server is unavailable when it tries to send data.

A value of 0 (the default) will disable the heartbeat.

Access functions:

int heartbeatInterval() const
void setHeartbeatInterval(int interval)

Notifier signal:

void heartbeatIntervalChanged(int heartbeatInterval)

[since 5.11] persistedStore : QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore*

Allows setting a QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore instance for the node.

Allows replica PROP members with the PERSISTED trait to save their current value when the replica is deleted and restore a stored value the next time the replica is started.

Requires a QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore class implementation to control where and how persistence is handled.

This property was introduced in Qt 5.11.

Access functions:

QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore *persistedStore() const
void setPersistedStore(QRemoteObjectAbstractPersistedStore *persistedStore)

registryUrl : QUrl

This property holds the address of the Registry used by this node.

This is an empty QUrl if there is no registry in use.

Access functions:

QUrl registryUrl() const
virtual bool setRegistryUrl(const QUrl &registryAddress)

Member Function Documentation

QRemoteObjectNode::QRemoteObjectNode(const QUrl &registryAddress, QObject *parent = nullptr)

QRemoteObjectNode connected to a {QRemoteObjectRegistry} {Registry}. A Node constructed in this manner can not be connected to, and thus can not expose Source objects on the network. Finding and connecting to other (Host) Nodes is handled by the QRemoteObjectRegistry specified by registryAddress.

See also connectToNode, setRegistryUrl, QRemoteObjectHost, and QRemoteObjectRegistryHost.

QRemoteObjectNode::QRemoteObjectNode(QObject *parent = nullptr)

Default constructor for QRemoteObjectNode with the given parent. A Node constructed in this manner can not be connected to, and thus can not expose Source objects on the network. It also will not include a QRemoteObjectRegistry, unless set manually using setRegistryUrl.

See also connectToNode and setRegistryUrl.

[signal] void QRemoteObjectNode::remoteObjectAdded(const QRemoteObjectSourceLocation &loc)

This signal is emitted whenever a new Source object is added to the Registry. The signal will not be emitted if there is no Registry set (i.e., Sources over connections made via connectToNode directly). The loc parameter contains the information about the added Source, including name, type and the QUrl of the hosting Node.

See also remoteObjectRemoved() and instances().

[signal] void QRemoteObjectNode::remoteObjectRemoved(const QRemoteObjectSourceLocation &loc)

This signal is emitted whenever a known Source object is removed from the Registry. The signal will not be emitted if there is no Registry set (i.e., Sources over connections made via connectToNode directly). The loc parameter contains the information about the removed Source, including name, type and the QUrl of the hosting Node.

See also remoteObjectAdded and instances.

template <typename ObjectType> ObjectType *QRemoteObjectNode::acquire(const QString &name = QString())

Returns a pointer to a Replica of type ObjectType (which is a template parameter and must inherit from QRemoteObjectReplica). That is, the template parameter must be a repc generated type. The name parameter can be used to specify the name given to the object during the QRemoteObjectHost::enableRemoting() call.

QRemoteObjectDynamicReplica *QRemoteObjectNode::acquireDynamic(const QString &name)

Returns a QRemoteObjectDynamicReplica of the Source name.

QAbstractItemModelReplica *QRemoteObjectNode::acquireModel(const QString &name, QtRemoteObjects::InitialAction action = QtRemoteObjects::FetchRootSize, const QList<int> &rolesHint = {})

Returns a pointer to a Replica which is specifically derived from QAbstractItemModel. The name provided must match the name used with the matching enableRemoting that put the Model on the network. action specifies whether the model should fetch data before the initialized signal is emitted. If it's set to QtRemoteObjects::PrefetchData, then the data for roles in the rolesHint will be prefetched. If rolesHint is empty, then the data for all the roles exposed by Source will be prefetched.

The returned model will be empty until it is initialized with the Source.

[since 5.12] void QRemoteObjectNode::addClientSideConnection(QIODevice *ioDevice)

In order to QRemoteObjectNode::acquire() Replica objects over External QIODevices, Qt Remote Objects needs access to the communications channel (a QIODevice) between the respective nodes. It is the addClientSideConnection() call that enables this, taking the ioDevice as input. Any acquire() call made without calling addClientSideConnection will still work, but the Node will not be able to initialize the Replica without being provided the connection to the Host node.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.12.

See also QRemoteObjectHostBase::addHostSideConnection.

[invokable] bool QRemoteObjectNode::connectToNode(const QUrl &address)

Connects a client node to the host node at address.

Connections will remain valid until the host node is deleted or no longer accessible over a network.

Once a client is connected to a host, valid Replicas can then be acquired if the corresponding Source is being remoted.

Return true on success, false otherwise (usually an unrecognized url, or connecting to already connected address).

Note: This function can be invoked via the meta-object system and from QML. See Q_INVOKABLE.

template <typename T> QStringList QRemoteObjectNode::instances() const

This templated function (taking a repc generated type as the template parameter) will return the list of names of every instance of that type on the Remote Objects network. For example, if you have a Shape class defined in a .rep file, and Circle and Square classes inherit from the Source definition, they can be shared on the Remote Objects network using enableRemoting.

Square square;
Circle circle;
myHost.enableRemoting(&square, "Square");
myHost.enableRemoting(&circle, "Circle");

Then instance can be used to find the available instances of Shape.

QStringList instances = clientNode.instances<Shape>();
// will return a QStringList containing "Circle" and "Square"
auto instance1 = clientNode.acquire<Shape>("Circle");
auto instance2 = clientNode.acquire<Shape>("Square");

QStringList QRemoteObjectNode::instances(QStringView typeName) const

This function overloads instances().

This convenience function provides the same result as the templated version, but takes the name of the Source class as a parameter (typeName) rather than deriving it from the class type.

QRemoteObjectNode::ErrorCode QRemoteObjectNode::lastError() const

Returns the last error set.

[since 5.12] void QRemoteObjectNode::registerExternalSchema(const QString &schema, QRemoteObjectNode::RemoteObjectSchemaHandler handler)

Provide a custom method to handle externally provided schemas

This method is tied to the Registry and External Schemas. By registering a std::function handler for an external schema, the registered method will be called when the registry is notified of a Source you've acquired being available. Without this registration, QtRO would only be able to handle the "built-in" schemas.

The provided method, handler, will be called when the registry sees a Source object on a new (not yet connected) Node with a {QUrl::schema()} of schema. The handler, of type QRemoteObjectNode::RemoteObjectSchemaHandler will get the QUrl of the Node providing the Source as an input parameter, and is responsible for establishing the communications channel (a QIODevice of some sort) and calling addClientSideConnection with it.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.12.

See also RemoteObjectSchemaHandler.

const QRemoteObjectRegistry *QRemoteObjectNode::registry() const

Returns a pointer to the Node's QRemoteObjectRegistry, if the Node is using the Registry feature; otherwise it returns nullptr.

[virtual] void QRemoteObjectNode::setName(const QString &name)

Sets name as the internal name for this Node. This is then output as part of the logging (if enabled). This is primarily useful if you merge log data from multiple nodes.

[override virtual protected] void QRemoteObjectNode::timerEvent(QTimerEvent *)

Reimplements: QObject::timerEvent(QTimerEvent *event).

bool QRemoteObjectNode::waitForRegistry(int timeout = 30000)

Blocks until this Node's Registry is initialized or timeout (in milliseconds) expires. Returns true if the Registry is successfully initialized upon return, or false otherwise.

© 2024 The Qt Company Ltd. Documentation contributions included herein are the copyrights of their respective owners. The documentation provided herein is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License version 1.3 as published by the Free Software Foundation. Qt and respective logos are trademarks of The Qt Company Ltd. in Finland and/or other countries worldwide. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.